The only information known of the parents of John Cannon, Daguerreotypist & Glass Cutter of Cambridge, MA is that according to his death record in Cambridge, MA, he was born Nov 26, 1809 [Calculated date] in New York, son of Michael Cannon & Ann, presumably of New York at some point (NEHGS). Further it states he was 53y10m10d; married; Consumption; Glass Cutter; No birthplaces listed for parents; buried in Cambridge Cemetery.
We cannot say at this point if the parents listed are accurate. We also cannot say if they are accurate, specifically who this Michael & Ann Cannon are. Below is simply a collection of notes to consider in the search.
o Ann 56 a1794 B: Ireland
o Thomas 16 a1834 B: Ireland Irone cutter?
o Matthew 14 a1836 B: Ireland
There are others in NC & IL
Additional Hints – if we consider the possibility that the parents noted on his death record are incorrect…….
Mrs John Cannon, widow, is listed at the same address at 111 Cambridge St in the 1865-67 Directories, and on the 1865 Massachusetts State Census detailed below but in 1868 she is listed on Harvard corner of Chestnut.
1865 Massachusetts State Census Cambridge, MA
Cornelia a52 NY Widow
Hannah S. a27 MA Milliner
Mary E. a21 MA School Teacher
John a17 MA apprentice
George a14 MA
Anthony Hardy a35 England (boarder?) Machinist
Cornelia Cannon, widow of John Est. sells the family home at 111 Cambridge St Cambridge, Ma to Robert Gould of Hull July 12 1866 Deed #975-49 for 1950.00. The description is almost same description as is on the purchase deed except she states “northerly by land now or late of Mrs Heniston” & easterly by land of of Fay” “Being the same land conveyed to John Cannon by George Mallard by deed dated Jun 11 1847” #520-401. The property was left to Cornelia in her husband’s will.
John Cannon a22 Paper Agent Personal Estate 500 all b. MA m: in Feb
Florence Cannon a19 Keeps House
George Cannon a18 Upolsterer
Cornelia Cannon a57 No occ
In 1870 Cornelia lives in Somerville with her son John & his new wife Florence. The 1871 Somerville directory lists Cornelia widow of John - Somerville Cross; n. Cross St Pl and in 1873 & 1874 it says Cornelia widow of John Somerville h. Putnam n. Highland Ave. 1875 lists Cornelia widow of John Cambridge 53 Mt Auburn. This is near the fork of Bow & Mt Auburn looks like the Harvard Lampoon Bldg or the building before that. 1876 lists Cornelia widow of John Cambridge 3 Simond’s Block; This is off Mt Auburn, corner of Grant & Dewolf and is still standing 2013.
The Cambridge Chronicle Nov 11 1876 shows she is a Magnetic Physician and she remains in business there until late 1879 when the last ad was found for her in the Cambridge Chronicle Dec 23. The 1878 Directory shows Cornelia widow of John Cambridge House 912 Main. This was apparently “The Holmes Estate” at the intersection of Harvard St, Bow St & Main; now Mass Ave; Bow & Harvard – I think it’s about 4 Bow St where Dunkin’s is.
The 1880 & 1882 Directories shows Cornelia widow of John Cambridge; Seamstress; Main St (912), and the 1880 US Census in Cambridge shows Cornelia is a seamstress and her sister Catherine Divine who is a store clerk is living with her.
From 1883-4 Cornelia Cannon is not found in the Boston area directories but her sister Catherine Devine is listed at 110 Hancock in Cambridge. I suspect she has gone to be at her daughter Cornelia Baker’s side in Middleton/Wakefield, NH. Cornelia Baker had divorced my 2x great grandfather on Sep 20 1882 because he apparently beat her severely & regularly in addition to having an affair with Ellen S. Horne. This is all confirmed through their divorce papers in Strafford County, NH. Two short years later, on Sep 4 1884 Cornelia Baker died in Wakefield, NH and Cornelia Cannon is back listed in the 1885 Somerville Directory again where she lives at Highland Ave opp Sycamore. 1890-97 she is listed at 134 Highland Ave, presumably all this time with her daughter Hannah S. Brine & her family where they are all listed as follows in 1900.
1900 Somerville Highland Ave
William H. Brine b: Sept 1841 Dry good Merchant (Brine & Norcross)
Hannah S. Brine b: Nov 1837 8ch/6lv married 35y
Ellen F Brine b: Oct 1867
William P Brine b: Dec 1875 Law student
Alfred J. Brine b: Oct 1878
Francis J. b: Jan 1880
Cornelia Cannon b: Aug 1813 wd 7ch/3lv F: IRELAND m: NY
Mary A. Driscoll b: Mar 1875 Ireland Servant
Mrs Cornelia Cannon died Somerville June 10, 1903[i] lived & died at 134 Highland b: NY,NY; widow of John; F: James Devine b: NY,NY M: Mary Rice b: NY,NY Buried in Cambridge Cemetery; died of Bronchitis; was sick for 3mo; 89yrs;9mo;11days, Burial Cambridge Cemetery. She had lived through the deaths of her husband (1863), her mother (1853), both her daughters named Cornelia (1837 & 1882), & sons Jeheil (1834), Clinton (1861) & John (1900), son-in-law William H. Brine (1902) & former son-in-law William A. Baker (1897), as well as her sister (1901) whose record is as follows: Aug 17 1901 Catherine Divine dies: 85y9m17d of Breast Cancer – lived & died at 52 Prescott St. Somerville b: NY NY; father listed James Divine; mother Mary Ryer Both born in NY, NY. She is buried in the Cannon plot in Cambridge Cemetery.
