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WILLIAM ALSON BAKER was born on 10 Mar 1837 in Westmoreland, Cheshire Co, NH, son of Judge Larkin Baker & Celina Cobb.[i] He married CORNELIA DEVINE CANNON, born about Dec 1840-2,[ii] daughter of a Cambridge, MA, glass cutter and daguerreotypist, John Cannon and his wife, Cornelia Devine on 9 Aug 1862 in Cambridge, MA.[iii] William and Cornelia divorced in Sept 1882. His physical abuse and affair with Ellen S. Horne was deemed just cause.[iv] William married Ellen S. Horne on 16 Dec 1882 in Cambridge, MA.[v] Cornelia died 7 Sep 1884 in Wakefield, NH.[vi] William & Ellen separated by Sept 1888, [vii] and apparently divorced by 1893 as he married 3rd, his former book-keeper Olive A. Barnes.[viii] He died 23 Mar 1897 in Cambridge, MA.[ix]
William grew up in the more affluent neighborhood of Park Hill in Westmoreland, NH. His life, no doubt, took a traumatic turn between the ages of 14-17 years old when in that short period of time he lost his mother, 3 sisters and a brother.[x] This left only his father, his brother Albert Sprague Baker, and his sister Sarah Josephine (Baker) Farr. As late as 1860, he is noted in Westmoreland, NH with his father,[xi] and then next appears in Aug 1862 as an “attendant” living in Somerville, MA when he marries Cornelia in Cambridge, MA.[xii] Three days later, William enters the Civil War.[xiii]
Civil War Service
Several sources piece together his entire military service. [xiv] 12 Aug 1862, William A. Baker was mustered into service as a Corporal in the Union Army for an intended service of 3 years. The “Somerville Guard” was under the Command of Frederick R. Kinsley in Company E. 39th Infantry Regiment. They originally went to camp in Lynnfield, MA, and after Boxford, MA leaving there on 6 Sep 1862 for Washington, DC. They arrived in DC on 8 Sep and on the 9th were ordered to Long Bridge at Camp Chase where they remained guarding the line of the Potomac, the City of Washington & other points in the area through the beginning of July 1863.
Just prior to leaving DC in Jun 1863, it seems William Baker may have been injured and consequently reduced to a Private, or perhaps that was for another reason unknown, but on 9 Jul 1863, William’s Regiment leaves for Harper’s Ferry without him. While the book written by John H. Dusseault raises the question if this is true, stating they only left behind JJ Giles in Washington, DC, William Baker’s military file states otherwise. Company muster roll sheets state he was present in both May & June, but on July & Aug he is absent, reported sick since 9 Jul 1863 and in Washington, DC. Rolls for Sep & Oct say sick 2 Jul 1863.
The military record states he was transferred to the 2nd Co, 2nd Battalion VRC (Veteran Reserve Corps, originally the Invalid Corps) 9 Oct 1863, and on 26 Oct 1863 William is mustered out from Washington, DC for disability. The rolls continue and in Nov & Dec they are back to saying he was been sick since 9 July. The file states: "Permanent lameness of left leg owing to partial confraction of flexor muscles of thigh, the result of injury". A “confraction” is an old obsolete word meaning ‘a breaking into pieces.
Alfred S. Roe states on page 390 in 39th Massachusetts, "The Thirty-ninth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, 1862-1865," that William was a “Hospital Attendant”. His compiled military record states nothing about being a hospital attendant, nor has a record been found that states that; however, it is possible this is in reference to his civilian life prior to entering service. His marriage record does list his occupation as an “attendant” and his only brother was in fact a hospital attendant/assistant at “McLean Asylum” as early as 1860.[xv] Of course, it is also possible he did light duty in the field hospital after he was injured, or both.
Life after the War
In the ten years after his discharge, William begins to settle into life and business in Cambridge, MA. In November of 1863, he is a witness on his mother-in-law’s executrix papers for John Cannon’s estate who had passed away of consumption on 6 Oct 1863.[xvi] William begins work as a machinist as early as 1864,[xvii] and lives in various places in Cambridge & Somerville for several years.[xviii] On the 1870 Census, he is listed in Somerville, as a Machinist. Cornelia, Kate, Josie, Albert & William are with them as well as Annie Barrett, a domestic servant, and his first cousin, Charles B. Wooley a23, also a machinist. In the 1870 Cambridge Directory, he is listed on Gore St and had listed his own machine shop named W.A. Baker & Co,[xix] but the very next year 1871, he listed as a real estate broker in Union Square,[xx] and a “trader” in Sep 1871.[xxi] Apparently, it wasn’t going well as on 5 Mar 1872, he filed bankruptcy.[xxii]
The bankruptcy file, case# 2549 in the District of Massachusetts indicates he had very few assets.[xxiii] There was no property, & possessions only included: Day Book and Ledger, two chamber setts, one sofa, four stuffed chairs, fourteen caned sealed chairs, one dining room table, one centre table, one kitchen table, three stoves, one woolen carpet, one straw carpet, crockery, stove, wooden, tin and iron ware.
Schedule A showing the names of creditors includes several local business owners, merchants, lawyers, real estate brokers, and his brother Albert S. Baker. Among the papers is a letter from Edward P. Osgood which states that he opposes the bankruptcy because in 1870 he purchased “sundry iron cartriges” for 400.00 still owing 191.25. He goes on to say the bankrupt willfully defrauded or caused to be purchased a house in Chester Square “which house he subsequently exchanged or traded for another house in Boston, and this said house was again exchanged for a farm – the title to which now stands in the name of the Bankrupt’s wife. That a portion of the purchase money employed in various purchases of real estate was derived from the sale of the cartridge aforesaid – all of which your Petitioner is prepared to prove.” Despite this, William was granted Bankruptcy in June of 1872,[xxiv] and was listed as a real estate agent in 1873.[xxv]
The 1875 Directory in Somerville, MA, states he is in “liquors”, [xxvi] and he’s filing bankruptcy again in May of that year.[xxvii] The District of Massachusetts, file 4465, states on Schedule A under real estate: Caroline L. Wight: Medfield note secured by mortgage a farm in Medfield, note signed by William & Cornelia, the fee to the property at the time. The mortgage was given & belonged to Cornelia D. Baker. Value of securities 5000.00; Amount of debt 3900.00. In addition, this list of creditors includes West Boston savings Bank for 4000.00, and again several merchants, lawyers, tradesmen, real estate agents, as well as a saloon keeper, and his brother Albert S. Baker. Some purchases involved groceries, hay, grain, manure, horses, & horse shoeing. Some services include moving a building, carpentry, mason work, use of a pasture, real estate and lawyer fees. Schedule B lists five notes for money due to him. Also in this file was a document dated 15 Jan 1881 stating that in reference to the case filed, “No claims proved” at that time.[xxviii]
The Real Estate Business
Much research still needs to be done & confirmed with regard to the real estate business & land transactions of William Baker & Cornelia Baker. The Registry of Deeds in the counties of Middlesex, MA & Norfolk , MA need to be fully searched & deeds found need to be completely evaluated & analyzed. This is a huge “work in progress” as combined grantor & grantee deeds for William A. Baker & or Cornelia Baker in Middlesex County alone contain approximately 80 deeds.[xxix]
Moving to New Hampshire
In the spring of 1876, the family moved to Middleton, NH when they purchased a 100 acre farm from Plummer Burley for 2700.00 plus the taxes for 1876.[xxx] In Feb of 1878, they got a mortgage with the same man for 704.00 against the same property for 3 payments of 234.67 each payable in 6 [Sept 1878], 12 [Feb 1879] & 18 [Sept 1879] months.[xxxi] In Jun of 1878, they added another mortgage for 200.00 with Daniel S. Burley on the same property under the terms of “200 and interest payable semi-annually in 1 yr. [Dec 1878 & Jun 1879].[xxxii] Apparently, things weren’t going very well in New Hampshire either as William files bankruptcy AGAIN, this time in NH in 31 Aug 1878.[xxxiii]
The New Hampshire District Bankruptcy File #1219 contains only couple papers.[xxxiv] It was filed on 31 Aug 1878 at 8:45PM, which seems like an awfully strange time, but that is what it says. The file contains a petition stating debts from Albert F. Wood=554.20 in merchandise; Daniel J. Burley = 365.08 Money loaned & Charles A. Nooney = 309.70 for merchandise. All these men live in Wakefield, NH. Another paper goes on to say that William A. Baker filed bankruptcy “for the purpose and with the intent of delaying, defrauding and hindering our collections, has concealed, transferred, sold, assigned & conveyed his property so as to avoid its being attached”. The researcher has not seen any property transferals in or about Aug 1878.
The first of January 1879, William & Cornelia bought an additional 50 acres on the “westerly side of the Hollow” from Albert F. Wood.[xxxv] Twelve days later they mortgaged 150.00 against that property with Daniel S. Burley of Wakefield, NH,[xxxvi] and the next month bought another property known as the “Levi Hannaford Tan Yard” in Union, NH from Albert F. Wood for 800.00,[xxxvii] of which it seems he mortgaged 150.00 the following July with Plummer Burley.[xxxviii]
It seems that during this time period although William and his family are still in Middleton, William is commuting on the train to Boston to work as a stock broker.[xxxix] William suddenly pops up again in the 1879 Cambridge MA Directory after not being listed since 1876 & it states “Baker, William A. banker and stock broker, 42 Water, B.h. 30 Park”. He is not on the 1880 Cambridge Directory, but he can be found on the 1880 US Census in Middleton NH which lists him as a “farmer”.
For some strange reason William A. Baker is granted Guardianship over Albert Larkin Baker in Feb 1881 in Strafford County. Could it be because Sarah Baker, William’s step-mother, died 12 Sep 1880, & Albert L. Baker is named in her will? I suspect so. Especially since William took possession of the twenty-five dollars in the capacity of Guardian 4 Jun 1881.[xl]
One of the most telling records found was the divorce of William A. Baker & Cornelia Baker that includes a statement made on Cornelia’s behalf by her lawyer; it was then signed by her in Strafford County, NH during Apr 1882.[xli]
The completely transcribed the document states:
State of New Hampshire
To the Supreme Court
Cornelia D. Baker a resident and citizen of Middleton in said county of Strafford complains against William A. Baker, late of said Middleton and says that she was lawfully married to him on the ninth day of August 1862, -: that your libellant since their intermarriage has always behaved herself as a faithful, chaste, and affectionate wife, but that the said William A. Baker wholly regardless of his marriage covenant and duty on the first day of Sept 1880 at said Middleton and at said Dover in said county and on divers other days and times between that day and the filing of this libel at said Middleton and at a place called Somersworth, and at said Dover committed the crime of adultery with one Ellen S. Horne. That the said William A. Baker is and for a long time has been guilty of extreme cruelty to the said libellant and docs so treat. and for a long time Viz” from the first day of January 1880 has so treated her as serisly to injure her health and indanger her reason.
That the said William A. Baker has personal estate of the value of three hundred dollars. And real estate of the value of eight hundred dollars.
That said libellant resided and cohabitated with the said William A. Baker at said Middleton up to the time of the commission of said acts of adultery, and since that time she has resided at said Middleton, but separate and apart from the said libelee. Wherefore said Cornelia D. Baker prays that a divorce from the bonds of matrimony between herself and the said William A. Baker may be decreed. That a suitable provision may be made to her out of his estate and that he be suspended from interfering in any way with the possession of the above described property during the pending of this suit and that a omit of attachment may issue. authorizing the attachment of said property in the suit and for such other relief as may be just. [Signed] Cornelia D. Baker”
Also included in the file is the final decree in which Cornelia received as alimony all of William’s interest in the following real estate, & also all the personal property of William A. Baker situate in Middleton consisting of all furniture, farm equipment, one horse, yoke of oxen, two cows, two heiffers, hay, grain, provisions, etc.
The Homestead farm of the said William A. Baker, situate in Middleton, in the county of Strafford and State of New Hampshire containing about one hundred acres with the building thereon, and being it the same premises conveyed to said William A. Baker by Plummer Burley by deed date April 28th 1876, and recorded in Strafford County Registrar of Deeds Book 263 Page 537.
Also another tract of land situate in said Middleton and containing about fifty acres and being the land conveyed to said William A. Baker by Albert F. Wood by deed dated January 1st 1879 and recorded in Strafford County Registry of Deeds, Book 262, Page 19.
Less than 3 months later William married Ellen S. Horne on 16 Dec 1882 in Cambridge, MA where it shows he now resides once more,[xlii] but he doesn’t show up in the Cambridge Directory until 1884.
