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Peter Baker was born on 5 Sep 1755 in Littleton, MA, son of Joseph Baker Jr & Sarah Wheeler, and lived in Littleton MA growing up.[i] He became a Revolutionary Solder and served 1775-1779.[ii] Several years after the war Peter married Lydia Dudley of New Ipswich, NH, daughter of Stephen Dudley and Lydia Harwood on 14 Nov 1783 in Littleton, MA.[iii]. She was originally from Littleton MA too & was born there on 11 Aug 1762.[iv] When they first got married they lived in New Ipswich, NH,[v] and then removed to Westmoreland, NH sometime before the 1790 US Census.[vi]
“Was said that he ran away c1799 and left his family, some of them
quite small at the time.” ~History of Westmoreland NH
Peter. Peter. Peter. What the heck?
Piecing it all Together
The image above is page 331 of The History of Westmoreland NH. As you can see this one family summary brings us all the way back to my 6x great grandfather Capt Joseph Baker, from my great grandfather Albert, but there are some mysteries & struggles along the way, to start with, Peter. Although this book published in 1976 and it is an excellent find, it is an undocumented secondary source which is not “proof” in & of itself.
On the bright-side though, if you look closely inside the cover jacket, it offers us at least a credible source for the information. It states “Ella Patten Abbott, born in Westmoreland in 1847, provided the basis for this detailed genealogical data.” That places Ella a little younger than my 2x great grandfather, William A. Baker, but clearly living during the same time period as our family members.
It looks like Ella moved to Westmoreland sometime between the ages of 2 & 12, and continued to live there until 1875 when she married & was in Holiston NH for a while. Sometime between 1900 – 1910 she moves from Somerville, MA back to Westmoreland NH. 1920 & 1930 she is in Keene where she dies in 1935. [vii]
So, it seems a reasonable time frame for the period of her work would be about 1905 - 1915, give or take. The reason why we are going through figuring all this out is to add creditably to her work as time period work and try to figure out who her Baker source was. Her work seems very accurate in much of the book and in our entire Baker page, there are only a few inconsequential errors. For example, Lydia Dudley was born 1762, not 1763. There is no evidence Judge was Asa or Alden’s middle names. James was not a lawyer, and Charles has yet to be found in any record.
I think if she was researching between 1905-1915, she may have found the only living child of Larkin at that time who was Sarah Josephine, aka Josie. But she also may have asked any one of William A.’s children. c1910 Albert was in Medford, MA; George was in Boston; William A. Jr was in Portsmouth NH then out west to California; Kate Mabel died in 1911, & Josie died 1908 in RI. Therefore, quite honestly, she could have talked to any of them.
The Ella Patten Abbott Collection was found at The Historical Society of Cheshire County (CCHS).[viii] According to a correspondence with the Director of the Cheshire County Historical Society, the “Ella Patten Abbott Collection” indicates the following:
Now is as good a time as any to discuss briefly what was not found:
UPDATE 2.22.17: When I first posted this I noted that the Hillsborough County Deeds for Peter Baker still need to be checked. I have now done that. There were two deeds with Peter Baker's name, one was a Grantee & the other Grantor. Neither really gleaned that much insight on relationships.
25 Apr 1787 - 21-149 Stephen Dudley Estate by Admrx Lydia Dudley of Littleton MA to Peter Baker of New Ipswich NH, Yeoman, 90 acres in New Ipswich, original water damaged Copied in book 2-338
2 Sept 1788 21-147 Peter Baker of New Ipswich NH, yeoman, to Isaac Wood of Rindge NH, 90 acres in New Ipswich, original water damaged Copied in book 2-337.
2 Sept 1788 21-147 Lydia Baker Et al to Isaac Wood, 90 acres in New Ipswich, original water damaged Copied in book 2-337.
UPDATE: 2.23.17: Stephen Dudley's Probate in Hillsborough County NH does mention Peter, but does not identify the relationship or mention his wife Lydia.
We can be sure from Cheshire County Deeds that Peter Baker of Westmoreland was married to Lydia & was a farmer, having been considered either a Husbandman or Yeoman on the deeds. We also can see both the Peter Baker Farm and the Pierce Farm were located in what was called Pitch No. 6, and were both purchased from a John & Mary Baker, who had previously purchased the land from Samuel Works. [ix] [Most of this land seems to be now owned by the Cheshire County Farm]
This immediately this raises the question – Who are John & Mary Baker? Are they related? John Baker lived in Westmoreland in 1790 according to the census. He had 5 males over 16, 2 under 16 & 2 females. It seems like he could still be living there at the end of 1799 in deed 33-39. Truth is… I don’t know exactly who he is or where he removes to after this. Given our line is very solid between Peter & his parents, I didn’t spend too much time on that mystery. It is entirely possible they were related somehow uncle, nephew or cousins, but it is just as likely they were not. Perhaps John Baker’s other deeds & probate records may show more information some still need to be checked.
UPDATE 2.23.17: I believe this John was Peter's first cousin, son of his Uncle John Baker & wife Elizabeth Gleason.- See the sketch for Capt Joseph & Alice Jefts for an update there. It's also interesting to note that he pretty much disappears about the same time as Peter and the 1800 Census for him in Westmoreland NH names "Alese Baker" who if was his daughter - was only 9 yrs old which is rather bizarre.
Ok, back to Peter & what his deeds show.
The CC Grantee Deeds show Peter Baker bought 95 acres through the following transactions:
24-234: 7 Apr 1792 Husbandman, 35 aces Westerly part of Pitch No 6, plus another piece of an unknown amount on the north side of the road from John & Mary Baker
24-236: 2 Dec 1794 Husbandman, 10 acres of Governor’s Farm from John & Mary Baker
29-103: 6 May 1796 Yeoman, 50 aces from the Works Estate - near Canoe meadow –thru William Hutchins, Executor
26-308 & 309: 19 Dec 1795 Lease of 7 acres for three years from John Baker, occupations of either party are not named.
