Thriller Thursday The Murder of Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy "Yours in the cause of the slave, till death or victory"
Date: Tuesday, October 17, 1837 Paper: Philanthropist (Cincinnati, OH) Volume: II Issue: 36 Page: 3
"We call attention to the following letter from our much persecuted brother, Rev. E. P. Lovejoy Alton, Oct 7 1837
To the Editor of the Philanthropist.
My dear brother, - I should perhaps before now, have sent you an account of the second destruction of my press in this city, and I would have done it but that I have been from home most of the time, and otherwise had my time completely engrossed.
I was not myself in the city at the time. But the following is a brief history of the affair. My brother landed with the press from your city on Thursday the 21st day of September, about sundown. It had been openly given out here by several individuals, that they would meet the press on the landing and throw it into the river. Induced by these threats, a number of our friends were ready to protect it. Accordingly, it was immediately taken guarded by a number of individuals, into the store of Messrs. Gerry & Weller, on Second street. About 11 o'clock the store was assailed by twenty or thirty individuals, masked and disguised, the doors broken open, the press taken out, broken up and thrown into river. The Mayor of the city was on the ground, soon after the work of destruction commenced. He entreated them to desist; they told him they would as soon as they had finished their work. He left them to procure a constable, and on his return they had completed their work and quietly disperseed! Thus you see that mob law reigns triumphant in Alton. Our municipal court is now in session, but I venture to predict that there will not be a single conviction for either of the outrages upon my press. Public sentiment protects, nay, applauds, the perpetrators. But the Lord reigns, this I know; and I know, too, that the people of alton cannot dethrone Him; and therfore I know further, that the cause they are so exceedingly mad against will yet triumph. They do but "imagine a vain thing"
I send you herewith enclosed, a short account of the outrage to which I was subjected in st Charles, on Sabbath evening last. I have written a more detailed account to the "Empancipator" I would only add, that in additions to the particulars herewith sent, the mob toreout the bosom of my shirt and nearly destroyed my pantaloons in their efforts to drag me from the room. One of them struck me with his fist several times.
Our convention assembles on the last Thursday in the month. We should be exceedingly glad to see some of our Ohio friends here. I have full confidence that Illinois in less than two years, will not be whit behind a single sister state, in her zeal for the cause of humanity and of our common country.
Yours in the cause of the slave, till death or victory,
Elijah P. Lovejoy
The following is the account of the assault on Mr. Lovejoy's person, at St. Charles. After reading it, let any candid man say, of how much value is the "Union" to abolitionists-to those who have the courage to defend to doctrines of the Declaration of Independence. En-Phil.
Mob at St Charles, MO
To the publisher of the Telegraph
Gentleman - As I know by experience that a thousand rumors and exaggerations will immediately set afloat in the community respecting the recent outrage at St. Charles, I must ask of you the favor to insert in your columns a brief narrative of the particulars of the case. I will confine myself entirely to a simple statement of the facts, leaving every reader to make his own comments and reflections.
On Wednesday last (the 27th ult) I went over to St Charles for the purpose of bringing home my wife, who, in ill health, and with a sick child, had been spending a few weeks at her mother's who resides in St. Charles. It was my intention to have returned the next day, in the stage, but finding my wife's health unable to endure the journey, I concluded to wait till the next stage (Monday) Accordingly I did so. On Sabbath, at the request of the Rev. Mr. Cambell, the Presbyterian minister of St. Charles, I preached for him in the forenoon and at night, he himself preaching in the afternoon. --Just previous to my leaving the Church, after the service were over at night, the following note was sliped into my hand: "Mr Lovejoy, Be watchful as you come from Church to night. A Friend"
I showed the note to Rev. Mr. Campbell, who asked me to go home with him; I declined, however, and walked to my mother-in-law's in company with Mr. Campbell, and Mr. Copes, a deacon of the church. It was but a short distance, and nothing occurred to excite any alarm. Mr. Campbell went in with me. This was about nine o'clock. Brother Cambell and myself sat conversing together till near ten o'clock, when a knocking was heard at the foot of the stairs - the room in which the family lived being in the second story. I took a candle and went to the door at the head of the stairs, to ascertain who was there; when the inquiry was made, "Is Mr. Lovejoy in?" I answered "Yes" "We want to see him, was the rejoinder; and immediately a man by the name of Little and another from Mississippi, whose name I did not learn, rushed through the door where I stood, and seized me, each by the coat collar, while the platform at the head of the stairs was filled by the mobites.
The only individuals in the house were the Rev. Mr. Cambell, my wife, her mother and sister, and myself. They doubtless expected to find only myself and the three females in the house. My wife, ho was lying down in another room, hearing the knocking, came also to the head of the stairs, just as it was filled by assailants. She had to rush thruogh them to get into the room where I was, which she did, and succeeded in reaching me, not, however, until the fellow from Mississippi had drawn his dirk upon her. Her only reply was to strike him in the face with her hand - a blow which more than one of the mobites received in their attempts to force me from the room - she meanwhile clinging to me, or throwing herself before me, among the infuriated assailants, with a self-abandoning fortitude and devotion which a woman and a wife only can feel. Induced, principally, by her efforts, the mob let me go and left the room. As soon as the door was shut upon them, Mrs. L. fainted. I carried her immediately into another room and laid her on the bed. She recovered only to relapse into alarming hysteric fits, and while in this condition, I was endeavoring to soothe her fears, the mob returned with augmented numbers and fury. Regardless of her heart-rendering shricks, they laid hold of me to drag me from the room, and would have done so had not W.M. Campbell Esq. come to my rescue, and assistetd me in freeing myself again from their grasp.
This state of things continued nearly two hours, the mob retired for a few moments to the grog shop, and then returning to the assault, with redoublled fury. It was their expressed determination to take my life, or as one of them, with horrid oaths, expressed it, they "wanted my blood, and would have it." At length one of them, David Knott, came up into the room, with a written demand that I should leave town by ten o'clock next morning. I sent them a reply that I should leave in the morning before nine. This pacified them for a time. But having received their potations of whiskey, they again returned. By this time, their drunken madness had reached such a height, that my friends despaired of defending me. Yielding, therefore, to their soliciatations, and especially to the entreaties of my wife, though much against my own inclinations, I left the house, at a moment when the vigilance of the watching mob was relaxed, and thanks to a Guardian Providence, escaped unharmed. Elijah P. Lovejoy.