The 1882 Boston Directory does shows “Barnes, McBurney, & Co. (W.H. Barnes, J.W. McBurney, H.W. Holbrook and L.B. Barnes) Stock brokers, 42 Water” which is the same place where William’s stock brokerage was listed in 1879,[xliii] and was again after this.[xliv]
At the time of William & Cornelia’s divorce all children are still minors, yet none are mentioned in the divorce file.[xlv] The calculated ages of the children are: Kate 17, Josie 15, Albert 13, William 12 & George 11. Cornelia is presumably a single Mom of 5, and trying to run a 150 acre farm.[xlvi]
While Cornelia received possession of the 150 acres, this did not absolve her of the debt of the farm, and the next February Plummer & Daniel S. Burley start foreclosure proceedings. That May they took possession of all 150 acres with the assistance of Sheriff John Greenfield & warrants for both William & Cornelia are issued.[xlvii]
I can’t say for certain where Cornelia & the children ended up between this event in May of 1883 & August of 1884, when as will be discussed shortly, William’s brother, Albert, purchases the homestead. I guess it is possible Cornelia & the children were allowed to stay on the farm in the interim, but I suppose they could have also gone to Union, NH & stayed at the “Levi Hannaford Tan Yard” which William still owned.[xlviii] It seems odd that this property wasn’t mentioned in the divorce, nor was it foreclosed upon in 1883, but the deed states that on 7 Apr 1890 the 150.00 mortgage was paid & discharged,[xlix]
Sadly, just two short years after the divorce on 7 Sep 1884 Cornelia D. Baker (recorded under Cordelia A. Baker) died in Wakefield, NH at age 41.[l] The record says she was still married; died of inflammation of bowels, buried Cambridge Cemetery with her father, John Cannon, and others.[li]
It isn’t exactly clear what happened to the kids at this point, but William’s brother Albert S. Baker comes into the picture by purchasing both the homestead property & the additional 50 acres that was once William & Cornelia’s from Daniel S. Burley & Plummer Burley for 1600.00 two weeks before Cornelia passed away.[lii] It has lost 20 acres in the interim somewhere that is yet to be determined.[liii] His mortgage was with Plummer Burley for 1300.00.[liv] February 1885, Albert S. Baker sells William A. Baker one undivided half of the property back to him.[lv]
Meanwhile, William was still married to Ellen S. (Horne) & shows up in the 1884 Cambridge Directory under Baker, William A. stock broker (403 Devonshire, B.) house 236 Putnam, & The 1885 Cambridge Directory “Baker, Wm A. stock broker (403 Devonshire, B.), h. 13 Tufts”.
In Dec 1885 William & Ellen Baker purchase the house on 30 Park St in Cambridge, MA from Harriet J. Whitney. [lvi] Both William & Ellen became involved in & held Officer positions 1884-1886 with the Pilgrim Father’s Harvard Colony No. 60 which was, in short, a group insurance association. The 1886 Cambridge Directory lists “Baker, Wm A. stock broker (42 Water St B.) [B = Boston] h. 30 Park St” [Cambridge] & 1887 Cambridge Directory lists under Baker “Wm. A. stock broker (42 Water St, B.) h. 30 Park”.
In checking for the sons of William & Cornelia, it seems Albert & George show up Massachusetts as they turn 21.[lvii] The 1890 Cambridge Directory Albert L Baker is a candy maker residing at 30 Park St. with his father William A, stock broker and banker working at 32 Water St., and the 1892 Somerville Directory has an Albert L Baker as a Shipping Clerk living at 314 Broadway at Cambridge. Also listed at that address is George Baker, the brother of Albert, listed as a Mail Clerk.
Hazen Bill Bribery Case
It shouldn’t be a huge surprise at this point, that in October of 1887 William finds himself in a bit more trouble. He was one of several accused of offering bribes to individuals in the New Hampshire Legislator in regard to the Hazen & Atherton railroad bills. The Hazen Bill was sponsored by B & M Railroad; The Atherton Bill was sponsored by the Concord Railroad. The Hazen Bill initially passed but was vetoed. The bills are rather complicated, but in short, both bills had some common factors; both held protection & compensation for stockholders, both forbid an increase fairs or fees, and both forbid foreign companies from conducting any railroad business in the state. From there is gets more complicated.[lviii]
In William’s particular case, he was accused of bribing his cousin, William J Reed, a NH Representative to vote toward Hazen Bill.[lix] The following book outlines the entire investigation and testimony in detail, State of New Hampshire June Session Proceedings and Testimony report of the Judiciary Committee of the House; Investigations of Charges of Bribery of Members of the Legislature, which can be found on google books. William’s case begins on page 25, and is sporadically mentioned throughout the book. The following summary of information is written from it. Reed’s testimony contains the bulk of the testimony, but is also followed by Sinclair, Jones & Woolley.
William J. Reed, a member of the House first testifies he is not there without a summons, and his testimony is not voluntary. He says he went to Boston sometime after the middle of July on business. It was just before supper when he arrived; he had supper and stayed overnight with a business colleague. The next day the man he had stayed over with asked him to go to downtown with him, and he went. They “passed the street of a certain broker”. Reed asked to be excused from stating his name. The inquirers then ask for the street, and Reed is not happy with complying stating “He is a friend of mine, and never before was put in a place where I ever went back on a friend. Now that is just where it is, but if you insist I can do it. I suppose I shall have to.” Reed states that William's business sign on Water St. reads "W.A. Baker".
Reed goes on to testify that he and his business colleague discussed Baker had a place there. They decided to stop in for a short visit planning to stay only about 15 or 20 minutes. Reed having not seen Baker for 5 yrs; Woolley not seeing him for 2 yrs. While there, Reed says it was discussed he was in the Legislator & Baker brought up the railroad fight wanting to know which way Reed thought. Reed had replied he hadn’t made up his mind yet when Baker, according to Reed said “Well, there is a pretty good chance for you to make some money”.
Apparently Baker went on to imply he could pay Reed for his vote toward a particular direction, first offering 1,000, then 2,000, then 3,000. Reed states he replied “You hold on, I do not know about this. That is a pretty large sum of money.”
Reed says it was tempting but he had thought up until that point regarding the Hazen Bill that it would cause a monopoly and be bad for the state. Reed goes on to say, Baker went higher and higher in price, finally offering 5,000. Reed left it with Baker that he would think about it, and if he was interested would let him know. Then he and his associate left.
Reed says that he and his associate conducted their business as planned, and he took the train home. His last words to his associate being “I shall think this matter over very carefully, and you can rest assured that I shall do nothing but what I think is right”. He states by the time he got home he had decided to have nothing to do with it. Reed thought about telling his wife but opted out of that. Reed states he wrote a letter to his business colleague soon after stating “On the matter of which we talked I have decided that I shall take no further action. I have a wife and a boy and myself, and to-day I stand clean, and I intend to do so.”
He says about that same time, he was beginning to see other men “being got around” by sharp men and if Baker “could put such a plausible story on me, they might on others.” He goes on to say he ran in to Mr. Moore and told him that he had “become acquainted with a little transaction that looks to me very crooked, and it has been practised on an honest man, and I don’t like the looks of it”. In that circumstance Reed was talking about something he had overheard about another gentleman. Reed then shared his own story about what happened with Baker. He concludes he has “taken steps ever since not to be brought out, but I am here, and I have testified; that is all I have to say.”
The inquirers are not done with him yet though, they clarify the broker’s name was William A. Baker, and that the business associate was Charles B. Woolley. Further, they ask if Reed had seen Baker since, and discussed this. Reed replied “Yes, sir”.
He states he went to Boston again on different business, and stopped in to see Mr. Baker. Reed is a little wishy-washy here first stating he had his mind made up what he should do, but then stating he didn’t know if he might change his mind somewhat, as he “was not certain, but partly”.
Reed says “I went this time to satisfy myself, if I could, whether he was in that business or not of buying men, and I must say that I don’t think that he has made offers to anybody else. It may be in one town, but I have no knowledge of it.”
Beginning on page 33, Reed begins to discuss that he knew Baker all his life growing up in Westmoreland and went to school with him from about age 10-14, but Baker was older, and must be near 50. They discuss if there was anything in their history that would make Baker think he could bribe Reed & if Reed had ever known him to do that type of thing before. Reed denied, but said Baker told him he had “used money and knew how to do it” and offers to discuss whose money he said he used, going on to name “Mr. Frank Jones and Mr. Charles Sinclair”.
They question why Reed sent that note to Woolley & if Woolley was involved. They question if Baker knew which side Reed was on. Then they ask more about the second time Reed went to Baker’s office.
Reed says he went in there and they discussed the business of how the stock market worked, and then Baker asked “Is there any sugar up round there?” and if any fellows were taking any.
Reed replied “It looks to me as though some of them had sucked a little.” Then Reed asked Baker if he meant what he said before and Baker answered that he did. Reed questioned Baker as to how this kind of thing is done so that no one finds out. Baker says Reed could pick a stock on the board.
Reed then questions Baker on his authority and Baker states “If you will stay here fifteen minutes, I will have Charlie Sinclair in here.”
Reed says “no, I haint got to that point; I guess I will go” and left.
The testimony then discusses that Reed is a shipper of produce and Woolley's business is a dealer in provisions such as produce, vegetables & poultry in Boston. They question if Baker is a ‘curbstone’ broker or on a large scale. Reed states Baker had a stock board there and was conversing with NY. They questioned if Baker was “a man of property or not?” Reed said he thought he “has fair property, and in a fair way of making a good deal more”. They finally dissect Baker & Reed are cousins (p. 38).
Reed testified he heard William was a responsible man there as a broker for 5 or 6 years, and prior to that sometimes William was at the “top of the heap and sometimes...”, pretty near to the bottom. Reed said, Baker went to war as a boy from Somerville and has lived in East Cambridge, Somerville and Cambridge. As a boy he was a machinist and ran a business for himself then became a speculator. Reed recalls:
“He began to invest some money in land in Somerville, and any of you gentlemen who are acquainted with Somerville know that about that time there was quite a craze for investing in real estate in Somerville, and gentlemen that have held that real estate are worth something to day. He invested, on margins, what little he got, and there came a hard time, as you all know, later on, and when he supposed he had several thousand dollars in property I think he had it on mortgages mostly. He controlled a good deal of property, any way, and when these hard times came on it shut him off. There was where he was, and he had to get on his feet again. He has got there now, gentlemen. I don't know what he is worth — nothing about it.” (p. 40)
Reed was questioned if they were on good terms, and replied he did not want to be here to testify and that yes they had been, but "Well, he has not been quite my style of man, I might say that."
When asked “What is the trouble with the man?”
Reed said "Well, that ain't my style". When pressed he said Baker was "considered a kind of sharp fellow. I don’t know as you could call that anything against him."
It was asked if he was "shady", and Reed didn't know what that meant but upon clarification if he was “a little disreputable?” Reed said "No, not that way. I regarded him as a pretty sharp man and I think that if I should have dealings with him that I should-".
The inquirer then asked if Baker was “A little dangerous?”
Reed replied “No; I should look out for him as one business man would look out for another. I should not take any friendship in it. I should have it fixed; that is all. He is that kind of man. I should have it fixed.”
“Wouldn’t take his word of honor?”
Reed: “I should rather have it fixed up or down.”
They go on to question how Baker said he had used Frank Jones’ money before. Reed says Baker “is a Republican. I didn’t suppose Republicans could ever be bought; but he said at the time Frank Jones was up for Governor[,] Baker had 300 of his money, and the result was that about twenty republicans of his town went the other way; that is all. I told him I didn’t think he was a very good Republican.” They questioned what town this was and Reed said Baker lived in Union or Union Village, in the town of Wakefield (p. 43-44).
Charles Sinclair’s testimony actually starts on p. 95, but on p. 145 calls Baker a "curbstone" broker who buys and sells mortgages. He states he did not know Baker intimately and doesn’t remember seeing him for 3 yrs. He also reports he has only spoken to Baker not more than 2 or 3 times in his life. Sinclair insists there was not one dollar of business through others between them in the last 3 yrs.
Sinclair states William cannot leave Boston, but has written an affidavit (p. 163-4), which is not included in the book. Sinclair’s partner in one of his businesses, Mr Cooke of Salem, had notified Sinclair he should come see Baker but Sinclair had declined seeing him and said “that I wanted nothing to do with him whatever”. Apparently, William had gone into their place of business after Reed’s testimony was published in the local paper, and stated it was false from beginning to end, and he was willing to give an affidavit to that effect.
On p. 182, they revisit why Baker can’t come to New Hampshire. Sinclair says it has come to light why & that they are “very good reasons” but that he does not “think it is necessary or proper” to share them with the court. He goes on to say that Mr. Baker referenced Reed had been in an insane asylum, and should be there now.
On p. 202, Sinclair decides to tell the reason why “There is an indictment hanging over Mr. Baker: he has been arrested for debt” Sinclair implies he does not consider him a decent man. He goes on to say he learned years ago Baker sold a mortgage to a friend that was fraudulent, about 4-6 years ago. Sinclair states “I do not think Mr. Jones ever had any business connections with Mr. Baker” Upon questioning as to how Sinclair would know that Sinclair states “I live with him, in business with him, a partner with him, and I think I might know something of his business.” Questioned further it is noted Sinclair may not know all there is to know about Jones political business.
Frank Jones testimony resumes on p. 241 & later in it on p. 256 Baker is bought up again, and the question is asked “Do you know anything about a broker by the name of Baker?”