18 Aug 1795, we can see Peter in the newspaper……The Rising Sun, Peter is a commissioner to examine the estate of Samuel Works Esq. which I would guess would mean at this time he was fairly respected.
Through the CC Grantor Deeds we can see the following transactions:
32-86 & 87: 2 Jun 1796 Husbandman, 35 acres to Stephen Streeter [29-103 – Works Estate]
40-271: 24 Sep 1796 Yeoman, 10 acres to Oneb Scott [29-103 – Works Estate]
29-184 & 185: 23 Feb 1798 Husbandman, Mortgage 220.00 + lawful interest in 2 yrs with John Tuttle of Littleton, Yeoman on:
35 acres westerly part of No 6 [24-234]
Piece on the north side of the road [24-234]
10 acres Gov. Farm [from John & Mary Baker [24-236]
50 acres Excepting *35 acres sold to Stephen Streeter [32- 86 * 87] & Oreb Scott [40-271]
*This was actually 45 acres of the 50 purchased on 29-103
33-39 & 40: 11 Nov 1799 No Occ., “All of said land which I have not formerly deeded to others”
(names Street & Scott)
Sold to Asa Britton of Chesterfield for 400 dollars, containing 4 pieces:
10 acres Gov. Farm [24-236]
35 acres near his dwelling house & west. part of No 6 [24-234]
Another piece north side of road [24-234]
22.50* acres from Works Estate
….but there were only 5 acres left from Works estate…?
11 Nov 1799 is the last known notation of Peter Baker before his disappearance in 1800. Could his vanishing act have something to do with selling 17.5 acres of land he didn’t have, or the fact that his mortgage was up with John Tuttle in 3 months; did Tuttle get paid? Is this in part why Peter says he is in debt 800.00 in his pension file? And did this leave Lydia & the family homeless? Maybe the key is to look for deeds & other documentation for these men, John Tuttle of Littleton MA, Asa Britton of Westmoreland; Stephen Streeter & Oneb Scott. This is also on the to-do list.
Quick explanation of the social classes of the time. Generally, deeds & other records identify a man by where he lives & what he does for a living. This comes in very handy in genealogical work because it can sort out different men by the same name, or give us an idea of the decline or increase in social status, as well as other things. It can be tricky though as some terms were used loosely and may have had more to do with the respect between the parties, or the opinion of the person writing the document.
It is said during this time period, a “Husbandman” usually meant that he was a farmer that owned his own land vs a Yeoman who was generally a farmer of a lower class, because he leased or mortgaged the land he farmed. If we were to apply this loose rule of thumb to Peter it would indicate he owned his own land in Westmoreland prior to deed 24-234. He leased more land in 1795, but in 1796 is mentioned as both within a month of each other. The 1799 deed Peter is not identified as Husbandman or Yeoman, instead it states nothing about his occupation. So, in this particular case the rule of thumb for these two terms doesn’t tell us that much in this case, and seems to be loosely regarded. Especially since John Tuttle is regarded as a Yeoman & yet he gives Peter, a Husbandman, a mortgage of 220.00. That said, it is possible that Peter, Husbandman, 1792, did farm his own land in Westmoreland or somewhere else prior to deed 24-234. It is likely that by 1799 when no occupation is listed on his final deed, that he had decreased in social status & may have failed at farming altogether.
From the US Census’ we can see the following. I’ve added notes & names from Bob Schwartz' work. They are valuable possibilities. Bob has also done his best guesstimate for what was going on by 1810 & how many of Lydia’s children & her step children can be found with her & John Darling.
1790 Census for Peter Baker
2 males < 16 Asa (4), Unknown Male
1 males >= 16 Peter (35)
3 females Lydia (28), Sarah (5), Lydia (2)
1800 Census for Peter Baker
1 males < 10 Alden (2)
2 females < 10 Lydia? (12), Polly (3)
1 female 26-44 Lydia (38)
Missing: Peter (45), Sarah (15), Asa (14), James (8), Larkin (5), Charles (0)
The Missing Years
At some point, it seems Peter must have been accepted as dead, because Lydia’s 2nd marriage to John Darling is referenced in Chesterfield History where it states “Wid. Lydia Baker, of Wmd.” They married Nov 27, 1804.[x] John had several children from his previous marriage to Sarah Blood of Groton, MA. They were: John 1778; Nahum 1781; Montgomery 1785; Darius 1787; Boynton 1790; Sarah 1791; Mary Ann 1794; & Louis 1796. [xi]
Where Peter was from 1800-1812 has not been determined despite exhaustive searches by multiple researchers. However, there are a few possible leads, though weak.
List of persons claiming to be citizens of NY who were impressed and detained in the British service for want of documents to prove their citizenship. … Peter Baker –alias Peter Scott. ….Information respecting the above named persons must be transmitted to the Secretary of State, at Washington, or to the Collector at the Port of New York.
The American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States. From the 1st session of the 1st to the 3rd session of the 13th congress, inclusive: commencing March 3, 1789, and ending March 3, 1815, Volume 2:
Seaman’s Names Peter Baker, alias Scott, Date of Impressment 1801, Ships of War into which stated to be impressed or carried, Resolve. Statement: Impressed into the Boston, the commander of which (Douglas) took from him his protection, in whose possession it still remains. Having no documentation to prove his citizenship, refused to be discharged.”
This basically means this guy was impressed (taken captive) into the British Army by Douglas in 1801 on the ship named “Boston”, and was currently on the ship “Resolve”. This implies there was a Seaman’s protection but it was taken from him & Douglas still had possession of it in 1806.
Observations on the Impressment of American seaman by the officers of ships of war……..
Pg 45: Of applications made to the British Government, in cases of Impressments, from the last September, 1804, to 11th May 1805, by George W. Erwing, esquire.