Children of John & Cornelia (Devine) Cannon:
1. Cordelia Ann Cannon was born about Mar 1832 and died 5yrs 6mo on Sep 12 1837, buried
Sep 13 1837. No parents listed in Cambridge Vital Records to 1850 & was recorded by
the Episcopal Christ Church in Cambridge[ii]. She is buried in the family plot at Cambridge
Cemetery, across from the Firefighter’s Monument.
2. Jekiel Cannon born abt April 1834 and died Nov 7, 1834 age 7mo. & is recorded by the
Episcopal Christ Church in Cambridge/Cambridge Vital Records to 1850[iii]. No parents
listed on death and no birth found, but he is buried in the family plot Cambridge
Cemetery, across from the Firefighter’s Monument..
3. Clinton Cannon born about 1836 and died Feb 3 1861. He was a carver in 1855 & seaman on
The 1860 census with his parents. No birth, marriage, death or children found. He is also
in the family plot at Cambridge Cemetery, across from the Firefighter’s Monument..
4. Hannah Southwick[iv] Cannon born Nov 30 1837 (calc-death). Can’t find birth record.
She married William Henry Brine Sept 26, 1865[v] who was
partner in the large store Brine & Norcross. He was born Sept 23, 1841 and died
July 21, 1902 – Chronic Nephritic and is in Cambridge Cemetery. They resided in
Somerville, Ma. She died Dec 28, 1908[vi] and is also buried in Cambridge
Cemetery, across from the Firefighter’s Monument.
Children of William & Hannah:
1. Henry Clinton Brine born Jun 1867 (Somerville -1880; 1900, 1910, 1920 wife
“Grace”, 1930 wife “Frances” & 1940). He married Frances Barden
on July 17, 1889 (FSR).
1. William H Brine born about Oct 2 1896 & died July
21, 1897 9m19d of Cholera Infantum
2. Helen S. Brine b. July 1890 (1900-1940)
3. Paul B. Brine b. Feb 1893 (1900-1920)
4. Madeline Brine b. Mar 1898 (1900, 1910, 1920, 1930)
2. Frederick Brine born Apr 7 1870 Somerville (FSR); died Apr 12 1872 2y5d of
Diptheria Cambridge Cemetery-not marked
3. Ellen “Nellie” F. Brine b. Oct 11 1867 Belmont (1900; FSR) died Feb 18
1948 Cambridge Cemetery age 80
4. Blanche M. Brine born Feb 16, 1872 Somerville (FSR) and died Apr 2 1931
age 59y1m,17d Cambridge Cemetery
5. Isabella Brine b. 1874 died March 27 1876 2y 19d Somerville of Scarlet
6. William Percival Brine born about Jan 20 1875 (1900;FSR) and died May
20, 1921 age 46y, 4m. He is also buried in Cambridge Cemetery. He became
a lawyer Feb 17, 1905[vii].
7. Alfred J. Brine b. Oct 1878 (1900)
8. Francis J. Brine born Jun 29, 1880 Somerville (1900; FSR) and died Sept 2,
1959 age 79y7m4d (FSR Cambridge Cemetery). He married Marion Adeline
Plato on Jun 29 1910 in LeGrange, Illinois (FSR). She died Sept 24, 1951
64y1m28d Cambridge Cemetery.
Francis J & Marion had:
1. William F. Brine b. Oct 23 1911 d. Jun 26 1988 (FSR, 1920;
2. Francis J. Brine Jr. Died Feb 5 1986 69y Cambridge
3. Donald H. Brine b: July 11, 1925; died Feb 13, 1973
47y7m2d Cambridge Cemetery
4. Marie L. Brine born in Somerville and died Oct 22,
2007 in Cambridge age 89. She is buried in the
family plot in Camb. Cem. She was the aunt of Wm
F. Jr of Waretown, NY, Joanne Brine of Lynn, Marion
Brine Oates of Brighton, Patricia a. Centretta of
Harwich and Donna M Warner of Waltham and great
aunt of 13 nieces and nephews. She was a retired
secretary from Mitre Corporation.
5. Cornelia Devine Cannon b: a1842-3 m: William A Baker in Cambridge, MA Aug 9 1862[viii]
d: Sept 7 1884 in Wakefield, NH[ix] - more will follow on her in a later BAKER post. If you have further questions before then please email me at Info@NHGenealogist.com
6. Mary “Emma” Cannon was born April 17 1844 via Cambridge Records. Her father listed as
glass cutter and Cambridge was informed of the birth by school committee[x].