A few short weeks later ... an account of his murder is published....
An American Citizen Murdered the Pres Destroyed the Spirit of Slavery Triumphant
Date: Saturday, November 25, 1837 Paper: Colored American (New York, NY) Volume: I Issue: 47 Page: 2
"An American Citizen murdered!! The Press destroyed!!! The Spirit of Slavery triumphant!!!
Elijah P. Lovejoy that fearless advocate of the press, has fallen a victim to the fury of a mob, thirsting for his blood, because he dared to lift up his voice against the oppression of the poor slave.
The facts are briefly these; Mr Lovejoy first established his press at St. Louis, but owing to the fierce opposition of those opposed to his abolition sentiments, he moved his press to Alton, Ill judging in a free state, boasting of her loyalty to the Constitution, that he might securely advocate the principals of American Liberty. But, alas her boasts proved hollow mockery; she pro-trated herself before the genius of slavery, and trampled law and order under foot. Twice did a reckless mob seize upon and destroy the press - and not satiated with this wanton destruction of property, they hunted him down like blood hounds!
But the hon heart of Lovejoy quailed not before the brutal force that met him. He saw that here the battle must be fought; to abandon this post was equivalent to saying to the mob, "only foam out your shame and blasphemy, and we will retire and leave you to take care of those fundamental principals, the support and protection of which can alone secure good order." With a deep sense of the responsibilities resting upon him, owing to the situation that circumstances had placed him in, he declared, "I will never abandon the enterprise so long as I live, and until success has crowned it. If I am to die, it cannot be in a better cause!"
Arrangements were made, and a new press was obtained and brought to the city of Alton. On Monday night, the 8th instant, in the dead of the night, that every thing consistent with the requirements of duty might be done to avoid the sensitiveness of the "baser sort" the press was landed and conveyed to the warehouse of Messrs. Godfrey, Gilman & Co. But unwearied watchfulness of the sentinels of slavery soon gave the alarm, and forth rushed the myrmedous of hell.
Lovejoy and his friends believed it hustifiable to defend by physical force their rights, and consequently prepared to do so. Fifteen or twenty citizens, among whom (according to the Mayor's account) were some of the most worthy and enterprising, with about 36 stand of arms, besides small arms, shut themselves up in the building with the press.
At about 10 o'clock at night, the mob made their onset demanding the press. They were told by those who had it in care that it would not by given up, that it would be defended, and to avoid serious consequences they had better desist. The mob then commemenced an attack by throwing stones, and soon began to fire balls; after this a gun was fired, by consent of all within, from the building, and one among the rabble fell. The mob gave way for a moment, but soon returned with an increase in numbers, and resolved to burn the building without permitting those inside to escape. When this was known a deputation was sent out to prevent it, if possible, and at the head was the devoted Lovejoy. Upon his arrival in the street, he was deliberately singled out, fired upon, and fell a corpse in a few seconds; two others were wounded, one of whom (Mr. Roff) has since died.
The doors then were thrown open, and while those within retreated, they were fired upon by this hellish crew. The press was then taken possession of by the mob and destroyed.
Such is a brief history of the Alton outrage. How horrible to contemplate, and how fearfully pregnant with danger to the safety of every institution in our country.
Whither shall we turn our aching eyes? Where shall we look for a redeeming spirit? To the Press? Gracious Heaven! how has it spoken? Read the New York Gazette, the Courier & Enquirer, the Star and the Sun, and then let us hang our hearts in shame. To the pulpit? It is recreant to its trust. With a few noble and splendid exceptions the Pulpit and the Press have virnally by their silence and actual committal, esponsed the side of the oppressor. Truly, "on the side of the oppressor there is power."
Who are guilty in this matter? Is it the poor ignorant, sunken, and abandoned wretches who consumate the work planned out by "gentlemen of property and standing?" No! They know not what they do. But the Press which from the commencement of the Anti-Slavery controversy has kept alive by base misrepresentation. the worst passions of the human heart, and pointed at abolitionists as fit subjects for assassin's dagger - the press- Political and Religions, by baptising itself in all manner of abominations, in order to oppose the progress of pure principles, is guilty of this crime."
Elijah Parish Lovejoy was born November 5, 1802 the oldest of nine children born to Rev. David Lovejoy & Elizabeth Pattee. He was the grandson of Hezekiah Lovejoy & Hannah Austin, my 7th great grandparents. He married Celia Ann French & had two chiildren.
He was well educated and attended a couple private academies before attending what is now known as Colby College. While attending Colby, he was headmaster of a local high school. Lovejoy developed a plan to move west to preach after first residing, working & saving money in Boston, but after having a difficult time finding work, he set off on foot to Illinois. He stopped along the way in New York where he worked as a peddler for the Saturday Evening Gazette. Desperate for help Lovejoy wrote to Rev Jeremiah Chaplin the President of Colby who financially assisted him in getting to Illinois, but he found that it didn't call to him & he headed to St. Louis.
He became editor of the St Louis Observer, as well as being employed as a headmaster of a private school.
Inspired by abolitionist David Nelson, he decided to attend Princeton & become a preacher & abolitionist himself. He briefly preached & was ordained in Philadelphia and later returned to St Louis where he set up a Presbyterian Church and returned to the St Louis Observer.
Missouri was a slave state and tensions over the anti-slavery movement & Lovejoy's desire to speak out and make a difference were being heightened on a regular basis. Lovejoy found himself & his press as a target on numerous occassions; the above being just the last two times out of several attacks against him. He no doubt thought perhaps a move to a free slave state would be a better choice for him & his family. He removed his family to Alton, IL and founded the Alton Observer. As we have seen, safety eluded him there as well. Reverend Elijah Parish Lovejoy was buried in Alton, Il in an unmarked grave.
The district attorney of Alton attempted to prosecute for Lovejoy's murder but in the end no one was held responsible. Thankfully his work would continue on by his brother Owen became the leader of the Illinois abolitionist movement, and many other brave souls, both before and after, ensuring the eventual freedom of all slaves.