Jones states “I should not know that name if he came in here. I never spoke to him in my life. He lived up in Strafford county for a number of years, and I used to see him on the train, back and forth.”
“Did you have any business with him?”
“Never. I never spoke with him in my life.” Jones insisted.
Jones goes on to state he never authorized anyone to employ or negotiate with Baker, and to his knowledge Baker never handled his money. Then he says “I don’t know how he came to handle my money without speaking to him. I understood that he was a questionable character, and therefore I never wished to speak to the gentleman.”
“Do you know anything about his living in Wakefield?”
Jones shares, “I knew he came down on the Great Falls & Conway road. Where he lived I cannot say. It was up in that section of the country somewhere.”
Wooley’s testimony [Woolley], Wednesday, Oct 19, 1887, begins on page 450:
Woolley resides in Boston & been in business there 7 years at 25-31 Washington Market on Washington St. He states he was a NH man, native of Westmoreland. He has been acquainted with William J. Reed since school-boy days, and they have business connections. Reed supplies Woolley with produce.
They ask if he knows “A.S. Baker in Boston”
He says “No.” [This is amusing as “A.S. Baker” was William’s brother, although he didn’t live in Boston, but of course he knew him]
They ask do you know any broker in Boston named Baker?
Woolley answers “Yes”.
They ask his full name & he says “W. A. Baker” on Water Street. He says he has known him since he was a boy.
They ask “Is his [brokerage] what some men would phrase “a bucket shop?”
He answers, “I hardly think so. I could not give that on authority.”
They discuss the day Reed & Whoolley went to see Baker. Whoolley identifies it as the day Mr Hill, vice-president of the NY Stock Exchange, dropped dead.
Whoolley backs up Reed’s testimony to a certain extent but does not recall discussing Jones buying votes up north, and remembers it more like Baker was just telling him what Reed could do or get not that Baker would give it or had any authority to give it from anyone else. Whooley confirms all three are cousins, and that Baker’s office was near the back of the post office. The call to visit Baker was simply because they were relatives. Whoolley states: “Well, knowing Mr. Baker as I did, I thought perhaps he had no authority for making any offers.”
Whoolley is then asked “Is this Baker a sort of adventurer?”
The answer was “I should call him so”.
“Is he what you might call an irresponsible man in matters of integrity?”
Whoolley answered “Well, I could hardly say that.”
“Well what do you mean by adventurer?”
Whoolley answers: “I cannot say he is an adventurer now; but there was a time when he was in all kinds of business- different kinds of business, running from one to another, and not very successful in any. That is what I meant by being an adventurer.”
He states he understood Baker was doing quite a business as a broker and that his personal appearance had quite improved. Whoolley and Reed both testified there was a NY stock board on the wall in Baker’s office, and it looked as though he was prospering and running a legitimate stock broker’s office.[lx]
As previously mentioned, the affidavit is not included in the book. Naturally, the researcher wondered if it was in the original file. At this point in time, the location of the original file has not been confirmed as being in the New Hampshire State Archives.
Just for clarification, the all three were first cousins on their mother’s sides.[lxi] William J. Reed's parents were John Reed and Eunice Cobb.[lxii] Charles B. Woolley was the son of Aaron B. (Burr) Woolley & Semira Cobb,[lxiii] both sisters of Celina Cobb, William's mother.[lxiv]
There is also an article in the New York Times, 3 Nov 1887 titled "Hazen Bill Bribers" which states at the end "In the cases of brokers Baker and Mosely, of Boston, the minority believe that while they did attempt to corruptly influence members, they were acting without authority and were actuated by personal motives." The Journals of the Honorable Senate is not quite so polite when it states in Vol 2, 1887, pg 903-904 states:
"It was shown that Baker is a person of very questionable reputation. His conversation with Mr. Reed, we think, was the irresponsible vaporing of a disreputable adventurer, who was absolutely unconnected with any one interest in the railroad bills."
Life after the Bribery Case
According to the 1887-1890 Cambridge Directories, Miss Olive A. Barnes is a bookkeeper at 42 Water St. in Cambridge, MA. She is not listed in the 1891-1893 Cambridge Directories, but her mother is listed at 9 Park St, a short distance from 30 Park St where William lived.
I do not feel it is a coincidence that Olive Barnes has been working for William when in September 1888, Ellen Baker files for Separate’s Support.[lxv] The record doesn’t say much, but a document in the file sent to William says “that for justifiable cause she is living apart from you and praying that you may be prohibited from imposing any restraint on her personal liberty, and ordered to furnish suitable support for her.”
Another document states “that her husband fails, without just cause, to furnish suitable support for her, --and has deserted her, --and that your petitioner, for justifiable cause, is actually living apart from her husband.” On 15 Oct 1888, it was ordered that William A. Baker pay Ellen twenty five dollars in October of 1888. Nothing else was in the file, and a divorce decree was not found in Middlesex County MA or Strafford County NH.
William can be found in a few records from 1890-1895. The 1890 Veteran schedule lists him as a Corporal Co E Reg 39 Aug 12 1862-Oct 26 1863 1y 2m 14d; it doesn’t state where or how he was disabled.[lxvi] The 1890 Cambridge Directory lists him as a Banker & Stockbroker at 42 Water St., and his residence as 30 Park St. As well, The Blue Book of Cambridge in 1890, 1891 & 1895 list William A. Baker at 30 Park St., Cambridgeport. He is not listed in 1896.
On 6 Sep 1893, William A. Baker married in Cambridge for the third time, his previous employee, Olive A (Barnes).[lxvii] The record states he is a broker & his parents are listed as Larkin Baker & Celina Cobb. It states he is 49 years old, but he is actually 56. She is 28, and the daughter of Martin Barnes and Mary Witham. It was his third and her first marriage.[lxviii]
2 Dec 1893, William runs for Mayor of Cambridge, but it seems it was tongue and cheek to perhaps everyone except him. Boston Journal [newspaper], Page 1:
SPRUNG HIS NAME
New Candidate for the Moy-
oralty in Cambridge
William A. Baker Comes Out on
“Republican Union” Papers.
A Claim That It Is to Throw Cold
Water on Mayor Bancroft
The quite long article goes on to state in part ….
“…the papers placing Baker in nomination were signed by about 200 citizens, and 140 were certified as being legal voters. The list was headed by Horace K. Osborn, who was a candidate on the Republican ticket for the Legislature in the last State election and was defeated”………..“A letter was attached to the nomination papers, signed by Mr. Baker, stating that he would accept the nomination for Mayor on nominations papers.”…….”Mayor Bancroft’s friends claim that it is a ‘put up job’ to throw cold water on his election and was instigated by a few disgruntled anti-workers in the Republican party who have no appreciation of the work of Bancroft’s administration.
A reporter called at the house of Mr. Baker on Park Street last evening, and in answer to questions Mr. Baker said that he did not seek the nomination. The first idea, he said, of any such thing coming about was on last Wednesday, when a committee of citizens waited upon him and desired to use his name…..The city had been canvased, he was told, and something like 2000 votes had been pledged for him.
Mr. Baker said that he was no catspaw and was a candidate solely on his merits. Mr. Baker is a veteran of the war, having gone to the front with Company E, Thirty-ninth Regiment, a Somerville company, and has resided in Cambridge since the war. He is a member of Post 186, G.A.R., and his business is that of a stock broker.”
Bancroft creamed him, 5638 to 167, winning the election on 12 Dec 1893.[lxix]
In 1894 several grantor deeds appear for 30 Park St,[lxx] and on 7 Apr 1890 the 150.00 mortgage for the “Levi Hannaford Tan Yard” in Union, NH was discharged.[lxxi] No sale for that property was found under William A. Baker.
15 Sep 1895, William’s brother, Albert S. Baker died of Spinal Meningitis at the age of 60 in Middleton, NH.[lxxii] He was on the Middleton School Committee in 1890,[lxxiii] and in 1892 was running a boardinghouse called “Hillside Farm”.[lxxiv] Although, the 1892 Atlas Map of Middleton, NH shows the house still owned by William A. Baker.[lxxv]
Feb 1896 William A. Baker & his wife Olive sell the one undivided half of the Middleton, NH Farm that had lately been called Albert S. Baker Place to Henry Doane for “one dollar & other considerations”.[lxxvi] We can see from a deed on 29 Apr 1897, that his Administrator, Samuel Parker of Farmington, NH, sells Daniel S. Burley back the 130 acre property then known as the “Albert S. Baker Place” for 12.00 worth of equity.[lxxvii]
23 Mar 1897 William died at his home in Arlington, Ma while apparently playing solitaire.[lxxviii] He is buried in Cambridge Cemetery on Willow St with the Barnes Family.[lxxix]
The Administration of His Estate.
William did not leave a will and the administration of his estate took four years, not finalizing until May of 1901.[lxxx] The original file indicates William A. Baker Jr was appointed administrator just a few days within his father's death, after the decline of Olive. However, in 1899 he was removed after not completing the inventory.
The next of kin listed as of 5 Apr 1897 are:
The papers are extensive and include various creditors, stocks, assets, etc. Real Estate is consistently listed as none. In the end, the debts pretty much equal the assets, leaving nothing for the family. Various papers state rent/lease was due for Water St=100.00; also mentions he had a US pension check; lists hundreds of thousands of shares with “no value” or “little or no value”, a couple with “value uncertain.
A few interesting assets include:
A few debts include: [There are many more, some for quite large amounts.]
Some of his personal items included:
It seems shortly after William’s death, Ellen moved to Dover, NH where she can be found on the Directories for 1900-1904. The 1900 census lists her in Somersworth, NH. Ellen never remarried & died 13 Jan 1904 per the 1905 Dover NH Directory. She has a Strafford County NH Probate file as well as a Massachusetts Probate file.[lxxxi] From the Strafford County file we can see her father was named administrator and that she had significant inventory including 370.00 in stocks & bonds, 2871.02 in Savings & 53.00 in debt owed to her. Her personal estate was solvent 3294.12. No real estate property is listed.[lxxxii]
Olive remained in Cambridge for over a decade, then Arlington, then Malden, the latter places with her sister Esther Witham.[lxxxiii] She filed for Veteran’s Pension support in 1918.[lxxxiv] As late as the 1929 Malden Directory, Olive is with her sister at 69 Maude St. Olive’s sister, Esther, dies in Mar 20, 1930,[lxxxv] & within weeks on 9 Apr 1930, Olive is noted in Danvers State Hospital, Middleton, MA on the 1930 Census.[lxxxvi] She likely remained there through to the 1940 census in Danvers which lists her with an incorrect age, but then she is crossed off along with several others.[lxxxvii] It does indicate she was there in 1935, but because she was crossed of, we don’t know. Olive never remarried, but on both the 1930 & 1940 censuses it states she is still married. She died 4 Dec 1941 78y according to the Cambridge Cemetery Records.[lxxxviii]
William A. Baker and Cornelia Ann (Cannon) had the following children:
1. KATE MABEL BAKER b: 12 Sep 1864 Cambridge, MA.[lxxxix] She married HERMAN L. MOULTON likely very young as she was only 17 when she gave birth.[xc] In 1897, she is recorded in her father’s estate papers & was listed in the Salem Directory.[xci] She is still listed in Lynn, MA on the 1900 US Census, but marries 2nd ALEXANDER REID 12 Mar 1901 in Derry, NH.[xcii] It seems they were at least separated by the 1910 US Census of Salem, MA. Kate “Mabel” died 31 Jan 1911 in Salem, MA.[xciii]
i. ELLA EMM MOULTON b: 5 Mar 1883.[xciv] m1: ALBERT J. ROBERTSON.[xcv] m2: FRANK
2. JOSIE MAY BAKER b: 25 Sep 1866.[xcvii] m: PHILIP M. WALDRON, son of Alexander & Margaret Waldron on 4 Feb 1892 in Cambridge, MA.[xcviii] She died 19 Jun 1908 in Providence, RI.[xcix] On the 1900 US Census they were all in Lynn, but by 1910 US Census Phillip is a widower with the children in Providence, RI. He also has a “companion” Sarah M. Leeman, age 44, a widow, born in ME. Philip died in 1918.[c]
i. PHILIP MALCOM WALDRON JR. b: 18 Oct 1892 in Connecticut & died 19 Apr 1961.[ci]
ii. MARGARET B. WALDRON b: Sep 1893 in Connecticut.[cii]
iii. MARIAN RUTH ANNIE WALDRON b: 19 Sep 1903 in Lynn, MA.[ciii] d: 29 Mar 1904 in
3. ALBERT LARKIN BAKER b: 3 Jun 1868 in Somerville, MA.[cv] m: ANNIE MABEL COLE 5 Jul 1892 in Manhattan, NY.[cvi] He died on 10 Oct 1941 at Malden Hospital of a Coronary Occlusion at the age of 73yrs 4mo & 6 days.[cvii] He was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Medford, MA.[cviii] Mabel was born on 9 Feb 1874 in Cambridge, MA, daughter of Arthur & Annie Cole.[cix] She died on 12 Sep 1961 in Medford, MA of Cancer of the Bowel at the age of 87yrs 7mo & 3 days.[cx] She was buried on 14 Sep 1961 in Oak Grove Cemetery, Medford, MA.[cxi] Click here
4. WILLIAM ALSON BAKER JR. b: 25 Dec 1870 in Somerville, MA.[cxii] m: EVALENA LALIA BURGESS on 18 Jun 1902 in Cambridge, MA, daughter of William Burgess & Mary Simmonds. [cxiii]
He was 14 when his mother passed away in 1884 & was the Administrator on his father’s estate in 1897.[cxiv] On the 1900 US Census, he was a clerk in real estate agency & lived on 94 Magazine St. as a lodger with Moore Baker & his daughter.[cxv] By the 1910 US Census, they removed to Carlton City, NV where he was a manager in a dry goods store. During the 1920 & 1930 US Censuses they were in Los Angeles, CA where he was a service manager. He died 25 Apr 1956 in Los Angeles, CA & they are buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, CA.[cxvi]
i. PHYLLIS BAKER b: 29 Oct 1904 in Portsmouth, NH.[cxvii] m: Mr. EVALENKO
d: 5 Mar 1990.[cxviii]
ii. ADELAIDE BAKER b: 1907 probably in Portsmouth, NH.[cxix]
5. GEORGE CLINTON BAKER b: 12 Sep 1871 in Somerville, MA[cxx] m: ANNIE ELIZABETH (ORMISTON) MORRISON, widow of Allen Morrison, on 11 Dec 1895 in Cambridge, MA.[cxxi]. On the 1900 US Census they were on Austin Place in Cambridge, MA, but were separated by 1910.[cxxii] The 1920 US Census shows him in the home of his daughter Cornelia Russell in Somerville, MA and in 1940 he is with his other daughter in New Jersey. He died 27 Jan 1953 and is buried with his sister Josie in Rhode Island.[cxxiii]
i. CORNELIA DEVINE BAKER b: 3 Sep 3 1896 in Salem, MA.[cxxiv] m: JASON LESTER RUSSELL
1 Jul 1916 in Somerville, MA.[cxxv] They had one son.[cxxvi]
ii. MABREY “INEZ” BAKER b: 24 Mar 1899 in Cambridge, MA.[cxxvii] m: RALPH W.