Pg 49: Peter Baker, alias Peter Scott
Personally, I kinda wish he was taken prisoner by the British Army. It would explain a few things, but alas, these notations do not prove this was our Peter. It seems to me he would say he was taken prisoner by the British Navy in his pension papers if he was…although he does end his statement with ”…and further say not”, that phrase was common at that time. The lead should be followed just in case, that way maybe we can rule it out at the very least.
We do know he likely showed up in Mt Holly, VT in 1812 where his then married daughter, Sally/Sarah Cole,[xii] wife of Martin Cole lived.[xiii] The first time he is seen in the records there that I could find was a resource that states a Peter Baker was warned out of Mt Holly VT on Feb 24 1812.[xiv] A “Warning Out” is basically a petition to kick someone out of town for being undesirable or poor.
It seems it is true when Ella writes that Peter abandoned his family c1799-1800, as it is supported by census records,[xv] the deeds mentioned previously, the obituary of Larkin Baker and lack of evidence from him thereafter.[xvi] Given that, wouldn’t be a big surprise if when he first showed up in his daughter’s town of Mt Holly after all those years, they tried to have him removed. She must have at least partially forgiven him eventually though because it is implied that about Christmas 1817 he was in Mt Holly VT.[xvii]
It should also be noted there is another Peter Baker who lived in Mount Holly around the same time, but this is a different man. That Peter Baker was born about 1774, removed from Rhode Island and was a fairly prominent man.[xviii] There really is no confusing them.
Peter Baker’s Military Pension papers filed in 1818 were also reviewed, as well as the 1820 follow-up report filed from Rutland County. In April of 1818 he says he has been dependent on his children for 5 months [Dec 1817]. It states in 1820 that he had been crippled 3yrs , and was dependent on the support of his children, but he does not name his children, nor do any documents indicate any children submitted a sworn statement on his behalf.[xix]
Peter is listed in the "Abstracts of Rev. War Pension File". The entry reads: "Peter Baker, S39178, Cont and MA Line, appl. 6 Apr 1818 Rutland City VT aged 62". The full pension file can be found on Heritage Quest, as well as Fold 3. It has quite a bit of information.
April 1818 – Application for Pension
I, Peter Baker, of Mount Holly in the county of Rutland State of Vermont of the age of 62 years being duly sworn do declare depose & say with in December 1775 at Littleton in Massachusetts, I enlisted into Capt Samuel Gilbert’s Company in Col Prescott Rgm’t. of Massachusetts here to serve for one year. Went immediately joined my company at [Cambridge?] where we remained until the British army evacuated Boston, when we followed them to New York. [on March 17, 1776] First we went into winter quarters in the High Land in New York I believe about 3 miles north of West Point. I further say that whilst in said winter quarters, about a month before my time of service expired. I again enlisted into Capt Samuel Darby’s company in Col John Bailey’s Rgm’t. being the 2nd Rgm’t. Massachusetts [?] to serve for three years. Here I served in said company & regiment the full term of reenlistment except nine days which was allowed me to return home when I was discharged at West Point. I have lost my discharge, not considering it of any value. I was at the battle of Massachusetts [known as the Siege of Boston] and at the taking of Burgoine [Battle of Saratoga] I further say that I am a resident citizen of the United States – that I have resided in Mt Holly aforesaid about 5 months – that I am poor and from my reduced circumstances in life I am in need of assistance from my country for support –and further say not.
On another page, dated June 1820, he states:
a pair of crutches upon which I am & have been crippled to walk for more than 3 years past & I am now more than Eight Hundred dollars in debt & have been obliged to depend upon the charity of my children for support until I receive my pension certificate.
The term of the first enlistments was 2 years which fits perfectly with Dec 1775-Dec 77 in Gilbert’s Co. He reenlisted for 3 years in Dec 1777 and then was in Bailey’s. He may have been a volunteer at the march to Concord and at Bunker Hill, but not sure and it doesn’t seem likely since I can’t find him listed anywhere.
He is not listed with Gilbert’s on Aug 1 1775, only his father (Lt) and brother (Prvt) were on that list. That regiment was at Bunker Hill (June 17 1775). His father died possibly in service for the same Company, or from an illness/injury contracted in service in 1776 age 55, but the date or battle (if one) is unclear at the moment. He died either July 8 or Feb 20, Littleton says both dates.[xx]
In the book “An Historical Sketch of Littleton by Harwood, Joseph Jr, and sons Joseph and Peter are all mentioned on page 16 in relation to the War and Col Prescott’s, Capt Gilbert’s Company in the Continental Army which was probably organized after the North Bridge Battle as none of them are specifically mentioned as marching to Concord and Lexington. The Company that did march was Aquila Jewett’s Company.
According to valleyforgemusterroll.org
The 2nd Massachusetts was organized in 1775 at Roxbury from Plymouth County. Entered Valley Forge with 459 men assigned, 297 fit for duty. Left Valley Forge with 392 assigned, 226 fit for duty. Previous engagements: Siege of Boston, Defense of Canada, Lake Champlain, Trenton-Princeton, Saratoga, Defense Of Philadelphia, Philadelphia-Monmouth.
Peter is noted as being in Valley Forge, but he doesn’t specifically mention being there in his application for pension. He is on the Muster Roll at Valley Forge from Dec 1777 to June 1778. It also shows he enlisted Jan 1 1777 & was born Sept 9 1778. [xxi] The birth year obviously incorrect.
He is also found in the Massachusetts soldiers and sailors of the Revolutionary War: a compilation from the archives. Boston, Massachusetts: Wright & Potter Printing Co., 1896-1908.