There's something incredibly thrilling and equally frustrating about knowing you're on the cusp of new discoveries, but not quite being there yet. That's exactly where I am with Ezekiel. In a effort to increase the odds of finding someone out there who might know something, I'm going to share my notes today which explain where I'm at with him, hopefully you'll be able to decipher them. As I said in my last post, at this point in my opinion his age, his parentage, & town of origin are all unknown. Let’s analyze a few things and see where we end up.
First, I’m going to say something that I never thought I would repeat simply because most often in my experience sentences that begin with “Family tradition states…” don’t usually have much truth but…I’m going to consider this maybe has some truth as far as the general area & since we’re grasping at “hints” it should be included…so here goes…
· My family tradition states that my great grandmother, Mable Cole said her father’s family was from Nobleboro Maine, and this was also listed as her father’s birthplace on her death certificate. Now, what stinks about this is, there were not any Cole families actually in Nobleboro eventhough early censuses make it seem so. They were recorded incorrectly, and hence indexed incorrectly. Those families were actually in nearby Waldoborough.
Mabel had lived until into the 1960’s, her father lived until 1938’s, & her grandmother Sophia Cole lived until Mable was about 20 yrs old in 1894, so it seems that tradition might have some credibility as to the area in this case, but alas, I really don’t know. Honestly, I had completely put this out of my mind when I traced back and discovered the family was definitely in Vassalboro, ME. I figured they just got their “boro’s” mixed up and left it at that, but now that I am really stuck tracing Ezekiel, I wonder if there is some connection to Cole families in Waldoboro. Maybe Ezekiel was there before going to Sidney? [see notes below for more on that]
What are the age indicators we have on our Ezekiel Cole?
So far …none. There are not any solid age indicators to go by. We can make an educated guess he was born somewhere between 1772-1785 but that’s about it. I realize it is a large gap, but we have to be open & base it on the following:
What else have we established about our Ezekiel Cole?
What have we found about AN Ezekiel Cole that may or may not be ours?
o The only birth record found for an Ezekiel Cole born in MA or ME within 1772-1785 was b. Jun 19 1776 in Middleborough, MA son of Edward Cole (1745-1825) & Elizabeth “Betsey” (1745-1838)
o That Ezekiel had a sister Hezediah’s who’s will states her brother Ezekiel is deceased by 1824-25 and had children, but they are not named.
o That Ezekiel had a brother Edward who married Phebe Alden; Our Ezekiel named one of his daughters Mary Alden Cole.
o Our Ezekiel named his oldest daughter Elizabeth
Some of the Points Against Edward & Betsey
o So far – no record has been found in Maine which indicates Ezekiel was from Bridgewater, MA, nor has a record been found in Bridgewater, MA that indicates the Ezekiel from that place went to Sidney, Maine (or Maine at all) – but I have not given up looking.
o No records found indicate his age therefore we can’t confirm if this guy’s age bracket even fits
o It seems highly unlikely to me that he would randomly move from Bridgewater to Sidney, ME without any other familial connections or a land grant.
o There are so many unrecorded vital records in Maine it is very likely his birth could have gone unrecorded.
o It seems much more likely our Ezekiel had connections with other Coles in the Sidney, Hallowell &/or Waldoborough area.
o I can’t find any other familial names other than the Alden noted above that make me feel this is right.
o Elizabeth is too common a name to imply credibility to his oldest daughter being named Elizabeth.
What other curious tidbits of information have we stumbled across that cause us to pause and wonder hmm….?
There was a Joseph Rodney Abbott who lived nearby Ezekiel Cole in the Sidney & Vassalboro area. Given Ezekiel named his oldest son Joseph Rodney Cole this may indicate a relationship or friendship of some kind. Also note on Sophia Cole’s deed “J.R. Abot” is mentioned as once owning property nearby. Joseph Abbott & Rachel’s son Joseph Rodney Abbot is said to have been born Jun 11 1802 in Wallingford, CT, according to Vassalboro Town Records, Books I, II & part of Book III Presented to the Maine State Library by Maine Chapters of DAR.
BUT on AmericanAncestors.org we find the following Abbott records in Wallingford CT:
o Joseph m: Rachael Brown of Branford [no date] Vol15 pg 680
o Constant s. Joseph & Rachael b. Dec 24 1764 Vol 15-686
o Thankful d. Joseph & Rachael b. Mar 28 1768 Vol 17-202
o Anne d. Joseph & Rachael b. Aug 3 1770 Vol 17-208
o John s. Joseph & Rachael b. Aug 24 1772 Vol 18-496
o Solomon s. Joseph & Rachael b. Feb 11 1775 Vol 19-221
o Samuel s of Joseph & Rachael b. Mar 4 1777 Vol 21-214
o Rachel d. Joseph & Rachael b. Dec 1 1779 Vol 21-520 & 521
o Joseph Rodney s. Joseph & Rachael b. Jun 11 1782 Vol 22-415
Perhaps our Ezekiel was from CT? Sadly, no Ezekiel was found in Wallingford. The only records for an Ezekiel found in the state of CT 1771-1802 was a birth in Voluntown, CT Jan 5 1782 to Noah Cole & Molly Little, but that Ezekiel died on Nov 10 1792. [Noah probably s. of John Cole & Hannah Newman who m: Nov 13 1746; John probably son of Thomas Cole & Mary Bowen b. Oct 24 1725]
How does Martha Ballard know of our Ezekiel & what about the other Cool, Cole or Coal people in her diary? Could any other these Coles be related to our Ezekiel?
Perhaps we might be looking for a family of Coles that has these members c1785-1810, but I have yet to locate the specific family they belong to:
Old Lady Coal
Mrs. Coal who spins wool
Cate/Katherine (who m: Joseph Williams)
Jenny (who’s mother might live nearby)
Hannah (who works with Martha for years, definitely a sister of Peggy; appears close to Mrs.
Peggy (definitely a sister of Hannah d. Jul 25 1787)
Polly who drowned Sep 4 1789
Charlotte - [I have to research her more as it seems she might have a story...]