She was a teacher as noted on the 1865 Mass Census & in Sept 1864 of the Cambridge
Chronicle it shows she was confirmed as Assistant in the Otis Primary School; Jul 28 1866
Cambridge Chronicle she was still a teacher there. Mar 7 1868 Cambridge Chronicle
Gannett Primary School where Mary was now a Co-Principal burns down.
She married Gustavus Clark. The marriage is recorded in both Cambridge & Belmont[xi] &
there is a newspaper announcement in the Aug 1868 Cambridge Chronicle
which states “In Belmont, (Aug) 26th ult., by Rev J. F. Powers, Mr. Gustavus A. Clark of Glen
to Miss M. Emma Cannon of this city” He was the son of Allen Clark b. Boston & Ann Grant
Emery b. Hampden, ME Gus was b. Apr 16 1830 in Bangor, ME. She died in 1922 according
to the Mass Death Index[xii]. He died Jul 20 1917 a87 in Somerville, MA & is buried in
Woodlawn Cemetery, Everett, MA
Their children were:
1. Mary Edith Clark born about May 15, 1870 & died Dec 15, 1870 7m of
Erysifalas? Cambridge Cemetery- not marked
2. Bertha E. Clark b. 1871 d. after 1930 (not married in 1920)
3. Arthur S. Clark b. Jun 17 1873 Somerville d. after 1920 (not married in 1920)
4. Mary Ellery Clark b. Apr 7 1875 Auburndale, MA (FSR) d. bef 1800
5. Albert M. Clark Nov 17 1875 d. aft 1920 (not married in 1920)
6. Cornelia Ethel Clark b. Sep 26 1877 Somerville m: Clarence Ellsworth Baker son
of Eleazer H. Baker & Lena A. Freeman on Sept 4 1901 in Somerville, MA
d. after 1930. Cornelia & Clarence had:
1. Howard A Baker b. 1907
2. Philip E. Baker b. 1908
3. Irving E. Baker b. 1912
7. Edward I. Clark born about May 19 1879 & died May 1, 1881 of Scarlett
Fever – no birth record found Cambridge Cemetery – not marked
8. Howard F. Clark b. Feb 1 1881 Somerville d. after 1900
9. Ralph W Clark born about Jan 25,1884 & died Nov 11 1884 in Somerville 9m17d
Cerebral Menengitis Cambridge Cemetery-not marked
10. William Allen Clark b. Jan 9 1886 married Catherine Maud Johnson
on Jun 12 1909 (FSR). M: 2nd Marie bef 1830 (1930 & 40 Cambridge;
WWII Reg). He died Sept 1966 in Braintree, MA (SSDI) Registered for
WW I & II. William & Catherine had:
1. Ralph A. Clark b. 1911 (1920)
William & Marie had:
2. June M. Clark b. 1926 Massachusetts (1930)
3. William R. Clark b. 1929 Massachusetts (1930)
7. John Hobs[xiii] Cannon born Oct 5 1848- Cambridge records[xiv]. Married Florence “Julia”
Harmon b. Jan 1851 on Feb 22, 1870; He was from Somerville; she was from Cambridge; He
was 21 and she was 19; He was a travelling agent; she was the dau of Eltoner? & Eliz.[xv]
They removed to Dallas Iowa by 1880. On the 1885 & 1895 Iowa State Census’ available on
FamilySearch.org, they still reside in Dallas, Iowa. John was a Butcher in 1885 but by 1895 he
was involved with his son Clinton in well drilling. John died Mar 31 1900 in Dallas Iowa and
was buried in the Masonic Cemetery[xvi]. Julia & 4 children (7ch/5lv) are still in Dallas on the
1900 Census, but in 1910 Julia (7ch/5lv) & 3 children plus a grand-daughter & her brother Harry F. Harmon a53 are in Oakland, CA. She may have died before 1920.
Their children were:
1. Eddie Cannon born Nov 22, 1870 died Nov 25 1870 of a hemmorage in MA
Cambridge Cemetery- not marked
2. George “Clinton” Cannon b. May 28 1873 in Cambridge, MA (FSR) m: Silvia
May Loper Sep 18 1895 in Dallas, Iowa, dau of William Loper & Sarah Elizabeth
Hoeye. (FSR) He died after 1930 when he is listed with his wife in Fresno CA.
1900 Dallas, IA; 1910 not found; 1917-8 WWI Reg Fresno, CA; 1920 Fresno CA
1. Ernest/Arnest Cannon b. 1892 Dallas, IA not
married as of 1930
2. Thelma Cannon b. 1903 Iowa
3. Clinton Cannon b. 1905 California
3. Frank Arnest Cannon born Jul 13 1875 Cambridge, MA [Los
Angeles 1930 unmarried] d. Aug 13 1953 Los Angeles, CA (CA Death Index)
4. Cornelia Elizabeth “Lizzie” Cannon born about 1878 Dallas, Iowa m: ____
Price d. aft 1910 where she is listed with 0ch/0lv.