PROCTOR.[cxxviii] They were divorced before 1940 and she was living in New Jersey
with her father, although he is noted as her grandfather. [cxxix] Inez and Ralph had two
sons & a daughter.[cxxx]
Copyright Amylynne Murphy, NewEnglandGenealogist.com 2017
[i] Birth Record William Alson Baker b. 10 Mar 1837 Westmoreland, male, white, living, ch no 6, Larkin Baker, mo. Celina Cobb NHVRA, Fruit St. Concord, NH; History of Westmoreland (Great Meadow) New Hampshire, Westmoreland History Committee, 1976, 597 pages, pg 331;
[ii] Marriage Record William A Baker & Cornelia D Cannon 9 Aug 1862 in Cambridge, MA. His res: Somerville, a25, attendant, b. Westmoreland, NH, Her res. Cambridge, a20, b. Cambridge, no parents listed for either original image via Massachusetts Marriages 1841-1915 , New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org; 1850 US Census Cambridge MA; 1860 US Census Cambridge MA; 1870 US Census Cambridge MA; 1880 US Census Middleton NH; 1855 Massachusetts Census Cambridge MA; Death Record Cordelia A Baker d. 7 Sep 1884 in Wakefield, NH, a41, record states she was still married, inflammation of bowels, NHVRA, Fruit St, Concord; Burial Record Cornelia Baker Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA, Cannon Family Plot Record shows a41, unmarked; Obituary Cornelia Baker Boston Journal Sep 8 1884 “41y 9mo”
[iii] Marriage Record William A Baker & Cornelia D Cannon; Divorce Record of William A Baker & Cornelia D Baker Sep 1882, Strafford County Probate Court, NH; History of Westmoreland (Great Meadow) New Hampshire
[iv] Divorce Record of William A Baker & Cornelia D Baker
[v] Marriage Record William A Baker & Ellen S Horne 16 Dec 1882, He is a45 of Cambridge, She is a25 of Great Falls, NH, He is a broker and she is a teacher, daughter of Loverett & Sylvi (actually Leavett C. Horne & Sylvia Nowell), his 2nd & her 1st, son of Larkin Baker & Celina Cobb original image via Massachusetts Marriages 1841-1910, New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org.
[vi] Death Record Cordelia A Baker; Burial Record Cornelia Baker
[vii] Separate’s Support Ellen S Baker from William A. Baker, Sept 1888, Middlesex County, MA, Supreme Judicial Court Archives, 3 Pemberton Square, 16th Floor, Boston, MA 02108 File# 24670
[viii] Marriage Record William A Baker & Olive A Barnes 8 Sept 1893 in Cambridge, MA, a49, a28, banker, b. NH, b. Boston, p. Larkin Baker & Selena Cobb, Martin Barnes & Mary Witham, 3rd for him, 1st for her. original image via Massachusetts Marriage Records 1841-1915, New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[ix] Death Record William A Baker d. 23 Mar 1897, a55, married, broker, b. Westmoreland, NH, natural causes, p. Larkin Baker & Selina Cobb, both b. NH. original image via Massachusetts Deaths, 1841-1915, New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org; Burial Record William A. Baker Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA Martin Barnes Family Lot 2276 Willow Ave; Obituary William A Baker Boston Daily Advertiser Mar 24, 1897 Issue 71 pg 2; Boston Journal [newspaper] via GenealogyBank.com; Cambridge Chronicle Obituary & Funeral Notice, Mar 1897 via Cambridge Library, http://cambridge.dlconsulting.com
[x] Burial Records Westmoreland NH Ashes to Ashes, Dust to Dust, Westmoreland Historical Society, 1989, 406 pages, p. 26 [Please note: the index in this book is incorrect, when it states page “28” it is actually p.26; also the index is extremely incomplete and does not include any index listings for pages 216-378];
[xi] 1860 US Census Westmoreland NH Larkin Baker
[xii] Marriage Record William A Baker & Cornelia D Cannon
[xiii] Military Record US Civil War William A. Baker Co.E, 39th, Massachusetts, National Archives & Record Administration
[xiv] Military Record US Civil War William A. Baker Co.E, 39th, Massachusetts, National Archives & Record Administration; Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the Civil War, GAR Dept of Massachusetts 1866-1947 by Sargent; The Thirty-ninth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, 1862-1865 by Alfred S. Roe. page 390; Letters to Eliza from a Union Soldier, 1862-1865 by George Fowle of the 39th Massachusetts Volunteers. Edited by Margery Greenleaf. Originally published in 1969 by the Follett Publishing Company; Historic Leaves, Volume 7 April, 1908 - January, 1909, Company E, 39th Massachusetts Infantry, in the Civil War; Somerville, Past and Present an illustrated historical souvenir by Edward Augustus Samuels, Henry Hastings Kimball see page 113-114; Company E, Thirty-Ninth Infantry in the Civil War by John H. Dusseault
[xv] 1860 US Census Somerville MA “Albert S. Baker” a27;
[xvi] Death Record John Cannon 6 Oct 1863 in Cambridge, MA, 53y 10m 10d, married, consumption, glass cutter, b. NY, f. Michael, mo. Ann, doesn’t say parents birth places original image via Massachusetts Deaths 1841-1915, New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org; Will of John Cannon-Middlesex Probate Court Record# 28763-vol 309-427;392-222;393-232 microfilm MA Archives Boston.
[xvii] Birth Record Kate M Baker 12 Sep 1864 dau of William and Cornelia, Machinist, b. Westmoreland, NH mo. B. Cambridge original image via Massachusetts Births 1841-1915, New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[xviii] 1865 Cambridge Directory “Baker, Wm A. machinist, h. fourth, cor. Spring”; 1866 Cambridge Directory William A. Baker, machinist, house 111 Cambridge St; 1868 Cambridge Directory, William A. Baker, machinist, bds Flander’s Exchange; 1869 Somerville Directory Baker, William (no A.) as a machinist, bds. Medford, cor. Greenville;
[xix] 1870 Cambridge Directory “Baker, William A. (W.A. Baker & Co.), machinist, 10 Gore”, also, “Baker, W. A. & Co., machinist, 10 Gore”;
[xx] 1871 Somerville Directory “Baker, William A. real estate broker, Union Square, house foot of Hamblet
[xxi] Birth Record George C Baker b. Sept 12 1871 in Somerville son of William A. & Cornelia, lived on Hamblet St., trader, f. b. Maine mo. b. Cambridge original image via Massachusetts Births 1841-1915, New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[xxii] Bankruptcy Case# 2549 - William A. Baker 1872-3, District of Massachusetts original available at the National Archives & Record Administration, Waltham, MA
[xxiii] Bankruptcy Case# 2549 - William A. Baker
[xxiv] Bankruptcy Case# 2549 - William A. Baker
[xxv] 1873 Somerville Directory: “Baker, William A. real estate broker, (B.) h. foot of Hamlet”
[xxvi] 1875 Somerville Directory “Baker, William A. liquors (42 Portland, B.), h. Hamlet”
[xxvii] Bankruptcy Case# 4465 - William A. Baker 1875, District of Massachusetts original available at the National Archives & Record Administration, Waltham, MA
[xxviii] Bankruptcy Case# 4465 - William A. Baker
[xxix] Middlesex County MA Registry of Deeds Indexes for Grantors & Grantees 1870-1880
[xxx] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 263-537 dated Apr 28 1876
[xxxi] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 518-263 dated Feb 11 1878
[xxxii] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 263-3 dated Jun 24 1878
[xxxiii] Bankruptcy Notice William Baker New-Hampshire Patriot (Concord, NH) Wednesday, September 4, 1878, Volume: LXX, Issue: 36, Page: 3
[xxxiv] Bankruptcy Case# 1216 - William A. Baker 1878, District of New Hampshire original available at the National Archives & Record Administration, Waltham, MA
[xxxv] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 266-19 dated 1 Jan 1879
[xxxvi] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 266-127 dated 13 Jan 1879
[xxxvii] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 266-130 dated 10 Feb 1879
[xxxviii] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 267-145 dated 28 Jul 1879
[xxxix] State of New Hampshire June Session Proceedings and Testimony report of the Judiciary Committee of the House; Investigations of Charges of Bribery of Members of the Legislature, New Hampshire General Court, House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, 462 pages, which can be found on google books. William’s case begins on page 25, and is sporadically mentioned throughout the book. The following summary of information is written from it. Reed’s testimony contains the bulk of the testimony, but is also followed by Sinclair, Jones & Woolley.
[xl] Will of Sarah Baker Cheshire County NH; Guardianship of Albert L. Baker Strafford County NH
[xli] Divorce Record of William A Baker & Cornelia D Baker
[xlii] Marriage Record William A Baker & Ellen S Horne
[xliii] 1879 Boston Directory
[xliv] 1886 Cambridge Directory; 1887 Cambridge Directory
[xlv] 1880 US Census Middleton NH
[xlvi] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 278-235-236
[xlvii] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 276-25; Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 276-263; Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 278-235-236
[xlviii] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 266-130 dated 10 Feb 1879
[xlix] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 267-145
[l] Death Record Cordelia A Baker
[li] Burial Record Cornelia Baker
[lii] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 278-303-304
[liii] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 278-303-304; Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 263-537; Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 276-257; Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 276-263; Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 278-235-236
[liv] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 278-320
[lv] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 284-260
[lvi] Middlesex County MA Registry of Deeds #1730-494 purchase; Middlesex County MA Registry of Deeds #1730-495 & Middlesex County MA Registry of Deeds #1730-498 are mortgages, plus there is one with Mary A. Horne Middlesex County MA Registry of Deeds #1785-158
[lvii] 1890 Cambridge Directory; 1892 Somerville Directory
[lviii] Journals of the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives Vol 2, 1887, available on google books for complete description of both bills, as well as many other books on the same subject and of railroads.
[lix] State of New Hampshire June Session
[lx] State of New Hampshire June Session
[lxi] History of Westmoreland (Great Meadow) New Hampshire– see Cobb Family
[lxii] Death Record William J Reed d: 14 Jun 1913 in Westmoreland, NH Parents – John Reed & Eunice Cobb New Hampshire Vital Record & Archives, Fruit St. Concord, NH
[lxiii] Marriage Record Charles Woolley & Emma L Schrepel 12 Jan 1893 Boston, MA, son of Aaron B. Wooley Semira, dau of Frank H. & Catherine via AmericanAncestors.org
[lxiv] History of Westmoreland (Great Meadow) New Hampshire– see Cobb Family
[lxv] Separate’s Support Ellen S Baker
[lxvi] 1890 Veteran Schedule Cambridge MA William Baker
[lxvii] Marriage Record William A Baker & Olive A Barnes
[lxviii] Marriage Record William A Baker & Olive A Barnes
[lxix] Boston Daily Advertiser - Bancroft Election [newspaper], Dec 13 1893, page 1 via GenealogyBank.com
[lxx] Middlesex County MA Registry of Deeds #2230-209; Middlesex County MA Registry of Deeds #2252-310 which discharges the mortgage from 1730-498 with Mary A. Horne.