Baker, Peter, Littleton. Return of men enlisted into the Continental Army from Capt Aaron Jewett's (3rd) co., Col. Jonathan Reed's (6th Middlesex Co.) regt., dated Feb 19, 1778; joined Capt. Samuel Darby's (2nd) co., Col. John Bailey's regt.; enlistment, 3 years or during war; also Private, Col. Bailey's regt.; Continental Army pay accounts for service from Jan. 1, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; also Capt. Samuel Darby's co., Col. Bailey's regt.; return of men in service at Valley Forge Jan. 25, 1778.
"Soldiers of the Revolutionary War who are buried in Vermont", only mentions the pension that Peter received; no burial information was indicated. However, the Vermont Pensioners, 1835 shows:
Peter Baker, Rutland County, Private, Annual Allowance: 96 00, Sums Received: 950 87, Massachusetts Continental Line, Pension roll: September 23, 1818, Commencement of pension: April 6, 1818, Age: 72, Died February 28, 1828.
For a more in depth exploration on Peter’s experiences during the Revolution, read fellow Baker researcher Bob Schwartz’s exceptional work.
An Overview of Peter & the Family’s Life
This part is not endnoted here, but instead is sourced elsewhere in this blog or the Baker blog post which contains that family.
Peter grew up in Littleton MA – His father died in 1776. His paternal grandfather, Capt Joseph Baker, who was briefly Town Clerk of Littleton, died when he was 6 yrs old. His grandmother died after that having married 2nd Samuel Lewis of Reading, MA. His maternal grandfather _________ Wheeler & Sarah _________...........
He had many cousins……& likely knew Lydia from growing up….
Asa: 14 yrs old
Lydia: 12 yrs old
James: 8 yrs old
Larkin 5 yrs old [Goes to live with Ezra & Rebecca Peirce]
Polly: 3 yrs old
Alden: 2 yrs old
Charles b. 1800 [There has been no evidence of Charles to date.]
His name is inscribed in the Revolutionary Monument in Littleton MA along with his brother Joseph b. 11 Sep 1748 & his father Joseph.
Lydia died on 9 Sep 1815 in Chesterfield, NH.[xxiv] John Darling then married Widow Mary (Wood) Taylor as his 3rd wife. They had two more children, Heliann & Joseph who died in Orleans Indiana 7 Jan 1840 20y 5m. He died Mar 28 1824 age 73,[xxv]. Lydia and John had one child, who would therefore by a half sibling of Peter & Lydia’s children. She is listed at the end as she was the youngest child of Lydia.
Peter and Lydia had the following children:
1. Sally (Sarah) Baker was born Jan 26, 1785 in New Ipswich, NH.[xxvi] Sally married Martin Cole son of Jonathan Cole and Anna Whitman on 12 May 1803.[xxvii] Martin was born Nov 23 1781 in Westmoreland NH, and died Apr 6 1866 at age 85.[xxviii] Sarah died 2 Nov 1863. [xxix] The death record states Asa, her brother, as her father. They had one known son & lived in Mt. Holly VT where Martin was establishing a farm as early as 1810. [xxx] 1810 US Census: 1m -10; 1m 26-44; 1f 16-25;
On 12 Feb 1812, Peter Baker, Sarah’s father appears to have been warned out of Mt Holly VT. This is the first known appearance of him since late 1799. Sarah must have forgiven him as in Dec 1817 he returns & is apparently dependent on her. His follow-up application in June of 1820 Peter states he still lives in Mt Holly but he does not appear on the census with them. 1820 US Census: 1m under 10 [unknown]; 1m 16-18 [Larkin]; 1m 26-44; 1f 10-15[unknown]; 1f 26-44; [Peter is not w/ them]
Over the years from 1820-1850 Sarah & Martin took in several children, some of whom we may never know the names of. We do know one of them was William Porter Walker b 4 Feb 1825, son of Sarah’s sister Lydia. Their entire family were left orphans when their father died & shortly thereafter their grieving mother also passed away in 1828. It appears they most likely took in William’s siblings as well, with the exception of the oldest two children. They all fit in the home of Martin & Sarah Cole in 1830.
Martin Cole & Sally Baker’s only birth child was:
i. Larkin Baker Cole b: 10 Apr 1804 in Westmoreland. [xxxi] According, to The Early Genealogies of the Cole Families in America sketch 143, p. 230, it states that he adopted the s to his name very early, and was not home much after 14 yrs of age due to his own schooling & teaching. He was educated at Middlebury & Castleton VT, becoming a physician upon graduation from Castleton. On 14 Feb 1827 in Middlebury VT, he married Sarah Marshall Dyar of Boston. He was of Rockingham VT at the time.[xxxii] She was b. 2 Feb 1800.[xxxiii] and the Principal of a ladies’ seminary. [xxxiv]He practiced in Fitzwilliam, NH 1827-28, Groton & Lowell MA.[xxxv]
Annual Circular of the Massachusetts Medical College: With a History of the Medical Department of Harvard University, a Catalogue of Graduates, David Clapp, 1846 - Medical colleges - 32 pages, pg 27 Dr Larkin Baker Cole, Boston
Catalogue - Harvard University The University., 1846, pg 16 under Medical students, Dr Larkin Baker Cole, Boston
A Catalogue of Its Officers Fellows and Licentiates: 1781-1893 The Society, 1894 - Medicine - 204 pages, pg 90 d. 1856
He decided to study ministry c1837 & attended the Newton Theological Seminary. Preaching in Windsor CT, Hopkinton, MJ & So Reading MA. His health was growing poor and he moved to Boston to focus on lecturing & writing. Earnestly involved in the anti-slavery movement.[xxxvi]
Larkin B. Coles was well known for publishing two books in 1851 which are often still referenced today. They are Philosophy of Health, 1851 & The Beauties and Deformities of Tobacco Using, 1851. Both of which I should probably read & follow my cousin’s advice. J
It is said they had 3 children that died in childhood & 3 that survived. The censuses do show a number of people in the household, but as we have seen from his parents, we cannot assume these are children of the couple.