5. Merrion/Maran E. Cannon born Feb 1880 b. Dallas, Iowa d. after 1900 m: William
Battenhouse lived in Oakland in 1920
6. John/Jack Stora Cannon born Jul 13 1882 Dallas, Iowa d. after 1920 when he is
listed with his sister Marion Battenhouse in Oakland, CA [1910 w/ mother].
He died on his birthday Jul 13 1947 in Alemeda County, CA (California Death
7. Gladys M. Cannon born Jan 1897 Dallas Iowa d. after 1910 On the 1900 Census
She is listed as a daughter, but on the 1910 Census she is listed as a grand-
daughter with the last name Mortimer - so I am not sure who she belongs to, but
I’m thinking she must be Marion’s daughter (if not Julia’s) because we can be
pretty sure Cornelia/Lizzie is not her mother.
8. George Cannon born about (Mar 1851 c1900) 1853[xvii] married Susan E.
Fuzzard b. Jan 19 1856 on Nov 8 1876 in Chelsea, he is age 29 and she is 25[xviii]. Removed to Malden, Ma before 1880, then later back to Chelsea. George & his family were left homeless with nearly 20,000 others in a huge Chelsea fire bef Apr 13 1908, see GenealogyBank.com. They rented a home on Bloomingdale St & still lived there in 1910. By 1920 they removed to Boston & both died after that. He possibly died 1929 in Boston, MA[xix] , & she 1922[xx].
Their children were:
1. Bertie Cannon born June 15, 1872 and died June 15, 1872 3 hours
old, born premature. Records say John and Susan but this is not
right (FSR). Father listed as a teamster. Cambridge Cemetery – not marked
2. Lottie Elizabeth Cannon born about Aug 21 1877 in Chelsea (FSR), not married as
of 1920, 1935 Resided Dorchester, MA per 1940 Census in Raleigh, NC with
sister Josephine Wyman d. Mar 13 1955 Raleigh, NC a77 (FSR)
3. Alice Ardell Cannon b. Mar 30 1883, Boston, MA (FSR) m: Ralph Presby
Lane Sep 19 1906 Boston, MA (FSR), & there is a wedding description at her
parent’s home on GenealogyBank.com., both died after 1940 Boston, MA
1. Dorothy M. Lane b. 1908 Massachusetts (Lottie
4. Josephine Fuzzard Cannon b: Aug 28 1890, Chelsea, MA (FSR) m: Lenthall
Wyman son of Louis & Annie b. Dec 20 1888 Massachusetts d. Mar 27 196
Raleigh, NC. 1910 Boston; They married Apr 20 1917 in Missoula County,
Montana; Reg WWI in Montana; 1920 Bryan, TX- no kids yet, He is a
teacher for a college; 1930 Kingsley, FL- 1 ch Ruth; 1940 Raleigh, NC
1 child Ruth, He rec’d a Master’s Degree from Harvard in 1914 per 1954
National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel (FSR). Josephine
died Mar 1974 in Virginia.
1. Ruth Wyman b. 1924-5 b: Florida
Sources are embedded unless otherwise noted below
(year=Census) (FSR=FamilySearch.org Records)
[i] Cornelia (Devine) Cannon’s Death – NEHGS – Mrs Cornelia Cannon died Somerville June 10, 1903 lived & died at 134 Highland b: NY,NY; widow of John; F: James Devine b: NY,NY M: Mary Rice b: NY,NY Buried in Cambridge Cemetery; died of Bronchitis; was sick for 3mo; 89yrs;9mo;11days, Burial Cambridge Cemetery.
[ii] Cornelia Ann Death – NEHGS – Cambridge Vital Records to 1850 – coding reflects Episcopal Christ Church in Cambridge, no parents listed
[iii] Jekeil Cannon Death - NEHGS – Cambridge Vital Records to 1850 – coding reflects Episcopal Christ Church in Cambridge, no parents listed
[iv] Hannah’s middle name “Southwick” - Harvard College Class of 1898 Quindecennial Report By Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1898, pg 358, google books; Boston of To-day: A Glance at Its History and Characteristics. Edited by Edwin Monroe Bacon (1892) google books
[v] Hannah S. Cannon Marriage – NEHGS – Cambridge, MA Sept 26 1865 a27 b. Cambridge dau of John & Cornelia to William H. Brine a24 Merchant b. Boston son of Robert Jr & Ellen A.; no birthplaces for either set of parents.