[lxxi] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 267-145
[lxxii] Death Record Albert S Baker d. 15 Sep 1895 in Middleton, NH, 60y 11m 15d, b. Westmoreland, male, white, widowed, Farmer, Spinal Meningitis, burial Medford, f. Larkin Baker, mo. Celina Cobb, both born Westmoreland, occupation of father – judge, NHVRA, Fruit St. Concord, NH
[lxxiii] Annual Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Being the ... Annual Report Upon the Public Schools of New Hampshire (Google eBook), By New Hampshire. Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, 1890, pgs 251 & 257
[lxxiv] Lakes and Summer Resorts in New Hampshire (Google eBook) Ira C. Evans, Public Printer, 1892, pg 74; Report, Volume 20 (Google eBook) New Hampshire. Dept. of Agriculture, 1892, pg 223;
[lxxv] 1892 Atlas Map Middleton NH HistoricMapWorks.com
[lxxvi] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 309-233
[lxxvii] Strafford County NH Registry of Deeds 313-137
[lxxviii] Obituary William A Baker Boston Daily Advertiser Mar 24, 1897 Issue 71 pg 2; Boston Journal [newspaper] via GenealogyBank.com; Cambridge Chronicle Obituary & Funeral Notice, Mar 1897 via Cambridge Library, http://cambridge.dlconsulting.com
[lxxix] Burial Record William A. Baker Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA Martin Barnes Family Lot 2276 Willow Ave
[lxxx] Administration William A. Baker 1897 File# 44558, 1897, Supreme Judicial Court Archives, 3 Pemberton Square, 16th Floor, Boston, MA 02108
[lxxxi] Sale Personal Estate Ellen Baker Middlesex County Court, MA, 1904, Res: Somersworth, NH; 1904; Probate# 65859; Sale Personal Estate Foreign Administrator
[lxxxii] Administration Ellen S Baker Strafford County NH 1904 Baker, Ellen S, Somersworth #10817, 108-307, 120-250
[lxxxiii] 1898 Cambridge Directory; 1900 US Census Cambridge MA; 1920 US Census Malden MA; 1929 Malden MA Directory
[lxxxiv] Civil War and Later Veterans Pension Index Massachusetts Infantry, Regt 39, Company E, William A. Baker, 19 Jan 1864 Invalid Application No. 39.155, Certificate No. 35.510 Apr 3 1918, Widow Application No. 1.118.149 Certificate No. 868916 via Fold3.com
[lxxxv] Burial Record Esther Witham Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA Esther Witham Mar 20 1930 72y Martin Barnes Family Lot 2276 Willow Ave
[lxxxvi] 1930 US Census Danvers MA
[lxxxvii] 1940 US Census Danvers MA
[lxxxviii] Burial Record Olive Baker Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA Martin Barnes Family Lot 2276 Willow Ave
[lxxxix] Birth Record Kate M Baker 12 Sep 1864 dau of William and Cornelia, Machinist, b. Westmoreland, NH mo. B. Cambridge original image via Massachusetts Births 1841-1915, New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[xc] Record not found at NHVRA, Fruit St. Concord, NH; Birth Record Ella Emm Moulton b: 5 Mar 1883 in Wakefield, NH 1st child of Herman L. Moulton & Mabel K Baker of Wakefield, NH, mo b. Cambridge, a18 fa b. Wakefield, a23
[xci] Administration William A. Baker 1897
[xcii] Marriage Record Mabel Moulton & A W Reid both of West Derry, NH He was 29, Carpenter, b. Nova Scotia, 1st, She was 32 b. Cambridge, 2nd-divorced, intention Mar 12 1901, married same day, son of James Reid of Nova Scotia a81 Farmer b. Nova Scotia & Jerusha Hingly of Nova Scotia a70 b. Nova Scotia, dau of William A. Black of Westmoreland, NH a65 Contractor, b. West Newbury, NH & Cornelia of Cambridge, a60, b. Cambridge, [both of her parents were dead].
[xciii] Death Record Mabel Read Mabel (Baker) Read died 31 Jan 1911 in Salem, MA, a47y 4m 20d, dressmaker,Res. 4 Cabot St. b. 11 Sep 1863 married, b. Somerville, Parents: William A. Baker b. Keene, NH & Cornelia D. Cannon b. Somerville, MA, wife of Alick W. Read, informant George C. Baker of Medford, buried in Greenlawn [cemetery], chronic intestinal nephritis & cardiac dilation, via New England Historical & Genealogical Society AmericanAncestor.org
[xciv] Birth Record Ella Emm Moulton
[xcv] Marriage Record Ella E Moulton & Albert J Robertson 17 Oct 1906 in Union NH, recorded in Lynn, MA, He was 24, Grocer, b. Lynn, son of John M. Robertson & Cassie McPherson & lived at 551 Summer, She was 22, b. Union, NH, dau of Herman Moulton & Mabel Baker & lived at 5 Rockmere Ter, 1st both via New England Historical & Genealogical Society AmericanAncestor.org
[xcvi] Marriage Record Ella E Moulton & Frank L Kemp 16 Oct 1910, Salem, MA, He is 25, 1st, b. Providence, RI Clerk res. Somerville son of Abbott L. Kemp & Margaret Fraser, She is 27, 2nd Div., housekeeper of Salem, b. Union NH, dau of Herman L. Moulton & Mabel Baker via New England Historical & Genealogical Society AmericanAncestor.org
[xcvii] Birth Record of Josie May Baker Pocasset Cemetery, Cranston, RI Gravestone Sept 25 1866- Jun 19 1908 via FindaGrave.com w/ photo; 1900 US Census Lynn MA
[xcviii] Marriage Record Josie M Baker & Philip M Waldron int. Jan 28 1892 (FS), son of Alexander & Margaret, dau of William A. & Cornelia Feb 4 1892 in Cambridge, Ma via New England Historical & Genealogical Society AmericanAncestor.org
[xcix] Death Record Josie May (Baker) Waldron: Pocasset Cemetery, Cranston, RI Gravestone Sept 25 1866- Jun 19 1908 via FindaGrave.com w/ photo; Burial Record Josie May (Baker) Waldron Pocasset Cemetery, Cranston, RI Gravestone b. Sept 25 1866- d. Jun 19 1908 via FindaGrave.com w/ photo Rhode Island Deaths & Burials “Josie May Baker Waldron” d. Jun 19 1908 a41 married husb Philip M. Waldron, parents W.A. Baker & Cornelia Cannon Baker via FamilySearch.org [no image].
[c] Burial Record Josie May (Baker) Waldron
[ci] Military Record Philip Malcom Waldron Headstone Applications, via Ancestry.com; 1900 US Census Lynn MA;
[cii] Birth Record Margaret B Waldron b: Sep 1893 in Connecticut via 1900 US Census in Lynn MA
[ciii] Birth Record Marian Ruth Annie Waldron b: 19 Sep 1903 in Lynn, Ma, dau of Philip M. & Josie M. Baker, 73 Lexington, Iron Founder, b. NY, b. Cambridge via New England Historical & Genealogical Society AmericanAncestor.org
[civ] Death Record Marion A Waldron d: Mar 29 1904 in Lynn, MA, 73 Lexington St., 6m 10d, dau of Philip M. b. Saratoga, NY & Josephine Baker b. Cambridge, buried Pine Grove Cemetery Lynn, MA, acute Intestinal Indigestion via New England Historical & Genealogical Society AmericanAncestor.org
[cv] Birth Record Albert Larkin Baker b. 3 Jun 1868, Albert Baker, Male, son of “William A. and Ellen” of Somerville, Father was a machinist, b. NH, mother b. Cambridge via the New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[cvi] Marriage Record Albert Baker & Mabel Cole 5 Jul 1892, Manhattan NY - NYC Archives Certificate Number 8296
[cvii] Death Record Albert Baker obtained from the City of Medford in May 1999. Albert L. Baker d. 10 Oct 1941 at Malden Hospital of a Coronary Occlusion, 73yrs 4mo & 6 days, Mechanic, Edison Electric, b. Somerville, fa: William A. Baker b. New Hampshire, Conelia Devine b. Somerville, wife Mabel Baker, 19 St Mary St. Medford, MA, buried Oak Grove Cemetery, Medford, MA
[cviii] Burial Record Albert & Mabel Baker Oak Grove Cemetery Records, Medford, MA, in the Mystic Lawn section #L-1, 2, 3, 4
[cix] Birth Record Annie Mabel Cole Cambridge, Ma Feb 9 1874 dau of Arthur & Annie, fa Baker b. ME mo b. Mass via the New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[cx] Death Record Mabel A Baker Obtained from the City of Medford in May 1999 d. 12 Sep 1961 in Medford, MA of Cancer of the Bowel, 87yrs 7mo & 3 days [more on record]
[cxi] Burial Record Albert & Mabel Baker
[cxii] Birth Record William A Baker Jr b: 25 Dec 1870 in Somerville, MA, Highland Av, son of Wm A., Agent, b. NH & Caroline D. b. East Cambridge via the New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[cxiii] Marriage Record William Alson Baker Jr & Lalia Evelena Burgess 18 Jun 1902 in Cambridge, MA, He was 33, b. Somerville, clerk, and lived at 94 Magazine in Cambridge, MA, son of William A. Baker & Cornelia D. Cannon, dau of William [Burgess] & Mary J. Simonds, b. Nova Scotia, a35 via the New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[cxiv] Age calculated from Birth Record William A Baker Jr & Death Record Cordelia A Baker; Administration William A. Baker 1897
[cxv] Moore Baker was of no known relation, but he had a son named William A. Baker who died & it seems he probably took a liking to this William A. Baker, likely because of that. See Death of William A. Baker 14 Jan 1876 a35 son of Moore Baker & Cynthia via FamilySearch.org [no image]
[cxvi] Death Record William A Baker [Jr] California Death Index, 1940-1997, parents listed as Baker & Cannon; Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, Los Angeles County California, USA, Plot: Florentine Col. - Dahlia Terrace, GM, Lot 0, Space 8409 - via FindaGrave.com with Image
[cxvii] Birth Record Phyllis Baker b. Oct 29 1904 in Portsmouth, NH Father William A. Baker b. Somerville MA & Lalia Burgess b. Nova Scotia via New Hampshire, Births and Christenings on FamilySearch.org, no image
[cxviii] Death Record Phyllis Baker Evalenko b. Oct 29 1904 in NH d. Mar 5 1990 in Riverside via California Death Index 1940-1997 on Ancestry.com, no image; Phyllis Evalenko b. Oct 29 1904 d. Mar 5 1900 Enlistment date Feb 19 1945 Release Oct 25 1945 via US Dept of Veterans Affairs BIRLS Death File, 1850-2010 on Ancestry.com
[cxix] 1910 US Census Carson City NV; 1920 US Census Los Angeles CA; 1930 US Census Los Angeles CA; 1940 US Census Los Angeles CA
[cxx] Birth Record George C Baker b. Sept 12 1871 in Somerville son of William A. & Cornelia, lived on Hamblet St., trader, f. b. Maine mo. b. Cambridge original image via Massachusetts Births 1841-1915, New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[cxxi] Marriage Record George Clinton Baker & Annie Elizabeth Morrison m: Dec 11 1895 in Cambridge, MA, parents: William A. & Cornelia D., a23, She was 26 [more on record] via the New England Historical Genealogical Society Website, AmericanAncestors.org
[cxxii] 1910 US Census in Boston Ward 10 indexed as “George C Zaker” on Ancestry.com but it clearly says Baker. He is married but a lodger with DeVoto
[cxxiii] Burial Record George C Baker Pocassett Cemetery, Cranston, RI, photo of gravestone with sister Josie Waldron via FindaGrave.com
[cxxiv] Birth Record Cornelia D Baker b. Sep 3 1896 in Salem, MA, dau of George C. & Annie Morrison, stockbroker b: NH Mo b. NS via FamilySearch.org
[cxxv] Marriage Record Cornelia Devine Baker & Jason Lester Russell Jul 1 1916 Somerville, Ma, Recorded in Wakefield, MA where she resided, dau of George C. Baker & Annie E. Ormerston [more on record] via Massachusetts State Vital Records 1841-1920 via FamilySearch.org
[cxxvi] 1920 Census Somerville MA; 1930 US Census Saugus MA
[cxxvii] Birth Record Mabrey Inez Baker b: Mar 24 1899 in Cambridge, MA, parents George & Annie Ormiston, 195 Harvard, broker, b: Somerville, b. NS via Massachusetts Births 1841-1915 via FamilySearch.org
[cxxviii] Name based on son’s name via the 1940 US Census Florham Park NJ; No marriage found yet
[cxxix] 1940 US Census Florham Park NJ
[cxxx] 1940 US Census Florham Park NJ
Copyright Amylynne Murphy, NewEnglandGenealogist.com 2017
The only information known of the parents of John Cannon, Daguerreotypist & Glass Cutter of Cambridge, MA is that according to his death record in Cambridge, MA, he was born Nov 26, 1809 [Calculated date] in New York, son of Michael Cannon & Ann, presumably of New York at some point (NEHGS). Further it states he was 53y10m10d; married; Consumption; Glass Cutter; No birthplaces listed for parents; buried in Cambridge Cemetery.