See A Midwife's Tale by Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, Chapter 5:
"Martha was not summoned, however, to what may have been an even more sensational
delivery. On August 29, 1795, Henry Sewall reported in his diary that "last night Charlotte
Cool, who lives in character of Household Servant, gave birth to a second bastard child at
Peter Parkers, said to be by Colo. Wm. H---d."For Sewall, there must have been great
satisfaction in the event. Mrs. Parker, the woman whom Martha delivered in December
of 1793, had earlier sued him before Judge North for slander. Sewall had apparently spread,
though not originated, rumors about her (or her maid's?) alliance with Colonel Howard.48
As usual, the details are missing, but the underlying issue -the Colonel's behavior- seems
clear. It was one thing for young couples to have a child born too soon after marriage,
another for public officials like Howard and Davis to flout local norms. But what was one
to do unless the women themselves were willing to confront the men? Hitty Pierce sued
John Davis, but as far as we know, Charlotte Cool made no effort to prosecute Howard.49 " Need to see Henry Sewall's Diary Sewall, Henry 1776 - 1842
Location of original: Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts
The 1850 Census in Saco lists a Charlotte Cole b. 1763 as a pauper in the Almshouse. It seems
she could have been born May 1763 in Saco but no parents listed & died Aug 24 1850, also
no parents listed - no idea if this was the same woman who Ballard & Sewell speak of or not.
In Martha's diary she specifically mentions the following:
“Cate Coole here.” Mar 3-5 1785;
[It seems “Mrs Williams” below is probably Katherine Coole who married Joseph Williams
in Hallowell Sept 1 1785]
“Jenny Cool calld going to See her Mother.” - May 18 1786
“Jenny Coole here, Drank Tea” - Jun 10 1786
“Peggy & Hannah Cool here.” - Jan 7 1787
“Hannah Cool Sleeps here, Danl Robbins also.” Mar 31 1787
“Hannah Cool Came here to work.” Apr 2 1787
“Hanh Cool & Dolly spn 5 skeins Linn” Apr 3 1787
“Dolly & Hann Cool washt” Apr 3 1787
“Hannah Cool & dolly went to mr Pollards to wind & warp a Piece.” Apr 14 1787
“mrs Williams & Peggy Cool here. Hannah Cool went to Varsalboro yesterd & returnd to Day.” Apr 25 1787 “Hannah Cool went to meeting.” Apr 29 1787
“Dolly & Hannah Cool Dropt aftern.” May 19 1787
“Hannah Coll Sett the webb to work.” May 25 1787
“Hannah Cool at mr Williamss.” Jun 3 1787
“Hannah Cool got the web out, 35-1/2 yds. there was 93 Skeins of yarn filld into it.” Jun 4 1787
“Hannah Cool Bot a gown patron at mr Franks.” Jun 9 1787
“Hannah Cool warpt our gouns and went to mr Densmors to have her goun Cut out.” Jun 12 1787
“I quilld for hannah Cool.” [also “Peggy Came from Springers, Enforms yt mrs Lumber is Dangers ly Sick lately, put to bed with a Son. “ – not sure if Peggy Cool or not] Jun 25 1787
“Hannah Coole gone to mrs Sewall” Jul 2 1787
“Hannah Cool unwell, her throat sore.” Jul 6 1787
“hannah Cool remains unwell. I Sett up wh her till 11 O Clok. “ Jul 7 1787
“ Peggy Coole here to See hannah, who remains poorly.” Jul 9 1787
“HannahCool is Better.” Jul 10 1787
“ Hannah Cool gone to See her Sister Pegy who is Sick.” Jul 24 1787
“ I was Calld to Doct Coneys to See Pegg Cool who is near Expireing, from there was Calld to See mrs Brown who has a Dread full Lame hand. went Back to the Doctrs, Set up all night. Peggy Expird about 2 O Clok y s morn. “ Jul 25 1787
“ Came back to mr Pollards, went from thence to fort western; attended funeral of Pegy Cool. from that to Georg Browns.” Jul 27 1787
“Hannah Cool gott mrs Norths web out at the Loome.” Aug 6 1787
“Went from mrs Howards to See mrs Williams, find her very unwell. Hannah Cool is there.” Aug 7 1787
“Hanh Cool Came home. “ Aug 8 1787
“Hannah Cool came [here].” Aug 28 1787
“mr Williams & his wife Drank Tea here. Hannah Coole went from here this morn.” Sep 3 1787
“I went to williamss to settle with Hanh Cool.” Oct 9 1787
“Genny Cool here.” Oct 21 1787
“Mrs Williams Safe Delivrd of a Dafter at 7 O Clok morn, I tarried with her all day. he Brot Hannah Coolto nurs, mrs Pollard, Porter, Childs & Foster were assistants, all went home after Breakts “ Nov 27 1787
“Hannah & Polly Cool here Evinng.” Dec 7 1787
“Hannah Cool here for herbs for mrs Williams who has took Cold.” Dec 16 1787
“mrss Cool & Gordin here.” Mar 17 1788
“mr Williams & wife & Children & Hannah Coolhere.” Mar 22 1788
“Joseph Williams went to Doct Williams to be Docterd. Hannah Cool went to be his Nurs.” Mar 23 1788
“Polly Cool here.” May 8 1788
“ Clear. I went to mr Williamss. Sally is no Better. I wentto See mrs Porter. Receivd my fee of ye Capt in things in The Store 7/. I Came back to Wms. Sally had an ill Turn. we were apprehensive it was Near Expireing. the Neighbs were Called in; it had revivals through the night. I tarried all night, Dolly also, & mr Crages till 2hmorn. Hannah Cools Came there & was very faint & poorly. mrs Williams had fitts.” Jun 2 1788
“Hanh Cool went away ys morn.” Jun 3 1788
“at Nr Wilmss; he is poorly; his wife unwell yet. Patty much the Same. Polly Coole there.” Jun 15 1788
“I Calld to See mr Williams; he Seems more Composed. Polly Cool there.” Jul 18 1788