[vi] Hannah S. Brine Death – NEHGS – Somerville, MA Dec 28 1908, 49 Laurel St., Somerville, MA 71y 28d, born Cambridge, female, white, widowed sick with heart disease since 1906, secondary Apoplexy (21 days), Dr. Wm A. Bell of 26 Bow St Somerville, Husband William H. Brine, Father John Cannon b. Ireland, mother Cornelia Devine b. NY, NY, informant Francis Brine, buried Dec 31 1908 Cambridge Cemetery Cambridge, MA, undertaker John S. Mcgowan, 11 Stone Ave., Somerville
[vii] Harvard College Class of 1898 Quindecennial Report By Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1898, pg 358, google books
[viii] Cornelia D. Cannon Marriage– NEHGS – Aug 9, 1862 Cambridge, MA Cornelia D. Cannon of Cambridge a20 b. Cambridge to William A. Baker of Somerville a25 Attendant b. Westmoreland, NH, no parents listed for either 1st both, A A. Messier, Clergyman
[ix] Cornelia D. (Cannon) Baker’s death – NHVR - New Hampshire Vital Records, Death Record for “Cordelia A. Baker” in Wakefield, NH Sept 7, 1884, a41, record states she was still married, inflammation of bowels, no parents or husband named; Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA Records shows a41, unmarked.
[x] Mary Emma Cannon’s Birth– NEHGS – Cambridge Vital Records to 1850 Book “Cannon, Mary E. d. of John & Cornelia Apr 17 1844”; On FSR there is also a different record with an image which states the above but also states, John was a glass cutter & the Town of Cambridge was notified by the School Committee.
[xi] Mary Emma Cannon’s Marriage– FSR – Belmont- 1868 Aug 26th [crossed out] Gustavus A. Clark of Glenburn a30[crossed out] Clerk “page 6th”, b. Bangor, ME[crossed out] son of Allen & Ann to M. Emma Cannon of Cambridge, a24 [crossed out] b. Cambridge [crossed out] dau of John & Cornelia 1st both [crossed out], by N.F. Powers, minister; Cambridge – exact same as Belmont but nothing crossed out
[xii] Emma (Cannon) Clark’s Death – 1922 per the Massachusetts Death Index on ancestry.com
[xiii] John’s middle name “Hobs” – see birth of John Stora Cannon, FamilySearch.org, Dallas Center, Dallas, Iowa
[xiv] John Cannon Birth– NEHGS – Cambridge Records to 1850 “Cannon, John, s. of John & Cornelia Oct 5 1848”
[xv] John H. Cannon Marriage– FSR – Feb 22 1870 John H. Cannon of Somervillea21 Travelling Agent b. E. Cambridge, son John & Cornelia to Florence J. Harmon of Charlestown a19 b. Somerville dau of E. Storer Harmon & Elizabeth, 1st both, Rev B. K. Russ of Somerville
[xvi] John H. Cannon’s Cemetery record “J.H. Cannon, b. Oct 6 1848, d. Mar 31 1900” http://iagenweb.org/dallas/cemetery/Masonic.htm
[xvii] George Cannon’s Birth – FSR – Mar 2 1851, son of John & Cordelia of Cambridge, fa: Artist, both born NYC
[xviii] George Cannon’s Marriage – FSR- Nov 8th George Cannon of Andover b. E. Cambridge a25 Upolsterer son of John & Cornelia to Susan E. Fuzzard of Chelsea a20 b. Chelsea dau of William & Susan, 1st both, by F. K. Stratton, Meth Minister, Chelsea
[xix] George Cannon Death 1929 Boston per the Massachusetts Death Index on ancestry.com
[xx] Susan Cannon Death 1922 Boston per the Massachusetts Death Index on ancestry.com
The Cannon & Brine Family Plot,
Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA
- across from the Firefighter's Monument
My 2x great grandmother in my Baker line was Cornelia D. Cannon. Her father was John Cannon, Daguerreotypist & Glass Cutter of Cambridge, MA. According to his death record in Cambridge, MA, he was born Nov 26, 1809 in New York City, son of Michael Cannon & Ann of New York City[i]. He married Cornelia Devine/Divine who according to her death in Somerville, MA was born Aug 30, 1813 in NY, daughter of James Devine & Mary Rice/Ryer of New York. He died on Oct 6, 1863 of consumption and she died June 10, 1903 in Somerville, MA of Bronchitis. Their graves can be found in the Cambridge Cemetery, Cambridge, MA across from the Firefighters Memorial.
John & Cornelia’s marriage record has not been found and therefore the date & place are unknown, but it was probably about or before 1831 since their oldest known child, Jeheil/Jekeil was born about Mar 12 1832. A record for the birth of this child has not been found, we know only from his death & burial in November 1834that he was their son & this is the earliest evidence of them being in Boston. My best guess would have to be that they arrived in the Boston area between 1832 - Nov 1834, but it may have been earlier. Apparently they were attending the Episcopal Christ Church in 1834-37, as that is where two of their children’s deaths are noted as originating from there in the 1850 Vital statistics. However, the Episcopal Church Records available at Houghton Library, Harvard do not show any reference at all to any Cannons from 1830-1845.
The first known record of John as a Glass Cutter is in 1839 at the age of 30 when he purchases property outline below. It seems likely he would have been quite skilled by then perhaps apprenticed in New York City between the years of 1825-1830 when he would have been 15-21 years of age. It is very possible John was of Irish descent and learned the trade of glass cutting that way, but it is unknown. Not much can be ascertained about his parents or siblings except one record, John’s death which shows Michael and Ann of New York City as his parents. (Another blog post will follow in Dec 21 2013 detailing hints for them.)