We cannot say at this point if the parents listed are accurate. We also cannot say if they are accurate, specifically who this Michael & Ann Cannon are. Below is simply a collection of notes to consider in the search.
o Ann 56 a1794 B: Ireland
o Thomas 16 a1834 B: Ireland Irone cutter?
o Matthew 14 a1836 B: Ireland
There are others in NC & IL
Additional Hints – if we consider the possibility that the parents noted on his death record are incorrect…….
Mrs John Cannon, widow, is listed at the same address at 111 Cambridge St in the 1865-67 Directories, and on the 1865 Massachusetts State Census detailed below but in 1868 she is listed on Harvard corner of Chestnut.
1865 Massachusetts State Census Cambridge, MA
Cornelia a52 NY Widow
Hannah S. a27 MA Milliner
Mary E. a21 MA School Teacher
John a17 MA apprentice
George a14 MA
Anthony Hardy a35 England (boarder?) Machinist
Cornelia Cannon, widow of John Est. sells the family home at 111 Cambridge St Cambridge, Ma to Robert Gould of Hull July 12 1866 Deed #975-49 for 1950.00. The description is almost same description as is on the purchase deed except she states “northerly by land now or late of Mrs Heniston” & easterly by land of of Fay” “Being the same land conveyed to John Cannon by George Mallard by deed dated Jun 11 1847” #520-401. The property was left to Cornelia in her husband’s will.
John Cannon a22 Paper Agent Personal Estate 500 all b. MA m: in Feb
Florence Cannon a19 Keeps House
George Cannon a18 Upolsterer
Cornelia Cannon a57 No occ
In 1870 Cornelia lives in Somerville with her son John & his new wife Florence. The 1871 Somerville directory lists Cornelia widow of John - Somerville Cross; n. Cross St Pl and in 1873 & 1874 it says Cornelia widow of John Somerville h. Putnam n. Highland Ave. 1875 lists Cornelia widow of John Cambridge 53 Mt Auburn. This is near the fork of Bow & Mt Auburn looks like the Harvard Lampoon Bldg or the building before that. 1876 lists Cornelia widow of John Cambridge 3 Simond’s Block; This is off Mt Auburn, corner of Grant & Dewolf and is still standing 2013.
The Cambridge Chronicle Nov 11 1876 shows she is a Magnetic Physician and she remains in business there until late 1879 when the last ad was found for her in the Cambridge Chronicle Dec 23. The 1878 Directory shows Cornelia widow of John Cambridge House 912 Main. This was apparently “The Holmes Estate” at the intersection of Harvard St, Bow St & Main; now Mass Ave; Bow & Harvard – I think it’s about 4 Bow St where Dunkin’s is.
The 1880 & 1882 Directories shows Cornelia widow of John Cambridge; Seamstress; Main St (912), and the 1880 US Census in Cambridge shows Cornelia is a seamstress and her sister Catherine Divine who is a store clerk is living with her.
From 1883-4 Cornelia Cannon is not found in the Boston area directories but her sister Catherine Devine is listed at 110 Hancock in Cambridge. I suspect she has gone to be at her daughter Cornelia Baker’s side in Middleton/Wakefield, NH. Cornelia Baker had divorced my 2x great grandfather on Sep 20 1882 because he apparently beat her severely & regularly in addition to having an affair with Ellen S. Horne. This is all confirmed through their divorce papers in Strafford County, NH. Two short years later, on Sep 4 1884 Cornelia Baker died in Wakefield, NH and Cornelia Cannon is back listed in the 1885 Somerville Directory again where she lives at Highland Ave opp Sycamore. 1890-97 she is listed at 134 Highland Ave, presumably all this time with her daughter Hannah S. Brine & her family where they are all listed as follows in 1900.
1900 Somerville Highland Ave
William H. Brine b: Sept 1841 Dry good Merchant (Brine & Norcross)
Hannah S. Brine b: Nov 1837 8ch/6lv married 35y
Ellen F Brine b: Oct 1867
William P Brine b: Dec 1875 Law student
Alfred J. Brine b: Oct 1878
Francis J. b: Jan 1880
Cornelia Cannon b: Aug 1813 wd 7ch/3lv F: IRELAND m: NY
Mary A. Driscoll b: Mar 1875 Ireland Servant
Mrs Cornelia Cannon died Somerville June 10, 1903[i] lived & died at 134 Highland b: NY,NY; widow of John; F: James Devine b: NY,NY M: Mary Rice b: NY,NY Buried in Cambridge Cemetery; died of Bronchitis; was sick for 3mo; 89yrs;9mo;11days, Burial Cambridge Cemetery. She had lived through the deaths of her husband (1863), her mother (1853), both her daughters named Cornelia (1837 & 1882), & sons Jeheil (1834), Clinton (1861) & John (1900), son-in-law William H. Brine (1902) & former son-in-law William A. Baker (1897), as well as her sister (1901) whose record is as follows: Aug 17 1901 Catherine Divine dies: 85y9m17d of Breast Cancer – lived & died at 52 Prescott St. Somerville b: NY NY; father listed James Divine; mother Mary Ryer Both born in NY, NY. She is buried in the Cannon plot in Cambridge Cemetery.
Children of John & Cornelia (Devine) Cannon:
1. Cordelia Ann Cannon was born about Mar 1832 and died 5yrs 6mo on Sep 12 1837, buried
Sep 13 1837. No parents listed in Cambridge Vital Records to 1850 & was recorded by
the Episcopal Christ Church in Cambridge[ii]. She is buried in the family plot at Cambridge
Cemetery, across from the Firefighter’s Monument.
2. Jekiel Cannon born abt April 1834 and died Nov 7, 1834 age 7mo. & is recorded by the
Episcopal Christ Church in Cambridge/Cambridge Vital Records to 1850[iii]. No parents
listed on death and no birth found, but he is buried in the family plot Cambridge
Cemetery, across from the Firefighter’s Monument..
3. Clinton Cannon born about 1836 and died Feb 3 1861. He was a carver in 1855 & seaman on
The 1860 census with his parents. No birth, marriage, death or children found. He is also
in the family plot at Cambridge Cemetery, across from the Firefighter’s Monument..
4. Hannah Southwick[iv] Cannon born Nov 30 1837 (calc-death). Can’t find birth record.
She married William Henry Brine Sept 26, 1865[v] who was
partner in the large store Brine & Norcross. He was born Sept 23, 1841 and died
July 21, 1902 – Chronic Nephritic and is in Cambridge Cemetery. They resided in
Somerville, Ma. She died Dec 28, 1908[vi] and is also buried in Cambridge
Cemetery, across from the Firefighter’s Monument.
Children of William & Hannah:
1. Henry Clinton Brine born Jun 1867 (Somerville -1880; 1900, 1910, 1920 wife
“Grace”, 1930 wife “Frances” & 1940). He married Frances Barden
on July 17, 1889 (FSR).
1. William H Brine born about Oct 2 1896 & died July
21, 1897 9m19d of Cholera Infantum
2. Helen S. Brine b. July 1890 (1900-1940)
3. Paul B. Brine b. Feb 1893 (1900-1920)
4. Madeline Brine b. Mar 1898 (1900, 1910, 1920, 1930)
2. Frederick Brine born Apr 7 1870 Somerville (FSR); died Apr 12 1872 2y5d of
Diptheria Cambridge Cemetery-not marked
3. Ellen “Nellie” F. Brine b. Oct 11 1867 Belmont (1900; FSR) died Feb 18
1948 Cambridge Cemetery age 80
4. Blanche M. Brine born Feb 16, 1872 Somerville (FSR) and died Apr 2 1931
age 59y1m,17d Cambridge Cemetery
5. Isabella Brine b. 1874 died March 27 1876 2y 19d Somerville of Scarlet
6. William Percival Brine born about Jan 20 1875 (1900;FSR) and died May
20, 1921 age 46y, 4m. He is also buried in Cambridge Cemetery. He became
a lawyer Feb 17, 1905[vii].
7. Alfred J. Brine b. Oct 1878 (1900)
8. Francis J. Brine born Jun 29, 1880 Somerville (1900; FSR) and died Sept 2,
1959 age 79y7m4d (FSR Cambridge Cemetery). He married Marion Adeline
Plato on Jun 29 1910 in LeGrange, Illinois (FSR). She died Sept 24, 1951
64y1m28d Cambridge Cemetery.
Francis J & Marion had:
1. William F. Brine b. Oct 23 1911 d. Jun 26 1988 (FSR, 1920;
2. Francis J. Brine Jr. Died Feb 5 1986 69y Cambridge
3. Donald H. Brine b: July 11, 1925; died Feb 13, 1973
47y7m2d Cambridge Cemetery
4. Marie L. Brine born in Somerville and died Oct 22,
2007 in Cambridge age 89. She is buried in the
family plot in Camb. Cem. She was the aunt of Wm
F. Jr of Waretown, NY, Joanne Brine of Lynn, Marion
Brine Oates of Brighton, Patricia a. Centretta of
Harwich and Donna M Warner of Waltham and great
aunt of 13 nieces and nephews. She was a retired
secretary from Mitre Corporation.
5. Cornelia Devine Cannon b: a1842-3 m: William A Baker in Cambridge, MA Aug 9 1862[viii]
d: Sept 7 1884 in Wakefield, NH[ix] - more will follow on her in a later BAKER post. If you have further questions before then please email me at Info@NHGenealogist.com
6. Mary “Emma” Cannon was born April 17 1844 via Cambridge Records. Her father listed as
glass cutter and Cambridge was informed of the birth by school committee[x].
She was a teacher as noted on the 1865 Mass Census & in Sept 1864 of the Cambridge
Chronicle it shows she was confirmed as Assistant in the Otis Primary School; Jul 28 1866
Cambridge Chronicle she was still a teacher there. Mar 7 1868 Cambridge Chronicle
Gannett Primary School where Mary was now a Co-Principal burns down.
She married Gustavus Clark. The marriage is recorded in both Cambridge & Belmont[xi] &
there is a newspaper announcement in the Aug 1868 Cambridge Chronicle
which states “In Belmont, (Aug) 26th ult., by Rev J. F. Powers, Mr. Gustavus A. Clark of Glen
to Miss M. Emma Cannon of this city” He was the son of Allen Clark b. Boston & Ann Grant
Emery b. Hampden, ME Gus was b. Apr 16 1830 in Bangor, ME. She died in 1922 according
to the Mass Death Index[xii]. He died Jul 20 1917 a87 in Somerville, MA & is buried in
Woodlawn Cemetery, Everett, MA
Their children were:
1. Mary Edith Clark born about May 15, 1870 & died Dec 15, 1870 7m of
Erysifalas? Cambridge Cemetery- not marked
2. Bertha E. Clark b. 1871 d. after 1930 (not married in 1920)
3. Arthur S. Clark b. Jun 17 1873 Somerville d. after 1920 (not married in 1920)
4. Mary Ellery Clark b. Apr 7 1875 Auburndale, MA (FSR) d. bef 1800
5. Albert M. Clark Nov 17 1875 d. aft 1920 (not married in 1920)
6. Cornelia Ethel Clark b. Sep 26 1877 Somerville m: Clarence Ellsworth Baker son
of Eleazer H. Baker & Lena A. Freeman on Sept 4 1901 in Somerville, MA
d. after 1930. Cornelia & Clarence had:
1. Howard A Baker b. 1907
2. Philip E. Baker b. 1908
3. Irving E. Baker b. 1912
7. Edward I. Clark born about May 19 1879 & died May 1, 1881 of Scarlett
Fever – no birth record found Cambridge Cemetery – not marked
8. Howard F. Clark b. Feb 1 1881 Somerville d. after 1900
9. Ralph W Clark born about Jan 25,1884 & died Nov 11 1884 in Somerville 9m17d
Cerebral Menengitis Cambridge Cemetery-not marked
10. William Allen Clark b. Jan 9 1886 married Catherine Maud Johnson
on Jun 12 1909 (FSR). M: 2nd Marie bef 1830 (1930 & 40 Cambridge;
WWII Reg). He died Sept 1966 in Braintree, MA (SSDI) Registered for
WW I & II. William & Catherine had:
1. Ralph A. Clark b. 1911 (1920)
William & Marie had:
2. June M. Clark b. 1926 Massachusetts (1930)
3. William R. Clark b. 1929 Massachusetts (1930)
7. John Hobs[xiii] Cannon born Oct 5 1848- Cambridge records[xiv]. Married Florence “Julia”
Harmon b. Jan 1851 on Feb 22, 1870; He was from Somerville; she was from Cambridge; He
was 21 and she was 19; He was a travelling agent; she was the dau of Eltoner? & Eliz.[xv]
They removed to Dallas Iowa by 1880. On the 1885 & 1895 Iowa State Census’ available on
FamilySearch.org, they still reside in Dallas, Iowa. John was a Butcher in 1885 but by 1895 he
was involved with his son Clinton in well drilling. John died Mar 31 1900 in Dallas Iowa and
was buried in the Masonic Cemetery[xvi]. Julia & 4 children (7ch/5lv) are still in Dallas on the
1900 Census, but in 1910 Julia (7ch/5lv) & 3 children plus a grand-daughter & her brother Harry F. Harmon a53 are in Oakland, CA. She may have died before 1920.