1830 US Census Lowell MA 1m 20-29; 2f -5; 1f 5-9; 1f 15-19; 1f 20-29; 1f 30-39
1840 US Census South Reading MA 1m -5; 3m 30-39; 1f 5-9; 2f 10-14; 1f 15-19; 2f 20-29; 1f 30-39; 1f 40-49
1850 US Census Lowell, MA: Sarah Coles a50, Susan Dyer a50, Mary Ann Dyer a25; Sarah F. Cole a22; Mary M. Cole a23; Jane French a14 b. Ireland; the rest b. MA
It is unknown where he is in 1850, but it can probably be guessed that he was traveling with his book which he was promoting as early as March 1849.[xxxvii]
1855 MA State Census, Cambridge MA Larkin B Coly a51 physician b. NH; Sarah M D Coly a55 b. MA; Frances S. Coly a27 b. NH; Edwin Prentice a12 b. Michigan; Mary Shay a35 b. Ireland
One of the last notations found for him is in the 23 June 1855 Cambridge Chronicle, Dr. Coles will preach tomorrow, Methodist Church, Harvard St. He died in Louisville KY Jan 18/20 1856 of pneumonia and is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville KY. [xxxviii] His death notice appears in the Cambridge Chronicle 9 Feb 1856; Springfield Republican 2 Feb 1856; & Salem Register 31 Jan 1856 pg 2:
DEATH OF A BOSTON CLERGYMAN. Rev. Dr. Coles, of the Baptist Church, from Boston, died at the Galt House, in Louisville KY, on the 1875 inst., of pneumonia, from which he had been suffering two or three weeks. The deceased went to Kentucky with the intention of delivering a course of lectures on health and its relation to morals, &c. His wife reached him only half an hour before his death. Dr Coles was the author of a popular work on health, published in Boston not long ago.
His probate in Middlesex County, Cambridge MA was in 1856, Docket #29568. She was Executrix. 3 May 1856, an Administratrix Notice for SMD Coles appears in the Cambridge Chronicle. She died in Syracuse NY 22 Apr 1858, a58.[xxxix]
Their children that survived were[xl]:
a. Charlotte Augusta Coles b. 18 Feb 1831 in Lowell MA m. Silas F. Smith of Syracuse NY b. 22 Dec 1812 Lanesborough MA d 4 Dec 1898 Syracuse NY. Silas was the owner & Editor of the Syracuse Daily Journal, a salt manufacturer, Internal Revenue Collector, & in the fire insurance business. She died d. 5 Jan 1913 in Grinnell Iowa. They had two children: Stanley George Smith & Isabel Augusta Smith m. Rev Dr George A. Gates, Claremont CA.
b. Georgiana Coles b. ____m. Rev Wm A Simmons of Georgia. No children.
c. Frances Sarah b. _____ lived in Syracuse, NY, unmarried.
2. Asa Baker was born on 31 Dec 1786 in New Ipswich, NH.[xli] He was a Lieut. 31st Regt Infantry, Westmoreland, 18 Jun 1814. [xlii] War of 1812 Widows’ Pension 22.445 confirms his wife as Hannah Robinson & their marriage as 7 Feb 1819. They lived in Baldwinsvillle, Lysander, NY in 1850. He died in Baldwinsville NY 19 Apr 1851. She noted in Houston TX in 1878. He enlisted 30 Apr 1813 & was discharged in 1815. Research on Asa’s wife and children was mostly gathered by Bob Schwartz and his research likely shows the source documentation for the following children:
i. William Robinson Baker b May 21, 1820 Baldwinsville, Onondaga, NY d Apr 30, Houston, TX. Mayor of Houston, TX and Senator. The Texas Senate: Civil War to the eve of reform, 1861-1889 by Patsy McDonald Spaw pg 185 on Google States: Asa & Hannah (Robinson) Baker parents of William Robinson Baker lived in Cheshire Cty NH until after the war of 1812 when they moved to NY (but this is incorrect & they were married in NY) Hannah was a daughter of a prominent Philadelphia merchant.
3. Lydia Baker was born on 26 Jun 1788.[xliii] Lydia married Azra Walker son of Samuel in 1808. [xliv] He was born Jun 6, 1784 and died May 17, 1828 in Chesterfield, NH. She died on her 40th birthday 26 Jun 1828, a little over a month after Azra died. A notice in the paper states “much lamented”. [xlv] Their children were left parentless. Death records were not found in NHVRA, and the cause remains unknown. They were buried in Center Cemetery, Chesterfield NH.[xlvi] All children are listed in History of Chesterfield NH.
Children of Azra Walker & Lydia Baker
i. Sabrina Shaw Walker b 18 Jan 1809, Chesterfield, Cheshire, NH d Aft 1883
ii. Horton Dudley Walker b 9 Jun 1811, Chesterfield, Cheshire, NH d 9 May 1872, Portsmouth, Rockingham, NH
iii. Polly Walker b 16 Nov 1813, Chesterfield, Cheshire, NH d 16 Aug 1815, Chesterfield, Cheshire, NH
iv. Lawson Walker b 16 Jul 1816, Chesterfield, Cheshire, NH d Aft 1880, Beverly, Essex, MA
v. Parker Davis Walker b 26 Aug 1820, Chesterfield, Cheshire, NH d 7 May 1875, Salem, Essex, MA
vi. Caroline Baker Walker b 3 May 1822, Chesterfield, Cheshire, NH
vii. William Porter Baker b 4 Feb 1825, Chesterfield, Cheshire, NH d 23 Aug 1900, Portsmouth, Rockingham, NH. He has quite a long biography in the Biographical Review of Leading Citizens of Rockingham County, New Hampshire, 1896 pg 562. It states he lived with his uncle Martin Cole in Mt. Holly VT, and later with his brother Horton.