“mrs Williams & Polly Cool & mr Savage here after nn.” Aug 1 1788
“I Came home; left mrs Williams very ill. I Slept Some & went there again at Evin. mrs Pollard & others there. Charlotte & Polly Cool there.” Sep 7 1788
“wido Wilms & Charlotte Cool here at Eving.” Dec 14 1788
“mrs Coal Dind here, Lidia Foster here.” Aug 29 1789
“PollyCoolDrowned” Sep 4 1789
“we are informd ytPolly Cool was Drownd yester morn” Sep 5 1789
“mrs Coal & David Flelchers wife Dind here.” Jan 15 1790
Three years without a mention of the Cool/Coal Family
“7 paid to Ebenz Cole 2 Dolrs.” Dec 31 1793
“mrs Cowin was Lingering and very much Deprest in Spirits. we Calld mrs Fletcher. mrs CoalCalld there.” May 6 1793
Another three years without a mention of the Cool/Coal Family
“A young man by ye name of Ebenz Coal Came to work here the 12th inst.” Apr 14 1796 [This Coal doesn’t seem to be directly related to the other women if you go by the way she words it, it implies they didn’t really know him ]
“EbenZCole has workt with our OXen for mr Child.” Sep 21 1796
“EbenZ [Cool] Left here.” Oct 24 1796
“Ebenz Cole Sleeps here.” Dec 5 1796
“EbenZ Cole began to work for us, he has agreed to tarrie one month.” Dec 6 1796
“EbenZ Coalhere” May 14 1797
“Son Ephm & Ebenz Colehere.” Apr 16 1797
“EbenzCoal here after meeting, Supt with us.” Jul 30 1797
“mr Ballard, EbenZ Coal, Enoch Hoit and a mr Warrin Sett out at noon to do a Job of Surveying at Boudenham.” Sep 18 1797
“Son Ephm & EbnColeDind here.” Oct 15 1797
“Coal & Hoit left here bound for home.” Oct 30 1797
Another three years without a mention of the Cool/Coal Family
“Dagt Ballard & Childn, Son Ephm, mrss Edson & Cole took Tea with us.” Nov 4 1800
“Hannah Coole, mr Burtun & A Daughtr of mgr Pains have Calld here.” Jul 1 1801
“Old Lady Coal Sleeps here. Shee, Jona, his wife and 4 Childn to Tea with us.” Jul 20 1803
“mrs Coal went away.” Jul 21 1803
“the wife of Ezekiel CoalExpird this night Soon after Delivery, has left an InfantDagt. “ Jul 30 1803
“Cyrus Carried my wool to mrs Coal to spin.” Aug 16 1803
“mrsCoal Came here foren and dind here.” Sep 22 1804
“Cyrus Sett out aftern with my wool. / at my Sons, and workt in my gardn. Cyrus gone with roals to mrs Coalto be Spun.” Sep 24 1804
“mr Coal brot me 21 yds Cloth which his wife spun and got wove for me. I paid him 2 Dollars and Dagt Pollard had Sent her Dito before.” Apr 15 1805
“mrs Coal Came here. my husband paid her 5 Dollars which was all we owd her for work Shee had done for us. Shee Sleeps here.” Feb 26 1806
“mrs Cool left here for Colo Howards.” Feb 27 1806
“mrs Coal Dind with us.” Nov 30 1807
“Clear foren, Cloudy aftn. Son & Dagt Ballard Came in here near night, Wilm & James with them. inform that a Son of Ezra Crosby was killd by a Logg roaling on to him as he was loading it & that Ezekiel Coal of Varsalboro fell with a Stick of wood he was Carrying on his Sholder which put a period to his life. / Son Jona, his wife, [&] part of ye Childn here. News of Deaths by accidents. Ephm & Wm Sleep here.” Mar 11 1810
“mr Coal fel from his hors at [Jonas]. “ Nov 24 1810
What Cole Families lived in the areas of Sidney / Vassalboro / Nobleboro / Waldoborough / Hollowell during the late 1790’s & early 1800’s? What can we figure out about them?
1790 1800 1810
Samuel in Hallowell, ME None in Hallowell None in Hallowell
- 1m & 1f
Isaac in “Nobleborough” Isaac in Vassalborough Isaac died a22 [?] in 1807
-2m under 16 -2m 16-25 & 1 female 26-44
1m over 16 & 3f; arrived 1795 from “Me”
Jabish in “Nobleborough”
-1m over 16 & 1f;
Ables in “Nobleborough”
- one male over 16.
Isiah: Waldoborough 3m under 10; 1m 10-15; 1m 45 or over; 2 f under 10; 2f 10-15;
Abel: Waldoborough 1m under 10; 2m 10-15; 2m 16-25; 1m over 45; 1f under 10;
1f 16-25; 1f 16-25; 1f 26-44 – origin isn’t clear/chopped off
No Coles in Sidney
No Coles in Vassalborough
John in Sidney John in Sidney
2f – 10; 1m & 1f 26-44 1m & 1f 45+; 2f 10-15;
Samuel in Sidney Samuel H. in Sidney
1m & 1f 45+ & 1f 16-25. 1m & 1f 45+
Our Polly in Vassalborugh
2m -10; 2f -10; 1f 16-25
If you notice, it doesn’t really seem realistic that this was all the same Isaac who was 22 when he died – so it seems either there was a different Isaac or that Isaac was born earlier than 1785.
Focusing on the counties above & assuming for a second that Ezekiel Cole was born about 1775-1784 [male 16-25] & could be in the home of a Cole parent or sibling on Aug 4 1800 – what families would he fit? The results are these with green being the most likely options in my opinion -most of the blues I have not fully researched yet but I will say it doesn't appear he was of theWinthrop Family :
John: 4m under 10; 2m 10-15; 1m 16-25; 1m 26-44; 1f under 10; 1f 10-15; 1f 26-44; total
under 16=8; over 25=2; Total=11 – origin chopped off – naturally….
Isaac: 2m 15-25; 1f 26-44, arrived 1795 from “Me”
Isiah: 3m under 10; 1m 10-15; 1m 45 or over; 2 f under 10; 2f 10-15; 1f 26-44
Abel: 1m under 10; 2m 10-15; 2m 16-25; 1m over 45; 1f under 10; 1f 16-25; 1f 16-25;
1f 26-44 – origin isn’t clear/chopped off
“___nkport”??? Joseph crossed of with: “Rueben [?] Cole” written in, 1m 16-25; 1m 45 or over; 1f 45 and over [“Do” Cape Cod]
Benjamin: 2m under 10; 1m 10-15; 1m 16-25; 1m 26-44; 1f 16-25; 1f 26-44 – has a squiggle?