Probably the most famous cut glass has long been known as Waterford Crystal which was named after its home town of Waterford, Ireland. More information on Waterford Crystal can be found here: http://www.waterfordvisitorcentre.com/Press/Fact_Sheets/History_of_Waterford_Crystal
New York City has had a long history of glass making back to 1640, but glass cutting was another thing entirely. We are looking for a much later time frame than the American Brilliant Period cut glass which was much later in the century. The time period we are looking for is from about 1820, or the end of the “Early Period” of cut glass through the first half of the “Middle Period” which begins in 1830. From what I have found there are at least a few possibilities where John may have trained as a cutter in NYC from 1825-1830. The New York Glass Works which was on 47th St 1820-1840 was co-founded by John L. Gilliland who left in 1823 to start the Brooklyn Flint Glass Works. Other glass companies in NYC include Jackson & Baggott, and J.Stouvenel & Company, but I have not really been able to pin down an establishment date for either of them.
I further suspect but cannot prove that John worked for the New England Glass Company, founded in 1818 by Amos Binney, Edmund Munroe, Daniel Hastings, and Deming Jarves upon arriving in Cambridge. It was definitely the most prominent glass works in the local area in 1830-34. An excellent book on the subject is Cambridge Glass 1818-1888, The Story of The New England Glass Company by Lura Woodside Watkins. [c1851] Cambridge Glass 1818-1888, The Story of The New England Glass Company
by Lura Woodside Watkins, p. 24-25 states “The cutting room was 270 feet in length
and contained eighty frames for cutting, polishing, and engraving glass. This
department gave employment to about ninety men.”
The author also reports that in 1823, between the “glass house, cutting house & other departments, 140 workmen were constantly employed. Every week more than ten tons of glassware, much of it beautifully cut, was sent to Boston and other places” [p. 14]. In 1837 “the statistical tables for this year show that the two glass factories in East Cambridge (presumably the New England & the New England Glass Bottle Co.) were making glass to the amount of $453,076 annually. The capital invested was 450,000 and 290 hands were employed.” [p. 16]. By 1851 “It was said to be the largest glass manufactory in the world” and 450 workmen were employed by the company. The list of workmen known to have worked at the New England Glass Company prior to 1855 on pages 173-4 unfortunately does not name John Cannon, but it is not a very complete list at all and only contains 37 names.
John must have been doing ok for himself when he entered into a partnership to own land with George C. Perry in 1839, but it seems it only lasted a few months as John quitclaimed out of it a few short months later. Perhaps it had been a temporary arrangement in the first place. We will likely never know. I also have no idea what the connection, if any other than partners in property, was between these two men. I could not find any definitive records for Perry.
Property #1: Corner of Thorndike & Third St., Lechmere Point, Cambridge, Middlesex, MA:
John Cannon & George C. Perry, both Glass Cutters of Cambridge, Apr 1 1839 by Redford Morse, Pump & Blockmaker, 1300.00 Deed# 382-7 “A certain lot of land with the buildings thereon, situated at Lechmere Point, in Cambridge” “Beginning at a point on the southerly side of Thorndike street, three hundred feet easterly of South Third street, and running westerly on said Thorndike street thirty feet, thence turning at right angles and running southerly to land on which my shop is situated sixty one feet, and six inches, to the point of the beginning; together with the privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging.”
John Cannon & al to R. Morse Apr 12 1839 Deed# 383-40 Mortgage – 1100.00 – 1/5 in one year; 1/5 in two years; 1/5 in 3 yrs; 1/5 in four years & the remaining 1/5 in five yrs with interest. Signed by George C. Perry & his wife Margaret Perry as well as John Cannon & his wife Cornelia Cannon. Apr 1 1839. Mortgage cancelled & discharged Feb 13 1851 by a conveyance from George C Perry to said Redford Morse, recorded book 391-22. Rhoda Morse Executrix & grantee under the will of Redford Morse.
John Cannon to G.C Perry July 15 1839 Deed# 385-286 Quitclaim 200.00 –all my right & interest gained through deed 382-7– same description. Cornelia also agrees.
Lechmere Point in Cambridge is not only where the New England Glass Company was located, but also where the British landed Apr 19 1775 - http://cambridgehistory.org/discover/Cambridge-Revolution/Lechmere%20Point.html
John is not recorded in the Boston Directories from 1831-41, and it does seems there is a Cambridge directory for that time period, but they are on the census in Cambridge in 1840. Cornelia Devine’s mother, Mary Devine is presumably with them. Mary can be found noted in the records as being accepted as a Second Baptist Church Member in 1841. (http://dunhamwilcox.net/ma/cambridg_ma_2bapt_ch.htm) The church was established in 1837 and still stands on the corner of Cambridge St & Sciarappa St. but is now named St. Francis. It is on the same block where John Cannon’s later home stood between Third & & 4th (now Scairappa St.) on Cambridge St. Her sister Catherine is also noted as becoming a member of the church in 1842, no Cannons are listed. Catherine is shown living with them as early as 1855, but not 1850. The death of their mother occurs Sept 15 1853 of Dysentery in Cambridge 63y8m17d and is record there as well. It also states she was a widow, b. NY, no parents or maiden name listed. She is buried in the family plot in Cambridge as well.