4. James Baker was born in Westmoreland, NH 1792. He died on 18 Nov 1868 in Cambria, NY. Hillside Cemetery, Cambria, NY A family source shows James and his family moved to Cambria, NY abt 1838 where James bought a farm. About 1816 James married Mary Palmer b 17 Dec 1799, Palmer's Ridge, Saratoga, NY daughter of Nicholas Palmer Descendant of Walter Palmer, founder Stonington CT and Jane Ross in 1816 in Prob. Northumberland, NY. Mary died on 11 Apr 1864 in Cambria, NY.
Bob Schwartz’s work should be referenced for this line. As well, I was told by Bob “there was another James Baker family researcher who was a direct descendant of Palmer Nicholas Baker, eldest son, who moved left NY for Michigan around 1868. Her information appears completely independent from other research, and it states that James Baker was born 11 Mar 1792 in Westmoreland, NH.”
i. Palmer N. Baker b 6 Apr 1816, Saratoga Co, NY d 2 Feb 1876, Shelby, Macomb, MI
ii. Lydia Jane Baker b 1821, New York
iii. Alden Dudley Baker b 28 Jul 1823, Saratoga County, NY d 15 Mar 1891, Cambria, Niagara, NY
iv. Oscar Baker b 1829
v. Ira Baker b 1831, Ontario Co., New York
vi. Mary Baker b 1834
vii. Sarah Baker b 1838, Cambria, Niagara, NY
viii. Omar Baker b 26 Feb 1839, Cambria, Niagara, NY d 28 Dec 1884, Cambria, Niagara, NY
ix. George Baker b. Bef 1845 d 10 May 1845, Cambria, Niagara, NY
5. Larkin Baker b. 17 Sep 1795– This was my GGG grandfather – see this post.
6. Polly Baker .b. [29 Dec] 1797 Polly married Capt John B Day Jr. in Chesterfield on Jan 26 1814. She died in Grafton, VT on Jan 1 1849 age 52. He was born Feb 2, 1791 in Chesterfield, NH and died in Chesterfield Apr. 29 1864
Her gravestone in Grafton VT states: “POLLY BAKER / Wife of / JOHN DAY / died / Jan. 1. 1849 / AE. 52”.
There is also a biography of John Day that states the following: “JOHN, son of John, m. 1st, 1814, Polly Baker, d. Grafton, Vt., Jan. 1. 1849, a. 52; 2d, 1850, Sophia, dau, of Rufus Harvey (2). He d. Chfd., Apr. 29, 1864.”
Evidence of her parentage is slim to none. One child is named Larkin, possibly after his uncle – that all we have other than secondary sources that I am aware of. Some of the following is from the History of Chesterfield & some Bob Schwartz.
Children of Capt John B. Day Jr. & Polly Baker
i. John Boyden Day b. Apr 24 1815, Chesterfield, NH
ii. William H Day b Mar 7 1818 Chesterfield, NH
iii. Albert H. Day b Apr 8 1819, Chesterfield, NH d 1876 Joliet, IL
iv. Charles Baker Day b Nov 9 1821 Chesterfield, NH d Nov 12 1895 Peoria, IL
v. Polly E Day b Mar 24, 1824 Chesterfield, NH d Aug 20, 1825 Chesterfield, NH
vi. Lucius L Day b Aug 8, 1827 Chesterfield, NH Jun 1907 Peoria, IL
vii. Larkin Baker Day b Dec 2 1831 Chesterfield, NH d Nov 1883 Milwaukee, WI
viii. Helen Maria Day b Aug 11 1839 Rockingham, VT d Jul 4 1910 Chicago, IL
7. Alden Sprague Baker was born in 1798 in Westmoreland, Cheshire Co, NH. He died in March 13, 1878 in Middleport, Niagara NY. Alden married Elizabeth Wonton Wickham daughter of William Wickham and Catherine Christian in 1823 in Sodus Point, NY. Elizabeth was born on 22 Dec 1804 in Philadelphia, Pa. She died on 5 Feb 1892 in Middleport, Niagara, NY.
According to Bob Schwartz:
“There is an Alden Sprague Baker who was a judge and he resided in Middleport, Niagara, NY. Two relevant accounts about him survive. First is his newspaper obituary that states: ‘Alden Sprague Baker was born in Chesterfield, N.H., Nov. 10th, 1798, and was at the time of his death 79 years of age. In 1816 he removed to Baldwinsville, Onondaga enmity, N. Y., and shortly thereafter went to Oswego.’
The other is biography written about his son Andrew Jackson Baker where it is stated: “Hon. Alden Sprague Baker was born in Westmoreland, New Hampshire., November 10, 1799, and emigrated to the State of New York in 1816. He married Elizabeth Wanton Wickham, at Sodus Point, Wayne county, New York, in 1823, and settled in Middleport in 1824.”
The two accounts give different birthplaces (Westmoreland vs Chesterfield) and birth dates (1798 vs 1799), but it does not represent much of an inconsistency. Lydia lived in Chesterfield after she remarried. His gravestone supports a 1798 birth. The mention of Baldwinsville is significant because Asa Baker lived there. It suggests that Alden S lived with Asa in Baldwinsville for awhile, which would explain the mentions of Alden S Baker in the William R Baker biography. Based on a mention of Westmoreland as his birth place and a connection to Asa Baker in Baldwinsville, the case for Alden S Baker as a child of Peter and Lydia is quite solid.”