It says Newbury above it
Thomas: 1m under 10; 2m 10-15; 1m 16-25; 1m 26-44; 1f 10-15; 1f over 45
Abijah: 1m under 10; 1m 10-15; 2m 16-25; 1m 26-44; 3f under 10; 1f 10-15; 1f 16-25; 1f 26-44
These were ruled out as having a man his age:
Cynthia: 3 males under 10; 1 male 10-15; 1 female under 10; 1 female 26-44;
Samuel: 1m under 10; 1m 26-44; 2f under 10; 1f 26-44
Samuel: 1m over 45; 1f 16-25; 1f over 45
John: 1m 26-44; 2f under 10; 1f 26-44;
Benjamin: 1m under 10; 1m 10-15; 1m 26-44; 1f under 10; 1f 10-15; 1f 26-44
William: 1m under 10; 1m 26-44; 3f under 10; 1f 26-44
Ebenezer: 1m 16-25; 1f 16-25
Reuben “Cawell” 1m under 10; 1m 26-44; 1f under 10; 1f 16-25
Joseph “Cohial”: 2m under 10; 1m 10-15; 1m over 45; 1f under 10; 2f 10-15; 1f 26-44;
1f over 45
Henry: 1m over 45; 1f over 45
Joshua: 1m under 10; 1m 10-15; 1m 26-44; 1f under 10; 1f 10-15; 1f 26-44
Joseph: [see Rueben above]
Jone Jr.[corrected to Samuel on ancestry]
This is weird…when you click on the page for “Jone Jr” which has been corrected to say “Samuel” the page actually says Joseph/Rueben – noted above – then- :
“Sam’l Cole Jun”1m under 10; 2m 10-15; 1m 26-44; 1f under 10; 1f 26-44 [Cape Cod].
These both are for a location “______nkport”, at the bottom of the page it has “Buckstown” with no other Coles listed. The next page also has no Coles.
Now, it is of course possible he was in another state in 1800 or in a household that was not a Cole Family or perhaps he was his own head of household but was left off the census entirely by accident…who the heck knows…
The only Ezekiel Cole(s) in the country on the 1800 are: one in Maryland , “Ezekiel Cowles” in Farmington Connecticut [looks like he stayed there] & one in Pennsylvania
Perhaps Ezekiel & Martha Ballard’s other Cool/Coal women could fit in the family of Jabez/Jabesh Cole. So in beginning to trace this family it seems so far that:
Jabish/Jabez Cole (son of Nathaniel Cole & Abigail West ? who m: Aug 4 1714 in Duxbury) married Grace Keen in Pembroke, MA Aug 23 1744 (d. 1777 dau Samuel Keen & Ruth Sprague) & had several children there before moving to Waldoborough, ME
1. West Cole b. June 17 1745;bp. Jul 22 1745 in Duxbury; m: Margaret Robinson on Mar 6 1774
1. Nathaniel Cole b. Dec 13 1774
2. Nathaniell Cole b. Feb 22 1747 in Pembroke
3. Abel Cole b. Feb 19 1749 Pembroke; bp Apr 1 1750; m: Mrs/Miss Sarah Chapman, dau of Ralph Chapman both of Waldoborough, married by Waterman Thomas of Waldoborough, Justice of the Peace, on Aug 25, 1776 in Waldoborough (image)
[Find a Grave says: Abel Cole b. 1753 d. Jun 29 1809 – it’s from a military grave marker record]Abel Cole of Waldoboro Lincoln County Rev Pension File on Heritage Quest about a80 in 1833, is believed to be a soldier but has no proof. Born in Pembroke 1752 & previous to the war came to live in Waldoborough where he continues to reside, states in 1776 he enlisted with Cap Benjamin Plummer of damiscotta & served 6months recg only a verbal discharge., after that was a seaman on the armed sloop Union commanded by Isaac Somes [?] & served 3 months, ater that in Jul 1777 was on the boat “Tory Scourge” under Cap Nathaniel Soule. States Isaiah cole & John Fitzgerald both of Waldoborough are well acquainted with him and will testify to his character for truth and also credibility of his present declarations. Isaaiah Cole & John Fitzgerald swear they are well acquainted with Cole & believe him to be a man of truth & about 80y old & is believed to be a soldier in the Rev War, and I isaih Cole Jun certify that I enlisted at the same time with Abel in Capt Plummer’s Co. which was raised or the special
purpose of guarding the shore. Isaiah states he was also aboard the private armed sloop Union with him. He does receive the pension.
1. Isaac Cole b. 1785 [?] m: Anna Howland He d. Apr 22 1807 a22 4m in Vassalboro, ME
1. Joseph Howland Cole b. Sep 10 1803 Abel Cole son of Abel Cole deeds land in
West Gardiner to Joseph Cole heir of Abel. Deed 61-189
2. Henry Getchell Cole b. Jul 5 1806
In Kennebec there is a deed between Isaac Cole & John Getchell in Vassalboro.