Their children were:
1. Eddie Cannon born Nov 22, 1870 died Nov 25 1870 of a hemmorage in MA
Cambridge Cemetery- not marked
2. George “Clinton” Cannon b. May 28 1873 in Cambridge, MA (FSR) m: Silvia
May Loper Sep 18 1895 in Dallas, Iowa, dau of William Loper & Sarah Elizabeth
Hoeye. (FSR) He died after 1930 when he is listed with his wife in Fresno CA.
1900 Dallas, IA; 1910 not found; 1917-8 WWI Reg Fresno, CA; 1920 Fresno CA
1. Ernest/Arnest Cannon b. 1892 Dallas, IA not
married as of 1930
2. Thelma Cannon b. 1903 Iowa
3. Clinton Cannon b. 1905 California
3. Frank Arnest Cannon born Jul 13 1875 Cambridge, MA [Los
Angeles 1930 unmarried] d. Aug 13 1953 Los Angeles, CA (CA Death Index)
4. Cornelia Elizabeth “Lizzie” Cannon born about 1878 Dallas, Iowa m: ____
Price d. aft 1910 where she is listed with 0ch/0lv.
5. Merrion/Maran E. Cannon born Feb 1880 b. Dallas, Iowa d. after 1900 m: William
Battenhouse lived in Oakland in 1920
6. John/Jack Stora Cannon born Jul 13 1882 Dallas, Iowa d. after 1920 when he is
listed with his sister Marion Battenhouse in Oakland, CA [1910 w/ mother].
He died on his birthday Jul 13 1947 in Alemeda County, CA (California Death
7. Gladys M. Cannon born Jan 1897 Dallas Iowa d. after 1910 On the 1900 Census
She is listed as a daughter, but on the 1910 Census she is listed as a grand-
daughter with the last name Mortimer - so I am not sure who she belongs to, but
I’m thinking she must be Marion’s daughter (if not Julia’s) because we can be
pretty sure Cornelia/Lizzie is not her mother.
8. George Cannon born about (Mar 1851 c1900) 1853[xvii] married Susan E.
Fuzzard b. Jan 19 1856 on Nov 8 1876 in Chelsea, he is age 29 and she is 25[xviii]. Removed to Malden, Ma before 1880, then later back to Chelsea. George & his family were left homeless with nearly 20,000 others in a huge Chelsea fire bef Apr 13 1908, see GenealogyBank.com. They rented a home on Bloomingdale St & still lived there in 1910. By 1920 they removed to Boston & both died after that. He possibly died 1929 in Boston, MA[xix] , & she 1922[xx].
Their children were:
1. Bertie Cannon born June 15, 1872 and died June 15, 1872 3 hours
old, born premature. Records say John and Susan but this is not
right (FSR). Father listed as a teamster. Cambridge Cemetery – not marked
2. Lottie Elizabeth Cannon born about Aug 21 1877 in Chelsea (FSR), not married as
of 1920, 1935 Resided Dorchester, MA per 1940 Census in Raleigh, NC with
sister Josephine Wyman d. Mar 13 1955 Raleigh, NC a77 (FSR)
3. Alice Ardell Cannon b. Mar 30 1883, Boston, MA (FSR) m: Ralph Presby
Lane Sep 19 1906 Boston, MA (FSR), & there is a wedding description at her
parent’s home on GenealogyBank.com., both died after 1940 Boston, MA
1. Dorothy M. Lane b. 1908 Massachusetts (Lottie
4. Josephine Fuzzard Cannon b: Aug 28 1890, Chelsea, MA (FSR) m: Lenthall
Wyman son of Louis & Annie b. Dec 20 1888 Massachusetts d. Mar 27 196
Raleigh, NC. 1910 Boston; They married Apr 20 1917 in Missoula County,
Montana; Reg WWI in Montana; 1920 Bryan, TX- no kids yet, He is a
teacher for a college; 1930 Kingsley, FL- 1 ch Ruth; 1940 Raleigh, NC
1 child Ruth, He rec’d a Master’s Degree from Harvard in 1914 per 1954
National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel (FSR). Josephine
died Mar 1974 in Virginia.
1. Ruth Wyman b. 1924-5 b: Florida
Sources are embedded unless otherwise noted below
(year=Census) (FSR=FamilySearch.org Records)
[i] Cornelia (Devine) Cannon’s Death – NEHGS – Mrs Cornelia Cannon died Somerville June 10, 1903 lived & died at 134 Highland b: NY,NY; widow of John; F: James Devine b: NY,NY M: Mary Rice b: NY,NY Buried in Cambridge Cemetery; died of Bronchitis; was sick for 3mo; 89yrs;9mo;11days, Burial Cambridge Cemetery.
[ii] Cornelia Ann Death – NEHGS – Cambridge Vital Records to 1850 – coding reflects Episcopal Christ Church in Cambridge, no parents listed
[iii] Jekeil Cannon Death - NEHGS – Cambridge Vital Records to 1850 – coding reflects Episcopal Christ Church in Cambridge, no parents listed
[iv] Hannah’s middle name “Southwick” - Harvard College Class of 1898 Quindecennial Report By Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1898, pg 358, google books; Boston of To-day: A Glance at Its History and Characteristics. Edited by Edwin Monroe Bacon (1892) google books
[v] Hannah S. Cannon Marriage – NEHGS – Cambridge, MA Sept 26 1865 a27 b. Cambridge dau of John & Cornelia to William H. Brine a24 Merchant b. Boston son of Robert Jr & Ellen A.; no birthplaces for either set of parents.
[vi] Hannah S. Brine Death – NEHGS – Somerville, MA Dec 28 1908, 49 Laurel St., Somerville, MA 71y 28d, born Cambridge, female, white, widowed sick with heart disease since 1906, secondary Apoplexy (21 days), Dr. Wm A. Bell of 26 Bow St Somerville, Husband William H. Brine, Father John Cannon b. Ireland, mother Cornelia Devine b. NY, NY, informant Francis Brine, buried Dec 31 1908 Cambridge Cemetery Cambridge, MA, undertaker John S. Mcgowan, 11 Stone Ave., Somerville
[vii] Harvard College Class of 1898 Quindecennial Report By Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1898, pg 358, google books
[viii] Cornelia D. Cannon Marriage– NEHGS – Aug 9, 1862 Cambridge, MA Cornelia D. Cannon of Cambridge a20 b. Cambridge to William A. Baker of Somerville a25 Attendant b. Westmoreland, NH, no parents listed for either 1st both, A A. Messier, Clergyman
[ix] Cornelia D. (Cannon) Baker’s death – NHVR - New Hampshire Vital Records, Death Record for “Cordelia A. Baker” in Wakefield, NH Sept 7, 1884, a41, record states she was still married, inflammation of bowels, no parents or husband named; Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA Records shows a41, unmarked.
[x] Mary Emma Cannon’s Birth– NEHGS – Cambridge Vital Records to 1850 Book “Cannon, Mary E. d. of John & Cornelia Apr 17 1844”; On FSR there is also a different record with an image which states the above but also states, John was a glass cutter & the Town of Cambridge was notified by the School Committee.
[xi] Mary Emma Cannon’s Marriage– FSR – Belmont- 1868 Aug 26th [crossed out] Gustavus A. Clark of Glenburn a30[crossed out] Clerk “page 6th”, b. Bangor, ME[crossed out] son of Allen & Ann to M. Emma Cannon of Cambridge, a24 [crossed out] b. Cambridge [crossed out] dau of John & Cornelia 1st both [crossed out], by N.F. Powers, minister; Cambridge – exact same as Belmont but nothing crossed out
[xii] Emma (Cannon) Clark’s Death – 1922 per the Massachusetts Death Index on ancestry.com
[xiii] John’s middle name “Hobs” – see birth of John Stora Cannon, FamilySearch.org, Dallas Center, Dallas, Iowa
[xiv] John Cannon Birth– NEHGS – Cambridge Records to 1850 “Cannon, John, s. of John & Cornelia Oct 5 1848”
[xv] John H. Cannon Marriage– FSR – Feb 22 1870 John H. Cannon of Somervillea21 Travelling Agent b. E. Cambridge, son John & Cornelia to Florence J. Harmon of Charlestown a19 b. Somerville dau of E. Storer Harmon & Elizabeth, 1st both, Rev B. K. Russ of Somerville
[xvi] John H. Cannon’s Cemetery record “J.H. Cannon, b. Oct 6 1848, d. Mar 31 1900” http://iagenweb.org/dallas/cemetery/Masonic.htm
[xvii] George Cannon’s Birth – FSR – Mar 2 1851, son of John & Cordelia of Cambridge, fa: Artist, both born NYC
[xviii] George Cannon’s Marriage – FSR- Nov 8th George Cannon of Andover b. E. Cambridge a25 Upolsterer son of John & Cornelia to Susan E. Fuzzard of Chelsea a20 b. Chelsea dau of William & Susan, 1st both, by F. K. Stratton, Meth Minister, Chelsea
[xix] George Cannon Death 1929 Boston per the Massachusetts Death Index on ancestry.com
[xx] Susan Cannon Death 1922 Boston per the Massachusetts Death Index on ancestry.com
The Cannon & Brine Family Plot,
Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA
- across from the Firefighter's Monument
My 2x great grandmother in my Baker line was Cornelia D. Cannon. Her father was John Cannon, Daguerreotypist & Glass Cutter of Cambridge, MA. According to his death record in Cambridge, MA, he was born Nov 26, 1809 in New York City, son of Michael Cannon & Ann of New York City[i]. He married Cornelia Devine/Divine who according to her death in Somerville, MA was born Aug 30, 1813 in NY, daughter of James Devine & Mary Rice/Ryer of New York. He died on Oct 6, 1863 of consumption and she died June 10, 1903 in Somerville, MA of Bronchitis. Their graves can be found in the Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA across from the Firefighters Memorial.
John & Cornelia’s marriage record has not been found and therefore the date & place are unknown, but it was probably about or before 1831 since their oldest known child, Jeheil/Jekeil was born about Mar 12 1832. A record for the birth of this child has not been found, we know only from his death & burial in November 1834that he was their son & this is the earliest evidence of them being in Boston. My best guess would have to be that they arrived in the Boston area between 1832 - Nov 1834, but it may have been earlier. Apparently they were attending the Episcopal Christ Church in 1834-37, as that is where two of their children’s deaths are noted as originating from there in the 1850 Vital statistics. However, the Episcopal Church Records available at Houghton Library, Harvard do not show any reference at all to any Cannons from 1830-1845.
The first known record of John as a Glass Cutter is in 1839 at the age of 30 when he purchases property outline below. It seems likely he would have been quite skilled by then perhaps apprenticed in New York City between the years of 1825-1830 when he would have been 15-21 years of age. It is very possible John was of Irish descent and learned the trade of glass cutting that way, but it is unknown. Not much can be ascertained about his parents or siblings except one record, John’s death which shows Michael and Ann of New York City as his parents. (Another blog post will follow in Dec 21 2013 detailing hints for them.)
Probably the most famous cut glass has long been known as Waterford Crystal which was named after its home town of Waterford, Ireland. More information on Waterford Crystal can be found here: http://www.waterfordvisitorcentre.com/Press/Fact_Sheets/History_of_Waterford_Crystal
New York City has had a long history of glass making back to 1640, but glass cutting was another thing entirely. We are looking for a much later time frame than the American Brilliant Period cut glass which was much later in the century. The time period we are looking for is from about 1820, or the end of the “Early Period” of cut glass through the first half of the “Middle Period” which begins in 1830. From what I have found there are at least a few possibilities where John may have trained as a cutter in NYC from 1825-1830. The New York Glass Works which was on 47th St 1820-1840 was co-founded by John L. Gilliland who left in 1823 to start the Brooklyn Flint Glass Works. Other glass companies in NYC include Jackson & Baggott, and J.Stouvenel & Company, but I have not really been able to pin down an establishment date for either of them.
I further suspect but cannot prove that John worked for the New England Glass Company, founded in 1818 by Amos Binney, Edmund Munroe, Daniel Hastings, and Deming Jarves upon arriving in Cambridge. It was definitely the most prominent glass works in the local area in 1830-34. An excellent book on the subject is Cambridge Glass 1818-1888, The Story of The New England Glass Company by Lura Woodside Watkins. [c1851] Cambridge Glass 1818-1888, The Story of The New England Glass Company
by Lura Woodside Watkins, p. 24-25 states “The cutting room was 270 feet in length
and contained eighty frames for cutting, polishing, and engraving glass. This
department gave employment to about ninety men.”