Children of Alden S. Baker & Elizabeth Wickham
i. William Wickham Baker b 1824, Middleport, Niagara, NY, d 1824, Middleport, Niagara, NY
ii. John Frederick Baker b. 1825, Middleport, Niagara, NY d 1825, Middleport, Niagara, NY
iii. James Northam Baker b 10 Nov 1824, Sodus Point, Wayne, NY d 10 Mar 1883, Oswego, NY
iv. Catherine Christian Baker b 1827, Middleport, Niagara, NY d Bef 1867
v. Andrew Jackson Baker b 6 Jan 1828, Middleport, Niagara, NY d 23 Jan 1904, Middleport, Niagara, NY
vi. Alden Sprague Baker b1832, Middleport, Niagara, NY d 1907, Whitehall, Muskegon, Michigan
vii. William Wickham Baker b 1836, Middleport, Niagara, NY d 12 Mar 1902, Chicago, Cook, IL
viii. Elizabeth Wanton Baker b 11 May 1837, Middleport, Niagara, NY d 1921, Denver, , Colorado
ix. Thomas Shipley Baker b. 1840, Middleport, Niagara, NY
x. Angelina Baker b 22 Apr 1841, Middleport, Niagara, NY d 28 Mar 1933, Middleport, Niagara, NY
xi. Mary Winthrop Baker b Dec 1847, Middleport, Niagara, NY d Aft 1910
Sourcing on this line is mostly from
a descendant Cherie, who I unfortunately
lost the contact information for.
Bob Schwartz has also worked hard on this line.
8. Charles Baker was born in 1799 in Westmoreland, Cheshire Co, NH. It
is said he was the youngest and removed to NYC. I have been unable to locate him but I am sure he is not the lawyer in Onondaga, NY who was married to Maria…nor is he the Charles in Albany NY or the Charles Baker buried in NYC Marble Cemetery. I do not know of any of us that have found him for certain. I would love to know though.
At the moment, the best lead I have, but still yet to follow & rule in or out, is a Mr Charles Baker of Lincoln, MA who filed an intention to marry Miss Joanna Jones of Concord, MA 7 Feb 1828. The intention was filed & published as law directs (& bands were forbidden by Gregory Stone & Daniel Hayes of Lincoln & after trial before Ebenezer Hobs [?], Charles Wheeler & Elisha Wheeler, Esqrs, the certificate was given by Stephen Patch, Town Clerk [Lincoln]. Concord MA Vital Records: Charles, of Lincoln, and Joanna Jones, Mar. 25, 1828.
John Darling & Lydia (Dudley) Baker had:
9. Miranda Darling, b. 1805 m: 10 Oct 1822/23 in Chester VT (NHVRA & Vermont Vital Records, FS) Ebenezer Scott (son of Ebenezer Scott) via History of Chesterfield p.267? She died 13 Jun 1850 in Chester VT, a45 (Vermont Vital Records, FS). Ebenezer died 3 Jul 1862 in Chester VT, 73y 9m, 29d., Carpenter, b. Chesterfield NH (VVR)
Ebenezer Scott & Miranda had:
i. Laura “Elizabeth” Scott b. 5 Jun 1824 in Chester VT Elizabeth S. Scott b. c1824 in Chester VT m Hathaway d. 26 Nov 1859 Boston MA
ii. Marshall Ebenezer Scott b. 1 Sep 1826 in Chester VT – Registered to vote in Oakland City CA 1871, a39, b. 1832 in VT; 1875 San Fran (California Great Registers 1866-1910, FS
iii. Charlotte M. Scott b. 8 Jun 1829 in Chester VT d. 10/15/1899 in Fitzwilliam, a71, married to Byam
iv. John L. Scott b. 23 Oct 1831 - John Lowell Scott b. c1843 d. 29 Mar 1847 in Chester VT a4
v. Cerocia Scott b. 18 Sep 1834 Chester VT m: Nathan F. Hall (Her father is with them in 1860)
vi. Live “Warren” Scott b. 8 Sep 1837 Chester VT d. 8 Jan 1903 in Boston MA a64, married, b. Chester VT, burial Forest Hills Cemetery
vii. Miranda C Scott b. 21 Nov 1839 d. 9 Jun 1842 a2
Copyright Amylynne Murphy NewEnglandGenealogist.com 2017
[i] Birth Record Peter Baker Records of Littleton, Massachusetts, Committee: George W. Sanderson, Herbert J. Harwood, Edward Frost, Littleton, MA (1900) p. 54; History of Westmoreland NH
[ii] Revolutionary Pension File Peter Baker, Application State: Vermont, Archive Publication Number: M804; See section on his service
[iii] Marriage Record Peter & Lydia Records of Littleton, Massachusetts, Committee: George W. Sanderson, Herbert J. Harwood, Edward Frost, Littleton, MA (1900) p. 274, “mr. Peter Baker of Littleton, MA & Mrs Lydia Dudley of New Ipswich, November 14: 1783.”; History of Westmoreland
[iv] Birth Record Lydia Dudley Records of Littleton, Massachusetts, Committee: George W. Sanderson, Herbert J. Harwood, Edward Frost, Littleton, MA (1900), p. 76
[v] Birth Record Sarah Baker b. 26 Jan 1785 in New Ipswich, NH, female, white, 1st, dau of Peter Baker & Lydia, William L. Phelps, Clerk of New Ipswich, NH 4 Sep 1905, NHVRA, Fruit St. Concord, NH Birth Record Asa Baker b. 31 Dec 1786 New Ipswich NH Male, white, 2nd child, Fa: Peter Baker, Mo: Lydia, Wilber L. Phelps, Clerk of New Ipswich Sep 4 1905 NHVRA, Fruit St., Concord, NH
[vi] 1790 US Census Westmoreland NH; Cheshire County NH Deed 24-234, dated 3 Sep 1792, John & Mary Baker to Peter Baker
[vii] 1860 US Census Westmoreland NH; 1900 US Census Somerville MA; 1910 US Census Westmoreland NH; 1920 & 1930 US Census Keene NH; NHVRA
[viii] Ella Patten Abbott Collection The Historical Society of Cheshire County, 246 Main St, Keene, NH 03431 http://hsccnh.org/
[ix] Cheshire County NH Deed 24-234 & 25-84;
[x] Marriage Record Mrs. Lydia Baker & John Darling John Darling & Mrs Lydia Baker of Westmoreland, 27 Nov 1804 in Chesterfield, NH, NHVRA, Fruit St. Concord, NH;
[xi] Marriage Record John Darling & Sarah Blood; NHVRA; History of Chesterfield, Cheshire County NH
[xii] Birth Record Sarah Baker; Marriage Record Sally Baker & Martin Cole; Death Record Sarah D Cole d: Nov 2 1863 b. NH a79 Father: Asa Baker, Old Age & rheumatism, Mt Holly; 1810 US Census Mt Holly VT; 1820 US Census Mt Holly VT; 1830 US Census Mt Holly VT; 1840 US Census Mt Holly VT; 1850 US Census Mt Holly VT -Martin Cole Mt. Holly, VT - It should be noted that despite her birth record, Sarah’s death record states her father was Asa Baker (her brother) Vermont Vital Records, 1760-1954 via FamilySearch.org; History of Westmoreland (Great Meadow) New Hampshire
[xiii] History of Westmoreland (Great Meadow) New Hampshire
[xiv] Vermont Warnings Out, Vol 2, Alba Rollins, pg 87 &/or consult Mt. Holly Town and Vital Records, Vol 1 (1792-1829)
[xv] 1790 US Census Westmorland NH -Peter Baker; 1800 US Census Westmoreland NH -Peter Baker; 1810 US Census Westmoreland NH– not found.