John is listed as a glass cutter on his daughter Mary Emma’s birth record in 1844, but in the 1845 Boston Directory he is listed as having daguerreotype rooms, Court c. Sudbury. The 1846 Boston Directory lists him at 190 Washington & the 1874 Atlas Plate G & I shows it near Ordway Place. The building doesn’t seem to be there anymore & is replaced with a huge parking garage; it was at the corner of Washington & Franklin. The 1847 & 1848 Boston Directories list 139 Washington. The 1874 Atlas Plate G shows that address across from the Old South Church. It is no longer there & was recently or is now the location of a Borders Bookstore & next to the Bank of America ATM. The 1848 Cambridge Directory lists him as a “daguerreotypist, house. Cambridge St.” A Daguerreotype was an early photograph, first developed by Daguerre in Jan 1839. For more information on Daguerrotypes vist this link : http://daguerre.org/resource/history/history.html
Three Frames of Daguerreotypes by John Cannon of Boston were exhibited in The Fifth Exhibition of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, at Faneuil and Quincy Halls, in the City of Boston, September, 1847. He is shown in the Photographs Exhibition Catalogs, 1876 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index, Boston: Published by Dutton and Wentworth, for the Association Control number: AECI 03640070, entry no. 1027 Secondrate. [P. 28.], available via the Smithsonian
In addition, the following earlier listing for Keene and Cannon, may or may not be our John with Peter Keene in Salem, MA. It could just as well be Marsena Cannon, one of John’s competitors in the Boston area until he removed to Utah c1850. Not much is known of Peter Keene except in the 1842 Directory of Salem, MA it lists Peter E. Keene, Photographic Institute, 150 Essex, h. 10 River, and previous to that he appears to have been in Danvers during the 1840 US Census.
That catalog entry states:
Four Daguerreotype Miniatures. No. 5, (photograph)
Via Smithsonian- http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=record_ID:siris_aeci_74063
Artist: Keene and Cannon – Subject: Unidentified Medium:Daguerreotype/miniature
Type: Photographs Miniatures Exhibition Catalogs Date: 1876 [of publication?] Topic: Portrait--Miniature
Control number: AECI 03590071 Notes: Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. 541
The Third Exhibition of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, at Quincy Hall, in the City of Boston, September 20, 1841. Boston: Press of T.R. Marvin, 24 Congress Street. 1841 Artist address: Salem, Massachusetts Data Source: Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index;
John & Cornelia’s son John H. Cannon was born Oct 5 1848 in Cambridge and on that record he is also listed as a daguerreotypist. The 1849 Boston Directory lists J. Cannon, under Daguerreotypists, 99 Court, pg 117, and an advertisement for his business can be found in the Cambridge Chronicle on May 10, 1849 which shows his address as “Blanchard’s Buildings, Court street, A few doors from Hanover street, (up stairs)”. The exact same ad runs again on Jun 28 1849 in the same paper. This location was near the intersection of what once was the intersection of Court St. Hanover St & Sudbury St 1874 Atlas Map H – probably the same location as listed in 1845 as “Court c. Sudbury” – it’s sort of near Boston Common – I think it could be the intersection of what now is Tremont. A Nov 1849 ad places him over Wheeler’s Dry Goods which was located at 98 Cambridge St. East Cambridge & personally he is also listed on Cambridge St. in the Directory. This was very near where the family home purchased in 1847 was. That address being 111 Cambridge St which according to the 1873 Atlas Plate Q. St John's Literacy School is kind of kitty-korner in the back yard.
On a map of today, that block is between 3rd & Sciarappa St. Cambridge Children & Family Services is where the school was & it seems like the house was in the same building where the Courtside Restaurant is now (which is one level & probably not the original bldg, now 294 Cambridge St), or where the Writer's Express is next door (which is also not the original bldg), but I think it's the land where the restaurant is.
The Cambridge Historical Commission states the following on March 14, 2013 about the above property:
“Amylynne - The current buildings spanning 291-299 Cambridge St. were constructed as one-story commercial space and date to the late 1920s. Prior to that, a two-story house dating to 1834 occupied the site. The original owner was Wilder Bennett. As early as the 1850s however, there were three separate buildings in this location and some form of a store operating out of this property. All of that was demolished in 1928 to make way for the construction of the current commercial building.