8-245 dated Dec 1804 Isaac of Vassalboro Cabinetmaker. None are found for
Ann. A deed is found between
Isaac’s two sons in 1832 75-169-see also the deed on the same page but dated 1828 from Joseph Howland. In the The New England Historical & Genealogical Register, 1847-2011 Vol 69 (1915) pg 73 “Friend’s Records at Vassalborough Maine ” we find Isaac Cole died 22, 4mo in 1807 [d. Apr 22 1807], Anna Cole (his wife)[Howland?], died 14, 12 mo., 1815 [d. Dec 14 1815] children [b. Vassalboro] Joseph Howland Cole, b. 10, 9mo., 1803 [b. Sep 10 1803] & Henry Getcell Cole b. 5, 7 mo., 1806 [b. Jul 5 1806]
4. Abigail Cole b. Jan 9 1754 [Abagail, d. Joseph, P.R.1.] m: Levi Soul of Waldoborough, son of Capt. Nathen Soul of Waldoborough, married by Waterman Thomas of Waldoborough Justice of Peace on Dec 15 1776 in Waldoborough (images but not indexed correctly)
5. Isiah Cole b. May 21, 1757 [ch. Jabez, CR] [ Isaih, s. Joseph and w. ] m: Mary Catherine _______
Jan 24 1779 in Waldoboro [ Pension Heritage Quest] He was the one to get the Federal Land grant to Waldoborough - 1790 Census;1800 Census; 1810 Census; 1820 Census; 1830 Census; Maine Veteran Cemetery records: Isaiah H. Cole b. 1757 d. Nov 6 1836 in Waldoboro, ME (image) Rev war, Village Cemetery, buried Nov 9 1836, Lot 13, Grave No. 1, Book No. 32 Page No. 264, Next of Kin (not named) Date of Enlistment June 30, 1775 at Waldoboro, Maine, Discharged Jun 1 1780, Army, Private, Upright Stone, Marker & Flag, War Record: Capt. Benjamin Boune’s Co. Lt Col. William Bond’s late Gardner’s 37th Regt. Also Josiah Cole’s Waldoboro, Maine Private Light Infantry Co. Col. Henry Jackson’s Regt., Capt. Nathaniel Jarvis’ Co. Also Lt Thomas Hunt’s Co. Capt. William Scott’s Light Infantry.
Service in the Continetal Army. Source: Mass. S&S of Rev. vol. 3 Pages 765-776; Flagg’s
Journal of Pensioners, page 122. Isaiah Cole a83 d. Nov 6 1836 in Waldoborough, ME hus of Mary C. ; 1850 Census Waldoboro There is a Mary C. Cole a91 [b.1759] b. Maine with James Cole a55, Lucy Cole a50, & Levi Soule a19
Maine Revolutionary Land Grants: Isaiah Cole Waldoboro, ME
Fold3 only has Final Payment Vouchers – Isaiah Cole d. Oct 17 1836 & Mary Catherine Cole (widow of Isaiah) d. Aug 13 1854; Heritage Quest has the file but it’s not very big or detailed. It states they married Jan 24 1779 in Waldoboro by Rev Schaffer
Samuel Hill Cole of Hallowell & Sidney – seems like he could be the son of Isaiah, BUT doesn’t seem to be the father of Ezekiel, according to the 1790 & 1800 Censuses.
No deeds were found for Samuel in Sidney or Vassalboro.
Tax Records Sidney, ME Samuel Hill Cole 1798
Marriages Hallowell, ME: Samuel Hill Cole & Betsy [Int. Mrs Betty] Trask, [int. Jue 12, 1780]
Sept. 22, 1781
6. Ruth Cole. bp Apr 25, 1762 m: George Lisner in Waldobro on May 4 1789 (no image – doesn’t state parents)
7. William Cole. bp Sep 8 1765 CR2
8. Cephas Cole bp. Jan 13, 1768 C.R.2. [s. Joseph, P.R. 1] m: Esther _______ who d. Sep 5 1846 in
Waldoboro, ME. 1850 Census Waldoboro Cephus Cole b. 1792 [Head] w/ Richard Flannegan a56, Geo S. Chapman a28, Oliver C. Skiner a28, Sarah G. Skinner a22, Oliver W. Skinner a1, Margaret Light a 26, Octavia Bryant a22, Elizabeth Flannegan a16
9. Isaac Cole? See the 1790 Census
Ok – so in summary where does this lead us besides in circles…
Well, I think the best theory is that our Ezekiel was a grandchild of Jabesh Cole –he could be the son of any male heir, but seems the best ones to check first are Abel & Isaiah. He would fit in either one of their homes age wise in 1800, and their close proximity to Nobleboro & the possibility Martha Ballard would know the families is high. Still though no proof.
The research plan from here is to travel to Waldoborough & Lincoln County Court in an attempt to find anything that might indicate the families of Isaiah, Abel & others more completely. I welcome all hints!!!
Joseph Rodney Cole's father was Ezekiel Cole and his mother was Ezekiel’s 2nd wife Polly Lovejoy. Ezekiel’s parentage & origin has been rather difficult to confirm & trace, due to a lack of records. I have looked numerous places, but have not been able to find an actual record notation indicating his age or origin yet despite what some online trees and secondary sources indicate. Although there was an Ezekiel born in the Middleton/Bridgewater area to Edward & Betsy Cole who apparently had children & died prior to 1825, plus had a sister-in-law named Alden, I don’t believe that is enough proof to establish this couple as his parents as tempting as it may be. In next week’s post I’ll delve a little deeper into theory but for this week, let’s focus on what the records indicate.