[xvi] Obituary for Hon Larkin Baker
[xvii] Revolutionary Pension File
[xviii] History of Rutland County, Vermont with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers, Volume 2, Henry Perry Smith, William S. Rann, Heritage books, 1886 (Google eBook)
[xix] Revolutionary Pension File Name: Peter Baker, Application State: Vermont, Archive Publication Number: M804
[xx] Littleton Town Records p. 520 & 534;
[xxii] Revolutionary Pension File
[xxiii] Muff, Janet - FindaGrave.com Volunteer - took & posted a photo at my request.
[xxiv] Burial Stone Lydia Darling Chesterfield NH Wife of John Darling 9 Sep 1815; Death Record Lydia Darling History of Westmoreland; History of Chesterfield, NH
[xxv] Burial Stone John Darling Chesterfield NH
[xxvi] Birth Record Sarah Baker
[xxvii] Marriage Record of Sally Baker & Martin Cole both of Westmoreland, both white, by Rev. Allen Pratt of Wmrld, Clergyman, 12 May 1803, no parents listed on reverse side, NHVRA, Fruit St. Concord, NH; Birth Record Larkin Baker Cole “Larkin Baker” [Cole – left off top] born 10 Apr 1804 in Westmoreland, male, white, parents: Martin Cole, white, & Sally Baker, white, NHVRA, Fruit St. Concord, NH
[xxviii] Martin was born Nov 23 1781 in Wmrlnd. and died Apr 6 1866 at age 85
[xxix] Death Record Sarah D Cole d: Nov 2 1863 b. NH a79 Father: Asa Baker, Old Age & rheumatism, Mt Holly VT - It should be noted that despite her birth record, Sarah’s death record states her father was Asa Baker (her brother) Vermont Vital Records, 1760-1954 via FamilySearch.org; Another copy states "Cole, Sarah B." 79y Husband Dea Martin Cole, d. 3 Nov 1863, Mechanicville Cemetery, Dec 15 1919 ES Burton, Town Clerk Mt Holly;Burial Stone of Sarah B. Cole wife of Dea Cole died Nov 2 1863 79 yrs.
[xxx] 1810 US Census Mt Holly VT; 1820 US Census Mt Holly VT; 1830 US Census Mt Holly; VT 1840; US Census Mt Holly VT; 1850 US Census Mt Holly VT; 1860 US Census Mt Holly VT
[xxxi] Birth Record Larkin Baker Cole “Larkin Baker” [Cole – left off top] born 10 Apr 1804 in Westmoreland, male, white, parents: Martin Cole, white, & Sally Baker, white, NHVRA, Fruit St. Concord, NH
[xxxii] US Newspaper Extractions, Ancestry.com; Vermont Vital Records, FS – but that says her residence was Middlebury VT; Massachusetts marriage Index, Ancestry.com
[xxxiii] Find a Grave, Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, NY, Plot: Sect 48 plot 117, Removed from Rose Hill
[xxxiv] The Early Genealogies of the Cole Families in America sketch 143, p. 230
[xxxv] The Early Genealogies of the Cole Families in America sketch 143, p. 230
[xxxvi] The Early Genealogies of the Cole Families in America sketch 143, p. 230
[xxxvii] Times-Picayune (New Orleans, LA 17 Mar 1849, p. 2
[xxxviii] Find a Grave Louisville KY
[xxxix] Find a Grave, Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, NY, Plot: Sect 48 plot 117, Removed from Rose Hill
[xl] The Early Genealogies of the Cole Families in America sketch 143, p. 230
[xli] Birth Record Asa Baker b. 31 Dec 1786 New Ipswich NH Male, white, 2nd child, Fa: Peter Baker, Mo: Lydia, Wilber L. Phelps, Clerk of New Ipswich Sep 4 1905 NHVRA, Fruit St., Concord, NH
[xlii] Military Asa Baker "Asa Baker Lieut. 31st Regt Infantry Westmoreland, NH Sentinel, Keene, published 18 Jun 1814
[xliii] History of Westmoreland
[xliv] History of Westmoreland
[xlv] Death Record of Lydia Walker - NH Sentinel 18 Jul 1828
[xlvi] Burial Stone Lydia Walker
Copyright Amylynne Murphy NewEnglandGenealogist.com 2017
Amylynne (Baker) Murphy