The author also reports that in 1823, between the “glass house, cutting house & other departments, 140 workmen were constantly employed. Every week more than ten tons of glassware, much of it beautifully cut, was sent to Boston and other places” [p. 14]. In 1837 “the statistical tables for this year show that the two glass factories in East Cambridge (presumably the New England & the New England Glass Bottle Co.) were making glass to the amount of $453,076 annually. The capital invested was 450,000 and 290 hands were employed.” [p. 16]. By 1851 “It was said to be the largest glass manufactory in the world” and 450 workmen were employed by the company. The list of workmen known to have worked at the New England Glass Company prior to 1855 on pages 173-4 unfortunately does not name John Cannon, but it is not a very complete list at all and only contains 37 names.
John must have been doing ok for himself when he entered into a partnership to own land with George C. Perry in 1839, but it seems it only lasted a few months as John quitclaimed out of it a few short months later. Perhaps it had been a temporary arrangement in the first place. We will likely never know. I also have no idea what the connection, if any other than partners in property, was between these two men. I could not find any definitive records for Perry.
Property #1: Corner of Thorndike & Third St., Lechmere Point, Cambridge, Middlesex, MA:
John Cannon & George C. Perry, both Glass Cutters of Cambridge, Apr 1 1839 by Redford Morse, Pump & Blockmaker, 1300.00 Deed# 382-7 “A certain lot of land with the buildings thereon, situated at Lechmere Point, in Cambridge” “Beginning at a point on the southerly side of Thorndike street, three hundred feet easterly of South Third street, and running westerly on said Thorndike street thirty feet, thence turning at right angles and running southerly to land on which my shop is situated sixty one feet, and six inches, to the point of the beginning; together with the privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging.”
John Cannon & al to R. Morse Apr 12 1839 Deed# 383-40 Mortgage – 1100.00 – 1/5 in one year; 1/5 in two years; 1/5 in 3 yrs; 1/5 in four years & the remaining 1/5 in five yrs with interest. Signed by George C. Perry & his wife Margaret Perry as well as John Cannon & his wife Cornelia Cannon. Apr 1 1839. Mortgage cancelled & discharged Feb 13 1851 by a conveyance from George C Perry to said Redford Morse, recorded book 391-22. Rhoda Morse Executrix & grantee under the will of Redford Morse.
John Cannon to G.C Perry July 15 1839 Deed# 385-286 Quitclaim 200.00 –all my right & interest gained through deed 382-7– same description. Cornelia also agrees.
Lechmere Point in Cambridge is not only where the New England Glass Company was located, but also where the British landed Apr 19 1775 - http://cambridgehistory.org/discover/Cambridge-Revolution/Lechmere%20Point.html
John is not recorded in the Boston Directories from 1831-41, and it does seems there is a Cambridge directory for that time period, but they are on the census in Cambridge in 1840. Cornelia Devine’s mother, Mary Devine is presumably with them. Mary can be found noted in the records as being accepted as a Second Baptist Church Member in 1841. (http://dunhamwilcox.net/ma/cambridg_ma_2bapt_ch.htm) The church was established in 1837 and still stands on the corner of Cambridge St & Sciarappa St. but is now named St. Francis. It is on the same block where John Cannon’s later home stood between Third & & 4th (now Scairappa St.) on Cambridge St. Her sister Catherine is also noted as becoming a member of the church in 1842, no Cannons are listed. Catherine is shown living with them as early as 1855, but not 1850. The death of their mother occurs Sept 15 1853 of Dysentery in Cambridge 63y8m17d and is record there as well. It also states she was a widow, b. NY, no parents or maiden name listed. She is buried in the family plot in Cambridge as well.
John is listed as a glass cutter on his daughter Mary Emma’s birth record in 1844, but in the 1845 Boston Directory he is listed as having daguerreotype rooms, Court c. Sudbury. The 1846 Boston Directory lists him at 190 Washington & the 1874 Atlas Plate G & I shows it near Ordway Place. The building doesn’t seem to be there anymore & is replaced with a huge parking garage; it was at the corner of Washington & Franklin. The 1847 & 1848 Boston Directories list 139 Washington. The 1874 Atlas Plate G shows that address across from the Old South Church. It is no longer there & was recently or is now the location of a Borders Bookstore & next to the Bank of America ATM. The 1848 Cambridge Directory lists him as a “daguerreotypist, house. Cambridge St.” A Daguerreotype was an early photograph, first developed by Daguerre in Jan 1839. For more information on Daguerrotypes vist this link : http://daguerre.org/resource/history/history.html
Three Frames of Daguerreotypes by John Cannon of Boston were exhibited in The Fifth Exhibition of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, at Faneuil and Quincy Halls, in the City of Boston, September, 1847. He is shown in the Photographs Exhibition Catalogs, 1876 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index, Boston: Published by Dutton and Wentworth, for the Association Control number: AECI 03640070, entry no. 1027 Secondrate. [P. 28.], available via the Smithsonian
In addition, the following earlier listing for Keene and Cannon, may or may not be our John with Peter Keene in Salem, MA. It could just as well be Marsena Cannon, one of John’s competitors in the Boston area until he removed to Utah c1850. Not much is known of Peter Keene except in the 1842 Directory of Salem, MA it lists Peter E. Keene, Photographic Institute, 150 Essex, h. 10 River, and previous to that he appears to have been in Danvers during the 1840 US Census.
That catalog entry states:
Four Daguerreotype Miniatures. No. 5, (photograph)
Via Smithsonian- http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=record_ID:siris_aeci_74063
Artist: Keene and Cannon – Subject: Unidentified Medium:Daguerreotype/miniature
Type: Photographs Miniatures Exhibition Catalogs Date: 1876 [of publication?] Topic: Portrait--Miniature
Control number: AECI 03590071 Notes: Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. 541
The Third Exhibition of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, at Quincy Hall, in the City of Boston, September 20, 1841. Boston: Press of T.R. Marvin, 24 Congress Street. 1841 Artist address: Salem, Massachusetts Data Source: Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index;
John & Cornelia’s son John H. Cannon was born Oct 5 1848 in Cambridge and on that record he is also listed as a daguerreotypist. The 1849 Boston Directory lists J. Cannon, under Daguerreotypists, 99 Court, pg 117, and an advertisement for his business can be found in the Cambridge Chronicle on May 10, 1849 which shows his address as “Blanchard’s Buildings, Court street, A few doors from Hanover street, (up stairs)”. The exact same ad runs again on Jun 28 1849 in the same paper. This location was near the intersection of what once was the intersection of Court St. Hanover St & Sudbury St 1874 Atlas Map H – probably the same location as listed in 1845 as “Court c. Sudbury” – it’s sort of near Boston Common – I think it could be the intersection of what now is Tremont. A Nov 1849 ad places him over Wheeler’s Dry Goods which was located at 98 Cambridge St. East Cambridge & personally he is also listed on Cambridge St. in the Directory. This was very near where the family home purchased in 1847 was. That address being 111 Cambridge St which according to the 1873 Atlas Plate Q. St John's Literacy School is kind of kitty-korner in the back yard.
On a map of today, that block is between 3rd & Sciarappa St. Cambridge Children & Family Services is where the school was & it seems like the house was in the same building where the Courtside Restaurant is now (which is one level & probably not the original bldg, now 294 Cambridge St), or where the Writer's Express is next door (which is also not the original bldg), but I think it's the land where the restaurant is.
The Cambridge Historical Commission states the following on March 14, 2013 about the above property:
“Amylynne - The current buildings spanning 291-299 Cambridge St. were constructed as one-story commercial space and date to the late 1920s. Prior to that, a two-story house dating to 1834 occupied the site. The original owner was Wilder Bennett. As early as the 1850s however, there were three separate buildings in this location and some form of a store operating out of this property. All of that was demolished in 1928 to make way for the construction of the current commercial building.
Best regards, Eiliesh Tuffy, Preservation Administrator, Cambridge Historical Commission, 831 Massachusetts Ave, 2nd Fl, Cambridge, MA 02139, 617-349-4686” http://www2.cambridgema.gov/Historic/
Property #2: 111 Cambridge St. East Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA
Jun 11 1847 - John Cannon, “Daguerrean Artist” from George Mallard of Brewster, Wheelwright, 1400 Deed# 520-401 Jun 11 1847, land & dwelling house in east Cambridge containing 2500 superficial feet” As follows: Southerly on Cambridge St 25’ Westerly by land of one Binney? One hundred feet- Northerly by land formerly of Joseph Green twenty five feet and easterly by land of now or late of one Binney, one hundred feet. The premises are the same conveyed to me by James Leuke Apr 26 1838 by deed 281-246. – No mortgage found.
An Apr 1850 ad places his “Daguerreotype Miniature Room” at 17 Hanover St Boston “over Skinner & Sweets Jewelry Store”, and the 1850 Cambridge Directory still lists his home address as Cambridge St.
The 1850 US Census Cambridge, MA shows:
John Cannon a 40 b: NY Daguerratyper; estate: 1800 (indexed as b. Nova Scotia on ancestry)
Cornelia Cannon a37 b: NY
Clinton Cannon a14 b: MA
Hannah S. Cannon 13 b: MA
Cornelia D. Cannon a9 b: MA
Mary E. Cannon a6 b: MA
John Cannon 1 b: MA
Mary Devine a56 b: NY
Nov 21 1850 an ad in the Cambridge Chronicle states “Mr Cannon has removed his Daguerreotype Saloon to the vacant lot on Main Street, opposite Columbia Street, where he will remain a few days. His daguerreotypes are of the first class.” The 1850 & 1851 Cambridge Directories list him at Cambridge St. and the 1852 Boston Directory says 20 Washington St, h. East Cambridge. Mar 2 1851 his youngest child George was born, and the birth was recorded in Cambridge. It lists John as an “artist”, both parents born in New York City.
It seems sometime between 1852-1855 he started referring to himself as a glass cutter again, as that is what he is listed as on the 1855 Massachusetts State Census.
1855 Massachusetts Census in Cambridge, MA:
John b: NY a43 (Glass cutter);
Cornelia b: NY a42;
Clinton b: Ma a 19 (Carver);
Hannah S. b: Ma a17;
Cornelia D. b: MA;
Mary E. b: Ma a11;
John b: Ma a6;
George b: Ma a4;
Catharine Devine b: NY a39
From that it seems he returned to cutting glass, yet still had the daguerreotypist business at their home as shown in the Cambridge & Boston Directories as late as 1861. Unfortunately, nothing seems to indicate what company he worked for. He could have worked at any of 4 glass manufacturers in the local area. The Massachusetts Register for 1856 under Middlesex County Glass Manufacturers pg 141 lists:
Bay State Glass Co (East) Cambridge
Union Glass Co Somerville
NE Glass Co (East) Cambridge
Pierre Frank [fancy] Cambridge
1860 Census Cambridge: Ward 3
John Cannon a49 Glass Cutter B: NY Real Estate 1800; Personal Estate 300;
Cornelia Cannon a 46 b: NY
Clinton a23 Seaman b: MA
Hannah a21 Milliner b: MA
Cornelia a18 b: MA
ME a16 b: MA
John a10 b: MA
George a7 b: MA
Their son Clinton, a carver & seaman, died in Feb 1 1861, no record found for his death, but he was buried in the family plot.
Aug 9 1862, his daughter Cornelia (my 2x great grandmother) married William A Baker. No parents were listed on the record. Three days later William enlisted & served the Union until the following fall.
In the 1863 Directory is John Cannon is listed strictly as a “glass cutter”, and dies within the year on Oct 6. Recorded in Cambridge is states 53y10m10d; married; Consumption; Glass Cutter; B: NY F: Michael: M: Ann Doesn’t say parents birthplaces.; buried in Cambridge Cemetery. NEHGS Vol.166: Pg.59. His Middlesex Probate Court Record# 28763-vol 309-427;392-222;393-232 microfilm MA Archives Boston, sadly, does not have much to share. Cornelia was granted everything in his will, and no other family members were mentioned. William Alson Baker, my 2x great grandfather, witnesses her papers to be Executrix. There isn't an inventory of his estate, and it seems the good news is, he didn't owe anyone any money.
To be continued - See Part II on Dec 14, 2013 for information on Cornelia (Devine) Cannon's life after John's death as a Magnetic Physician, as well as information on many of their descendants.
Sources are embedded with the exception of this one. For further question on sourcing please contact me at Info@NHGenealogist.com
[i] John Cannon Death - NEHGS - Oct 6 1863, Recorded in Cambridge is states 53y10m10d; married; Consumption; Glass Cutter; B: NY F: Michael: M: Ann Doesn’t say parents birthplaces.; buried in Cambridge Cemetery.
Copyright 2013, Amylynne Baker-Santagate, NHGenealogist.com
My GGG Grandmother, Mrs. Cornelia (Divine) Cannon, began running
advertisements as early as 1876 as a "Magnetic Physician"
and they continued to run until at least Dec of 1879.
Check out the links below for more on the history of magnetic theory
& the 19th century era which no doubt influenced Cornelia's decision to give it a whirl.
Amylynne (Baker) Murphy