It is clear he was in Maine prior to the end of 1802, because he married Elizabeth Hastings Feb 10 1803 recorded in Augusta, ME and also in Sidney, ME. According to the Town Clerk in Sidney that marriage record does not say he was from Bridgewater, MA. It states only that they were both from Sidney at the time, the same goes for additional sources which record the intention & marriage
He has not been found on the 1800 Census anywhere, so it is unclear where he was then. He most likely was in someone else’s home. We know there is a court doc May 1803 in which Ezekiel Cole of Sidney is a defendant in a Judgment recovery case, but unfortunately the only notation found in the Maine State Archives was a microfilm docket list which showed no further pertinent information
Ezekiel’s 1st wife, Elizabeth Cole, died shortly after giving birth to a daughter Jul 30 1803, both events are recorded in Martha Ballard’s Diary
In 1806 “Ezekiel Cole of Sidney” purchased a certain tract of land in Vassalboro from Benjamin Woodbridge. Vassalboro (Kennebec County) Deed: bk 100 pg 320 & 321
“Know all men by the presents, that I Benjamin Woodbridge of Vassalborough in the County of Kennebec, yeoman, in consideration of sity dollars to me paid by Ezekiel cole of Sidney in said County, yeoman, (the receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge) do hereby give, grant, sell & convey unto the said Cole a certain tract or parcel of land in said Vassalboro being part of lot number 77 of the front range of lots which are usually known &t called by the name of the first range of losts & bounded as follows, viz. beginning on the easterly side of the county road at the centre of said lot thence running east south east eihty rods, thence north north east twelve rods, thence west north west80 rods to the county road aforesaid, thence by said road to the bounds first mentioned- containing six acres. To have& to hold to the same said Cole his heirs & assigns to his & their use & benefit forever. And I do covenant with the said Cole his heirs & assigns that I am lawfully seized in fee of the premises that they are free of all incumbances that I have good right to sell & convey the same of the said Cole, & that I will warrant & defend the same to the said Cole his heirs & assigns forever against the lawful claims & demands of any persons. – In witness whereof I the said Benjamin Woodbridge have hereunto set my hand & seal this ninth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and six. – Benjamin Woodbridge & Lydia Woodbridge – appeared May 27 1806 in person to James Brackett JP”
Ezekiel Cole’s death is noted in Ballard’s Diary as well on Mar 11 1810. It states “Ezekiel Coal of Varsalboro fell with a Stick of wood he was Carrying on his Sholder which put a period to his life”
The 1810 Census shows Polly listed without Ezekiel in Vassalboro. She 2 has two young males & 2 young daughters with her
I checked to see if maybe Moses Nickles acquired the land Ezekiel owned, but no deed was found for the sale of the property under Mary/Polly Cole or Nic*, however I did find a deed # 50-451 from Moses Nickles to Nathaniel Lovejoy in 1824:
“Know all men by these presents that I Moses Nickles in consideration of seventy five dollars to me paid by Nath’l Lovejoy the receipt I do hereby acknowledge do hereby give grant , sell & convey unto the said Lovejoy a certain house and lot on which the same now stands bounded as my fence now stands being the same house and lot which I now live in Vasalboro in the County of Kennebec standing near Edward/Edmond Thatcher’s house. To have and to hold the same to the said Lovejoy his heirs & assigns to his & their benefit forever. And I do covenant with the said Lovejoy his heirs & assigns that I am lawfully seized in of the premises:that they are free of all encumbrances: that I have good right to sell and convey the same to the said Lovejoy. And that I will warrant & defend the same to the said Lovejoy, his heirs & assigns forever against the lawful claims & demands of any persons claiming from by or under one of my heirs or assigns. In witness whereof I the said Moses Nickles have here unto set my hand & seal this twenty first day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred twenty four in the presence of John abbott – [Signed] Moses Nickles signed sealed and delivered”
When Mary died is unclear and a cemetery record has not been found for her either. It seems she died between 1820-1840 in Vassalboro, ME, but the deed above makes me wonder if she died as early as 1824.
Ezekiel Cole & Elizabeth Hastings had:
1. Elizabeth Hastings Cole b. Jul 30 1803
Moses Hastings & Hannah Marsh. An intention to marry John Cross was filed on Mar 17 1829
John Cross & Elizabeth Cole had:
[See page 469a in Illustrated History of Kennebec County, Maine, by Kingsbury & Deyo]
1. John Melvin Cross
1. Lillian M. Cross m. William L. Thompson of Augusta, ME
2. Burton M. Cross
2. Caroline Augusta Cross
3. Mary Ellen Cross
Ezekiel Cole & Polly/Mary Lovejoy had:
2. Joseph Rodney Cole born Dec. 31, 1805 at Sidney, ME - see previous post, but also note since that
post an intention to marry has been found in Vital Records of Sidney, Maine Books I & II [Maine State Library] “Mr. Joseph R. Cole, & Miss Sophia Russell, both of Sidney, Sept 24, 1837”
3. William Lovejoy Cole born Apr. 24, 1807 in Vasselboro, ME
4. Mary Alden Cole born Feb 2 1809 in Vassalboro, ME
whereabouts after 1810. I have been able to rule out that she was definitely NOT the wife of William
W. Allen who is in Boston Ward 12 in 1850 & 1860 with various Cole & Lovejoy family members in their home. This woman was Mary H. Ulmar b. 1809
5. Lucy A. Cole b: abt Aug 28, 1811 (calc) d: Sept 11 1888 in Forest Hills, recorded in Malden, Ma
77y 14d p: listed as Ezekial & Mary (NEGHS)
half-sister Lavonia (Nickles) Bassett & her children
Moses Nicholas & Polly/Mary (Lovejoy) Cole had:
1. George W. Nicholas b. 1814
2. Lovina Nicholas b.1814
divorced in Nov 1854m in Kennebec, ME
1. Mary T. Bassett b. 1835 d. 1901 Cambridge, MA m: Charles H. Hollis 2. Abigail Bassett b. 1832 ME m: Charles Lovejoy
3. Joseph Bassett b. 1834
4. Olive Bassett b. 1839 m: Simon W. Gile, a26, Provisions Dealer, son of Feb 24 1857
in Boston, dau of Jabez a18 b. Providencetown?[no mo] She died of Kidney disease
“Olive F. (m.n. Basset) Gile” b. Augusta, ME d. Aug 24 1898 in Boston widow of Simon
W. Gile 26 yrs, fa: ? Bassett mo: not listed
5. Alexander Bassett b. 1845 Me [w/ freeman Family- 1855 & 1860] May have deserted
Civil War in July 1862 in Warrenton, VA – Co E 13th Regiment - per annual Report of
the Adjutant General of the commonwealth of Massachusetts 1864 pg 425 on
Ancestry.com, but it seems the same man was in two from Massachusetts one Co E
13th , woodturner, Enl Jun 29 1861, survived the war, just show mustered out Jul 14
1862 near Warrenton, VA & another Co A 29th ,woodturner, survived the war mustered
out Jul 6 1861, enl a19; 1870 Census w/ Mary Hollis in Taunton; maybe 1880
Cambridge as a single, a32, student??? 1868; 1875; 1876; 1877 Cambridge
6. Samuel Bassett b. 1847 ME [1860 6th Ward Boston w/ Simon Gile/Cole & Olive?;
1870w/ freeman Family?-] m: Jun 13 1875 in Cambridge, MA, Catherine A. Powers
a21 b. Ireland dau of John & Ellen; says he is the son of “Cole” & “Alvona”, a30
Teamster,removed to Michigan. D. Jun 29 1941 Iron Mountain, MI b. Sep 10 1841 in
Bangor, ME son of Jobe Bassett & Mary Lavonia Cole [Nichols?]
3. Samuel Nicholas b. 1817
p: listed as Ezekial & Mary (NEGHS)
Amylynne (Baker) Murphy
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