Best regards, Eiliesh Tuffy, Preservation Administrator, Cambridge Historical Commission, 831 Massachusetts Ave, 2nd Fl, Cambridge, MA 02139, 617-349-4686” http://www2.cambridgema.gov/Historic/
Property #2: 111 Cambridge St. East Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA
Jun 11 1847 - John Cannon, “Daguerrean Artist” from George Mallard of Brewster, Wheelwright, 1400 Deed# 520-401 Jun 11 1847, land & dwelling house in east Cambridge containing 2500 superficial feet” As follows: Southerly on Cambridge St 25’ Westerly by land of one Binney? One hundred feet- Northerly by land formerly of Joseph Green twenty five feet and easterly by land of now or late of one Binney, one hundred feet. The premises are the same conveyed to me by James Leuke Apr 26 1838 by deed 281-246. – No mortgage found.
An Apr 1850 ad places his “Daguerreotype Miniature Room” at 17 Hanover St Boston “over Skinner & Sweets Jewelry Store”, and the 1850 Cambridge Directory still lists his home address as Cambridge St.
The 1850 US Census Cambridge, MA shows:
John Cannon a 40 b: NY Daguerratyper; estate: 1800 (indexed as b. Nova Scotia on ancestry)
Cornelia Cannon a37 b: NY
Clinton Cannon a14 b: MA
Hannah S. Cannon 13 b: MA
Cornelia D. Cannon a9 b: MA
Mary E. Cannon a6 b: MA
John Cannon 1 b: MA
Mary Devine a56 b: NY
Nov 21 1850 an ad in the Cambridge Chronicle states “Mr Cannon has removed his Daguerreotype Saloon to the vacant lot on Main Street, opposite Columbia Street, where he will remain a few days. His daguerreotypes are of the first class.” The 1850 & 1851 Cambridge Directories list him at Cambridge St. and the 1852 Boston Directory says 20 Washington St, h. East Cambridge. Mar 2 1851 his youngest child George was born, and the birth was recorded in Cambridge. It lists John as an “artist”, both parents born in New York City.
It seems sometime between 1852-1855 he started referring to himself as a glass cutter again, as that is what he is listed as on the 1855 Massachusetts State Census.
1855 Massachusetts Census in Cambridge, MA:
John b: NY a43 (Glass cutter);
Cornelia b: NY a42;
Clinton b: Ma a 19 (Carver);
Hannah S. b: Ma a17;
Cornelia D. b: MA;
Mary E. b: Ma a11;
John b: Ma a6;
George b: Ma a4;
Catharine Devine b: NY a39
From that it seems he returned to cutting glass, yet still had the daguerreotypist business at their home as shown in the Cambridge & Boston Directories as late as 1861. Unfortunately, nothing seems to indicate what company he worked for. He could have worked at any of 4 glass manufacturers in the local area. The Massachusetts Register for 1856 under Middlesex County Glass Manufacturers pg 141 lists:
Bay State Glass Co (East) Cambridge
Union Glass Co Somerville
NE Glass Co (East) Cambridge
Pierre Frank [fancy] Cambridge
1860 Census Cambridge: Ward 3
John Cannon a49 Glass Cutter B: NY Real Estate 1800; Personal Estate 300;
Cornelia Cannon a 46 b: NY
Clinton a23 Seaman b: MA
Hannah a21 Milliner b: MA
Cornelia a18 b: MA
ME a16 b: MA
John a10 b: MA
George a7 b: MA
Their son Clinton, a carver & seaman, died in Feb 1 1861, no record found for his death, but he was buried in the family plot.
Aug 9 1862, his daughter Cornelia (my 2x great grandmother) married William A Baker. No parents were listed on the record. Three days later William enlisted & served the Union until the following fall.
In the 1863 Directory is John Cannon is listed strictly as a “glass cutter”, and dies within the year on Oct 6. Recorded in Cambridge is states 53y10m10d; married; Consumption; Glass Cutter; B: NY F: Michael: M: Ann Doesn’t say parents birthplaces.; buried in Cambridge Cemetery. NEHGS Vol.166: Pg.59. His Middlesex Probate Court Record# 28763-vol 309-427;392-222;393-232 microfilm MA Archives Boston, sadly, does not have much to share. Cornelia was granted everything in his will, and no other family members were mentioned. William Alson Baker, my 2x great grandfather, witnesses her papers to be Executrix. There isn't an inventory of his estate, and it seems the good news is, he didn't owe anyone any money.
To be continued - See Part II on Dec 14, 2013 for information on Cornelia (Devine) Cannon's life after John's death as a Magnetic Physician, as well as information on many of their descendants.
Sources are embedded with the exception of this one. For further question on sourcing please contact me at Info@NHGenealogist.com
[i] John Cannon Death - NEHGS - Oct 6 1863, Recorded in Cambridge is states 53y10m10d; married; Consumption; Glass Cutter; B: NY F: Michael: M: Ann Doesn’t say parents birthplaces.; buried in Cambridge Cemetery.
Copyright 2013, Amylynne Baker-Santagate, NHGenealogist.com
My GGG Grandmother, Mrs. Cornelia (Divine) Cannon, began running
advertisements as early as 1876 as a "Magnetic Physician"
and they continued to run until at least Dec of 1879.
Check out the links below for more on the history of magnetic theory
& the 19th century era which no doubt influenced Cornelia's decision to give it a whirl.
Amylynne (Baker) Murphy
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